Posted: Wed May 05, 2010 5:54 am Post subject: Scotland, Ireland planes hampered again by ash
Ash closes Irish, UK airports; summer chaos feared
May 4, 2010 DUBLIN - Airports in Ireland and parts of Britain were closed again for some hours on Tuesday because of the cloud of volcanic ash drifting south from Iceland that wreaked havoc on European air travel last month.
Flights in much of continental Europe were operating as normal and the Irish Aviation Authority (IAA) said it would allow flights to resume from Irish airports from 1200 GMT after a closure lasting six hours.
However, the IAA said northerly winds forecast for the coming days could bring more clouds of ash from the Icelandic eruption and disruption for passengers this week.
"We could be faced with this periodically during the summer," IAA Chief Executive Eamonn Brennan said. "We are probably facing a summer of uncertainty due to this ash cloud," Brennan said.
The IAA had closed airports from 0600 GMT until 1200 GMT due to risk of ash ingestion in aircraft engines, although overflights of Ireland from Britain and continental Europe had not been banned.
The UK's National Air Traffic Services (NATS) said a no-fly zone was in place in the west of Scotland and Northern Ireland, from 0700 a.m. (0600 GMT) until at least 1300 (1200 GMT).
European flights overall were expected to be at almost normal levels on Tuesday, European air traffic agency Eurocontrol said.
On a typical weekday, just under 200 flights would be expected in and out of Ireland, compared with around 28,000 throughout Europe, a spokeswoman said.
Much of European air traffic was grounded last month because of the spread of ash from an erupting volcano in Iceland.
The air space closures cost Europe's airlines 1.5 billion to 2.5 billion euros ($2 billion-$3.3 billion), the European Commission has estimated.
Former Irish state airline Aer Lingus said last month's closures lasting several days cut its earnings by about 20 million euros ($27 million), with the final bill dependent on the impact on passengers' longer-term travel plans.
Shares in Aer Lingus, which also separately reported encouraging first-quarter trading on Tuesday, dropped 1.4 percent by 0909 GMT, while Ryanair, which is much less dependent on the Irish market, dropped 0.9 percent.
Scotland, Ireland planes hampered again by ash
May 04, 2010 DUBLIN A new wave of dense volcanic ash from Iceland snarled air traffic Wednesday in Ireland and Scotland and threatened to spill into the air space of England.
Ireland's key hub, Dublin Airport, admitted defeat for the day and canceled all flights until midnight. More than a dozen other airports throughout the Republic of Ireland, Northern Ireland and Scotland announced shorter closure periods as unseasonal winds pushed the engine-wrecking ash southwest back towards the Atlantic rather than northeast into the unpopulated Arctic.
The renewed volcanic-ash threat in the skies of Britain and Ireland this week, following a two-week lull, has tested the more precise safety rules adopted by European aviation authorities following the unprecedented April 14-20 closure of most northern European airspace.
Britain's Civil Aviation Authority said Wednesday's ash threat might reach northwestern England and Wales but would miss the four major airports of London.
Authorities are seeking to stop flights only when the ash reaches certain density levels and gets within 60 miles (100 kilometers) of an airport's path for landings and takeoffs — a stark contrast to last month's closures of air services throughout several countries.
In Scotland, Glasgow Airport shut Wednesday but its eastern neighbor, Edinburgh, planned to stay open until the afternoon. Similarly in Northern Ireland, Belfast's two airports kept operating but the main airport to the west, Londonderry, was closed. And while Dublin was gridlocked, operations continued normally at Ireland's other two main airports to the west in Shannon and Cork. All those currently open expected to shut later in the day, but others expected to reopen by the evening.
The rapidly changing situation obliged would-be fliers to hop on trains, buses and taxis to reach nearby airports. Virgin Trains also said it was offering extra services Wednesday between Scotland and London.
Aviation chiefs in Ireland and Britain said they were updating their closures and reopenings within minutes of receiving updated ash maps every six hours from the Volcanic Ash Advisory Center in England.
Donie Mooney, operations director at the Irish Aviation Authority, said the volcano's emissions changed over the past few days and caught forecasters off guard, forcing Ireland to abandon its hopes of staying open Wednesday.
"The ash plume has been going higher and the ash is of a coarser nature. That threw our projected opening times into some disarray," he said.
Still, the ash clouds are remaining below 20,000 feet (6 kilometers), far lower than the cruising altitude of passenger jets, therefore they pose a danger only to ascending or descending aircraft.
Posted: Sat May 08, 2010 6:25 am Post subject: Volcanic ash cloud shuts Spanish airports
Volcanic ash cloud shuts Spanish airports
8 May 2010 Spain has closed 15 airports as a cloud of ash from an Icelandic volcano drifts south over Western Europe.
National airport management agency Aena said nine airports closed early on Saturday and six more shut from 1200 local time (1000 GMT).
The restrictions would be in place until at least 1800, Aena said
Most flights between Europe and North America are being diverted because of the ash cloud's latest drifting, officials at Eurocontrol said.
Flights are being rerouted north and south of the 1,200 mile (2,000km) long cloud.
On average, 600 airliners make the Atlantic crossing every day, correspondents say.
Aena said the airports affected were Bilbao, San Sebastian, Vitoria, Zaragoza, Pamplona, La Rioja, Santiago, La Coruna, Vigo, Asturias, Santander, Leon, Valladolid, Burgos and Salamanca.
Eurocontrol, the agency that co-ordinates aviation safety in Europe, said airports were also expected to close in northern Portugal and parts of southern France.
In the UK, some flights to Spain were being affected.
At London Stansted, 22 Ryanair flights to the Canary Islands, mainland Spain and Portugal were cancelled, along with three EasyJet flights.
Flights from Gatwick to Portugal, Alicante and Madrid were cancelled and at Heathrow some flights to La Coruna in northern Spain were also grounded.
Last month, thousands of travellers were stranded after ash shut down airspace across Europe.
Posted: Sun May 09, 2010 4:32 am Post subject: Volcanic ash flight misery continues
Volcanic ash flight misery continues
9 May 2010 AIRPORTS CLOSED UNTIL 1300
Volcano ash cloud threatens flights over Switzerland, south and central France, north Italy and north Portugal
UK air passengers are facing further disruption from a volcanic ash cloud that has affected European flights.
Most of northern Italy's airports are closed until at least midday, and France, Switzerland, and northern Portugal have also been be affected.
The Met Office said ash could return to UK airspace on Sunday and next week.
Six Scottish airports will close until at least 1300 BST. Flights from the UK to Spain, France, Switzerland, Germany and Portugal have been grounded.
According to the European air traffic agency Eurocontrol, Pisa and Florence airports in Italy will be
closed between 0600 and 1200 UTC (0700 and 1300 BST) while Santiago, La Coruna and Vigo in Spain will be shut until 0900 UTC (1000 BST).
The Met Office said that dense areas of volcanic ash were expected to move across parts of France and Italy on Sunday.
The ash closed 16 Spanish airports on Saturday, including international hub Barcelona.
The disruption could continue into next week if northerly winds bring ash over western Scotland and Ireland.
Passengers are urged to check details of their flights before travelling to the airport.
Easyjet has cancelled flights scheduled for Sunday morning from Gatwick to Rome, Lyon, Milan and Nice; from Luton to Pisa, Geneva, Nice, Lisbon and Belfast; and from Edinburgh to Lisbon, Milan and Stansted.
Ryanair has cancelled dozens of flights to and from Italy, Spain, Portugal, Switzerland, Poland, Germany and the Netherlands.
On Saturday the airline cancelled flights to and from destinations including Spain and the Canary Islands, Portugal and France.
BA said ash levels "may result in flight disruption" and advised passengers to check ahead before leaving for the airport.
Simon Calder, travel editor of the Independent, said that Glasgow had taken the place of Reykjavik as an international hub.
He added that some passengers travelling to North America were facing "horrendous delays" of up to 16 hours.
Airports in the west of the Republic of Ireland will close from 1400 BST, the Irish Aviation Authority has warned.
Many flights between Europe and North America are being diverted because of the ash cloud's location, officials at Eurocontrol said.
The volcano has become more active in recent days and flights are being re-routed north and south of the 1,200 mile (2,000km) long cloud.
Posted: Mon May 10, 2010 5:07 am Post subject: Ash from Iceland volcano over Cyprus - Israel
Ash from Iceland volcano over Cyprus - Israel
May 10, 2010 / Iyyar 26, 5770
Ash cloud to arrive in Israel Monday night.
Transportation Ministry says Meteorological Service predicts ash from Iceland volcano to pass over
Cyprus Monday afternoon, arrive in Israel in evening. Aviation Authority calls emergency meeting to prepare for flight disruptions
The Transportation Ministry warned Monday that the ash cloud responsible for halting most of Europe in its tracks is scheduled to arrive in Israel soon.
A statement issued by the ministry cited meteorological reports saying the cloud would pass over Cyprus Monday afternoon and arrive in Israel's skies late in the evening.
Transportation Minister Yisrael Katz ordered his ministry to prepare for repercussions caused by the cloud, newly emitted from an active volcano in Iceland. It is currently floating 20,000 feet above sea level.
The Civil Aviation Authority has called an emergency meeting at 1 pm Monday, with the participation of the Meteorological Service and various local and foreign airline companies.
The meeting will include predictions on possible scenarios and their effect on takeoffs and landings in Israel.
Data was collected from the British meteorological service and the Euro-Control, which are assisting Israel in its preparations.
The EU's Aviation Authority announced Sunday a number of flight disruptions throughout the continent.
The volcanic ash cloud led to cancelations in Scotland, Spain, Portugal, and Germany, and threatens to cause disruptions in France, Switzerland, the Czech Republic, and Austria.
Last edited by CJ on Sun Oct 21, 2012 6:21 am; edited 2 times in total
Posted: Tue May 11, 2010 6:04 am Post subject: Volcanic ash causes fresh disruptions in Europe
Volcanic ash causes fresh disruptions in Europe
Ash fears close Spanish and Moroccan airports
May 11, 2010 A cloud of abrasive volcanic ash drifting over Europe from Iceland is causing new delays and airport closures in southern Europe, as Pope Benedict XVI begins a four-day trip to Portugal.
Air traffic over southern Europe faces more disruptions on Tuesday from a cloud of ash drifting in off the Atlantic from the Icelandic volcano Eyjafjallajokull, just as Pope Benedict begins a visit to Portugal.
Even as clearer skies in some areas allowed flights to resume after a weekend of cancellations across southern and central Europe,
a change in wind direction has now forced Spain to again close down operations at
4 airports in the Canary Islands and three others on the southern mainland.
Both airports on Tenerife, plus those on La Palma and La Gomera, suspended air traffic early Tuesday morning, while the airports in Seville, Jerez and Badajoz shut down a short time later.
A spokesman for AENA, the Spanish aviation control agency, said it was not known when they could re-open.
About 500 fewer flights took off across Europe on Monday because of the ash cloud, which continues to force transtlantic flights to and from North America to fly lengthy detours around it.
The AENA spokesman said that some air corridors normally reserved for the military may now be used for civil aviation.
In neighboring Portugal, airports in Lisbon and Porto re-opened on Monday, but Faro was closed later in the evening as the
ash cloud swept across the country's southern Algarve region. More closures could come on Tuesday.
Posted: Tue May 11, 2010 4:42 pm Post subject: Fluoride from volcanic ash poisoning birds and animals
Fluoride from volcanic ash poisoning birds and animals
May 11 2010 Dr. Mercola
One of the Biggest Health Frauds EVER Perpetrated on the American People
Animals in southern Iceland are at risk of fluoride poisoning if they inhale or ingest the ash from the recent volcanic eruption.
Fluoride poisoning can lead to internal bleeding, long-term bone damage and tooth loss.
“The fluoride in the ash creates acid in the animals' stomachs, corroding the intestines and causing hemorrhages.
It also binds with calcium in the bloodstream and after heavy exposure over a period of days makes bones frail, even causing teeth to crumble.”
Many may see this story and never connect the dots between the tragic poisoning of these animals due to a natural event, and the intentional poisoning of human beings through excessive fluoride exposure each and every day.
This story is another clue that just because something exists in nature doesn't necessarily mean it is good for you. And this is certainly true for the seriously misguided use of fluoride to prevent dental cavities.
The practice of adding fluoride to your tap water began in 1945.
With more than 60 percent of U.S. water supplies currently fluoridated, chances are you’re one of the 170 million Americans who drink fluoride on a daily basis.
Most likely, your dentist – along with countless government and public health officials - has praised and promoted the use of fluoride,
both in toothpaste and drinking water, as one of your must-do regimens to promote strong and healthy teeth.
Unfortunately, they’ve all bought the public deception, and have unwittingly participated in and perpetuated perhaps one of the grandest public health frauds and toxic cover-ups in U.S. history.
Fluoride – A Historically Known Toxin
Prior to 1945 when communal water fluoridation took effect, fluoride was a known toxin.
For example, a 1936 issue of the Journal of the American Dental Association stated that fluoride at the 1 ppm (part per million) concentration is as toxic as arsenic and lead.
The Journal of the American Medical Association stated in their September 18, 1943 issue, that “fluorides are general protoplasmic poisons that change the permeability of the cell membrane by certain enzymes.” And, an editorial published in the Journal of the American Dental Association, October 1, 1944, stated,
"Drinking water containing as little as 1.2 ppm fluoride will cause developmental disturbances. We cannot run the risk of producing such serious systemic disturbances. The potentialities for harm outweigh those for good."
More recently, Christopher Bryson, award winning journalist and former producer at the BBC revealed the multi-tiered abuse of power by military and industry scientists and public health officials in his book The Fluoride Deception. In it, he describes the intertwined interests that existed in the 1940’s and 50’s between the aluminum industry, the U.S. nuclear weapons program, and the dental industry, which resulted in fluoride being declared not only safe, but “beneficial to human health.”
The political back story of how fluoride was introduced into your drinking water reads like a cross between a psychological thriller and mind-boggling science fiction.
Read Bryson’s book, and you’ll never think of fluoride the same again… Because the bottom line is that when you swallow fluoride, it does nothing to decrease disease, it merely accelerates it.
Do You Know What’s REALLY in Your Water?
What would you do if you suddenly found out that “fluoride,” which advocates claim is an all-natural element that you ingest anyway and is good for your teeth and bones, was not safe at all, but was actually a carcinogenic industrial waste?
That’s right! The fluoride in your water supply is not what you think it is.
The natural form of mineral fluoride found both in nature and in your teeth and bones, is called Apatite (calcium fluoro-chloro-hydroxyl phosphate).
Inside your mouth, there is a natural equilibrium between hydroxyl-apatite (calcium phosphate) dissolving and forming in your tooth enamel from substances occurring naturally in your saliva. Like everything else, your diet and various physical conditions shift this equilibrium back and forth constantly.
When you have more calcium phosphate dissolving than being adhered, you end up with a demineralization condition called caries. This is when cavities form in your teeth.
However, this has nothing to do with fluoride or fluoridation, but a good fib must always start with a kernel of truth, or else no one will listen to you.
So when it comes to the so-called “health benefits” of fluoride, it’s essential to understand what’s really being added to your water and other products you use on a regular basis, such as toothpaste.
When “fluoride” is added to your drinking water, it’s NOT the natural mineral. Instead, the fluoride in question is another chemical fluoride compound – the toxic waste product from phosphate fertilizer plants.
There are three basic compounds commonly used for fluoridating water supplies:
The last two, sodium silicofluoride and hydrofluorosilicic acid, are the compounds used for water fluoridation, with hydrofluorosilicic acid being the most commonly used additive, according to the CDC.
These are chemical byproducts of aluminum, steel, cement, phosphate, and nuclear weapons manufacturing. Such fluoride is manmade, and in this form, fluoride has no nutrient value and no health benefits whatsoever.
But there’s yet another tidbit that is not talked about openly, and that is the fact that these hazardous industrial wastes – the fluoride compounds actually added to your water -- have NEVER been fully tested to ascertain their full potential health hazard.
Instead, the pharmaceutical grade “sodium fluoride” (the first one on the list) is used in the majority of studies evaluating the risk to human health.
Therefore, the real danger to your health may be far greater than any of the studies done so far have shown, and numerous studies have already identified the pharmaceutical grade sodium fluoride as a toxic agent, capable of doing irreparable harm to your body.
Fluoride May Actually CAUSE More Cavities Than it Prevents!
Studies have also shown that fluoride does not even help prevent cavities, which is the number one reason for water fluoridation in the first place.
Instead, studies have shown that consuming too much fluoride might actually cause tooth decay.
One such study, published in the September 2001 issue of International Journal of Pediatric Dentistry, found that South African children who drank water containing high levels of natural fluoride (3 ppm), had more tooth decay than children in other parts of South Africa who drank much lower concentrations (between 0.19 to 0.48 ppm).
And fluoride-saturated American teenagers had twice the rate of cavities as the South African children drinking low levels of natural fluoride!
The Many Health Dangers of Fluoride
According to information from its Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS), and from the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), the pharmaceutical grade sodium fluoride is a dangerous toxin that can cause serious physical harm.
The chemical targets your:
* Gastrointestinal system
* Bone and skeletal structures
The MSDS for sodium fluoride also states that fluoride compounds can induce:
* Systemic toxic effects on your heart, liver, and kidney
* Depleted calcium levels in your body leading to hypocalcaemia and death
It points out that the toxic effect of fluoride might be delayed, and that laboratory experiments have resulted in the development of tumors.
In order to understand the long-term dangers of fluoride, it’s important to realize that fluoride is a cumulative poison.
Ninety-eight percent of the fluoride you ingest in water is absorbed into your blood through your gastrointestinal tract. From there, it enters your body’s cellular tissues. On average, about 50 percent of the fluoride you ingest each day gets excreted through your kidneys. The remainder accumulates in your teeth and bones, pineal gland, and other tissues, such as the aorta.
The amount deposited into your bones and teeth varies depending on your age. In children, more than 50 percent of an ingested dose of fluoride is deposited in bone, but in adults only about 10 percent is stored there.
As with teeth, fluoride is deposited in bone by the ionic exchange with hydroxyl-apatite as mentioned earlier. It does dissolve from bone as well, but at a slower rate than it is deposited, so if your intake remains constant, the level of fluoride in your bones increases linearly with age.
Therefore, if your kidneys are damaged, fluoride accumulation will increase, and with it, the likelihood of harm.
There are numerous health problems associated with the accumulation of fluoride in your body, such as:
* Hyperactivity and/or lethargy
* Dental fluorosis (staining and pitting of teeth)
* Lowered thyroid function
* Lowered IQ, and dementia
* Disrupted immune system
Fluoride also causes genetic damage and cell death, inactivates at least 62 enzymes in your body, and accelerates the aging process.
Overdosing is Easy
When water fluoridation first began, the “optimal” level of fluoride for dental benefit was said to be 1 mg/day for an adult male, based on the estimate that the average adult male drank one liter of water per day. However, even at that level, 10 percent of the population (those in the high-risk group) was expected to get fluorosis.
But water is not the only source of added fluoride.
Although you may not know it, you are exposed to fluoride from many sources other than the obvious lineup of toothpastes and mouth rinses.
Far less obvious sources of fluoride include:
* Food and beverages processed with fluoridated water
* Mechanically de-boned meat
* Pesticide residue on food
* Pharmaceutical drugs, especially SSRI antidepressants and fluoroquinolone antibiotics like Cipro
* Soy baby formulas
* Instant tea
A 1991 review by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services shows just how drastic your overexposure might be when taking multiple sources into account.
If you were to evaluate all the sources of fluoride you’re exposed to on a regular basis, you may be shocked by how much fluoride you and your children are actually ingesting.
Diet, Not Fluoride Builds Healthy Teeth
If you’re wondering how to keep your teeth healthy, remember that fluoride was never the answer in the first place.
Instead, you need to look to your diet if you want healthy teeth. In fact, most people whose diet includes very little sugar and few processed foods have very low rates of tooth decay.
Limiting or eliminating sugar, and avoiding processed foods and eating plenty of green vegetables and vitamin K2 --
along with regular cleanings with your natural dentist – is the best way to ensure your teeth stay healthy naturally.
I strongly advise you to continue educating yourself about fluoride and to avoid it as much as you can.
The Fluoride Action Network is a phenomenal resource for further education, and they’re doing much to pressure the US government for change.
Their Statement asking Congress to end water fluoridation in the United States has now been signed by over 2,750 professionals.
Iceland's other volcanoes are stirring
May 16, 2010 Scientists forecast decades of ash clouds
Many more of Iceland’s volcanoes seem to be stirring
The Icelandic eruption that has caused misery for air travellers could be part of a surge in volcanic activity that will affect the whole of Europe for decades, scientists have warned.
They have reconstructed a timeline of 205 eruptions in Iceland, spanning the past 1,100 years, and found that they occur in regular cycles —
with the relatively quiet phase that dominated the past five decades now coming to an end.
At least 3 other big Icelandic volcanoes are building towards an eruption, according to Thor Thordarson, a volcanologist at Edinburgh University.
“The frequency of Icelandic eruptions seems to rise and fall in a cycle lasting around 140 years,” he said.
“In the latter part of the 20th century we were in a low period, but now there is evidence that we could be approaching a peak.”
His findings coincide with new warnings that the eruption of Eyjafjallajokull, which has disrupted air traffic across Europe for several weeks, could carry on for many months — and possibly years.
Some geologists have also warned of a serious threat from a fourth volcano, Katla, which lies 15 miles to the east of Eyjafjallajokull.
Two of its past three eruptions seemed to be triggered by those of its smaller neighbour and a report issued just before Eyjafjallajokull blew suggested Katla was “close to failure [eruption]”.
The three other volcanoes cited by Thordarson as being potentially close to a large eruption are Grimsvotn, Hekla and Askja — all of which are bigger than Eyjafjallajokull.
In the past, they have proved devastating. Hekla alone has erupted about 20 times since AD874, pouring out a total of two cubic miles of lava from a line of fissures that stretches 3Å miles across the mountain.
There was a minor eruption in 2000 and geologists have reported that snow is once again melting on Hekla’s summit, suggesting that magma is rising.
Grimsvotn, another highly active volcano, lies under the huge Vatnajokull glacier in Iceland’s southeast. An eruption in 1996 saw much of this glacial ice melt, causing a flood that washed away the country’s main ring road.
It is linked to the massive Laki fissure volcano whose 1783 eruption ejected so much ash into the atmosphere that it cooled the entire northern hemisphere for nearly three years.
The resulting low temperatures caused crop failures and famines that killed 2m people and helped trigger the French Revolution.
Thordarson believes that the behaviour of the volcanoes is linked to movements in the earth’s crust which create massive subterranean stresses over wide areas.
As these stresses build up, more volcanoes erupt and as the stress disappears, the volcanoes subside again.
The theory is a controversial one. Gillian Foulger, professor of geophysics at Durham University, suggests that historic clusters of eruptions could well have occurred by chance.
She said: “This needs rigorous statistical support.”
However, both she and Thordarson agree that Europe needs to take the threat of further Icelandic eruptions more seriously, including improving the monitoring of active volcanoes.
Foulger is writing to David Willetts, the new science minister, suggesting Britain could support Iceland in such a project.
She said: “There are about 35 active [big] volcanoes in Iceland and if we put a high quality seismograph and
some global positioning equipment on each one we would often be able to tell in advance if an eruption was coming.
The cost is tiny compared with the potential economic damage from an unexpected eruption.”
The most pressing question for Britain and the rest of Europe is how long the current eruption will continue.
Professor Stephen Sparks, from the earth sciences department at Bristol University, said:
“Every volcano has its own personality. This particular volcano has erupted before in 1612 and 1821.
When it erupted in 1821 it continued erupting for 15 months so there is no reason why it could not last a similar period of time.”
The new rules in place for aviation mean Iceland and Europe can probably cope with Eyjafjallajokull, but an eruption by Katla could cause far bigger problems.
Dr Richard Waller, senior lecturer in physical geography at Keele University, believes the ash cloud could be immense, but for Iceland the biggest problem would be massive flooding.
“Katla has a crater filled with ice more than 2,000ft thick, which will all melt,” he said.
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Posted: Thu May 27, 2010 2:00 pm Post subject: 2nd Iceland volcano - KATLA - issues ominous warning
2nd Iceland volcano - KATLA - issues ominous warning
May 27, 2010 Scientists say a more powerful Katla volcano is 'close to failure'
Iceland's volcanoes are sometimes called the Katla had 2 quakes May 23 and another May 26
GATEWAY to HELL
A second, much larger volcano in Iceland is showing signs that it may be about to erupt, scientists have warned.
Since the start of the Eyjafjallajökull eruption, which caused cancellations of thousands of flights in Europe because of a giant ash cloud, there has been much speculation about neighboring Katla.
An initial research paper by the University College of London Institute for Risk and Disaster Reduction said:
"Analysis of the seismic energy released around Katla over the last decade or so is interpreted as providing evidence of a rising ... intrusive magma body on the western flank of the volcano."
"Earlier seismic energy release at Katla is associated with the inflation of the volcano, which indicates it is close to failure, although this does not appear to be linked to seismicity around Eyjafjallajökull," it added.
"We conclude that given the high frequency of Katla activity, an eruption in the short term is a strong possibility," the report said.
"It is likely to be preceded by new earthquake activity. Presently there is no unusual seismicity under Katla."
Icelandic President Ólafur Grímsson has warned governments around Europe that a significant eruption at the volcano is close.
"We [Iceland] have prepared ... it is high time for European governments and airline authorities all over Europe and the world to start planning for the eventual Katla eruption," he said.
The UCL scientists, engineers and statisticians also criticized the response to the earlier eruption.
"The impact of the eruption on regional airspace could have been predicted and better prepared for as the growing problem of aircraft-ash cloud encounters has been recognized for decades," the report added.
"Similarly, the potential for ash clouds, specifically from Icelandic volcanoes, to interfere with air traffic in UK,
European and North Atlantic air-space was appreciated by the aviation industry well before the start of the Eyjafjallajökull eruption," it said.
"The response to the ash cloud’s arrival in UK and adjacent airspace was entirely reactive and therefore less effective than it should have been."
Last edited by CJ on Sun Oct 21, 2012 6:24 am; edited 3 times in total
KATLA * Iceland's larger volcano
June 12, 2010
KATLA had several small quakes June 12
ICELAND * Big Brother KATLA Awakens
July 10, 2010 After Skull, the little brother erupted last Spring, it caused European skies to be closed to air traffic on April 20th.
History of this Iceland volcano revealed that everytime the little brother volcano erupted, the Big Brother Katla followed like clockwork 4-6 months later.
We can count on an eruption very soon
Katla had 14 earthquakes in 48 hours as of Friday evening, July 09, 2010
14 earthquakes have occurred below Iceland's Mýrdalsjökull glacier during the past 48 hours, one within the last 4 hours.
Katla Volcano lies beneath the Mýrdalsjökull glacier.
KATLA VOLCANO October 19, 2010
The earthquakes in KATLA volcano increase.
Deep earthquake in Katla volcano October 19, 2010 by Jón Frímann
Yesterday (18th October 2010) at 03:34 UTC there was a deep earthquake under Katla volcano.
This earthquake was on a 14,8 km depth and had the size of ML0.7 according to reviewed earthquake data from IMO (this is too small for my Hekla geophone to detect at this distance).
This was a single earthquake and does not indicate anything special at current time.
However this earthquake might possibility signal a change inside Katla volcano and might be a start of a longer process that is in the end going to lead to a eruption in Katla some time in the future.
Currently it is unclear how the path to volcano eruption starts in Katla. But in 1918 there where no instruments to record that eruption.
This type of deep earthquake have sometimes created harmonic tremor signals in Katla volcano. But that happens due to dike event inside the volcano.
This has happened regularly over the last few years. But has not been big enough to start a eruption.
9 October 2010 a sudden rise in Harmonic Tremor was observed in the stations around Katla, a sign of an impending eruption[/size].
Catastrophic eruptions have occurred in Katla, generally with a Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI) between 4 and 6 (scale goes between 0 to .
Increased earthquake activity has been noticed on Katla since after the eruption at Eyjafjallajökull, but no other signs of an imminent eruption have been observed.
International Concern Over Iceland's Katla Volcano Erupting Soon Is Justified
Unfortunately, as dangerous as this volcano is and its history of erupting within months of the Eyjafjallajökull Volcano is disturbing.
I find it deplorable that the EU's respective governments are not attempting to prepare their citizens for what I believe is an eventuality, not a probability.
Speaking in terms of probability, history would seem to indicate that the Katla Volcano could erupt relatively soon, perhaps before the end of 2010.
Again, attempting to find reputable information in regard the Katla Volcano isn't easy, however some of it is out there, and to be frank, the future in regard Katla doesn't look promising at all"
From a political and financial standpoint, it's understandable that Great Britain and the European Union are crossing their fingers in regard a Katla eruption rather than sounding an alarm.
Their collective economies are suffering and a significant Katla eruption could upset the "recovery" and has the potential to kill tens of thousands of European citizens, most likely the elderly and those with chronic or significant health issues.
MUCH MORE ...
Grimsvotn Volcano, Iceland
November 1, 2010 Everyone was worried about Katla. This could be WAY worse
I was watching ICELAND the past few days, and noticed several unusual, strong earthquakes.
A possible eruption has begun at Grimsvotn volcano, Iceland. A flood has started in Gigja in south-east Iceland.
The disturbance occurred under the Vatnajokull glacier near Grimsvotn Volcano on Sunday afternoon.
There was an increase in flow of water by 30 cm but other rivers running from the glacier are dry.
The flood may take 4-5 days to reach maximum. On Sunday the volume of water in Gigja was 130 cubic metres per second,
and electrolyte levels double that of normal. Grimsvotn is the most active volcano in Iceland.
The Grímsvötn lakes are lakes in Iceland. They lie in the highlands of Iceland at the northwestern side of the Vatnajökull glacier and are covered by its ice cap.
Beneath them is the magma chamber of a volcano. Grímsvötn has a southwest-northeast-trending fissure system,
and the massive climate-impacting Laki fissure eruption of 1783-1784 was a part of the same fissure system.
Grímsvötn was erupting at the same time as Laki during 1783, but continued to erupt until 1785.
Because most of the volcano lies underneath Vatnajökull, most of its eruptions have been subglacial.
Last edited by CJ on Sun Oct 21, 2012 6:31 am; edited 3 times in total
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