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Legalization of pot - Marijuana
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BornAgain2



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PostPosted: Wed Nov 09, 2016 6:40 pm    Post subject:  Reply with quote

https://www.yahoo.com/news/califo...ijuana-federal-law-172240792.html
California voters legalize recreational marijuana: Will federal law follow?
11/9/16

Tuesday night California, Massachusetts, and Nevada joined Alaska, Colorado, Oregon, Washington state and Washington D.C. in legalizing the recreational use of marijuana.

Similarly, medical use referenda passed in Florida, North Dakota and Arkansas, making the 2016 election the biggest victory for cannabis proponents since 2012, when Colorado and Washington became the first to vote to end prohibition of the drug. The growing state support for pot consumption, as evidenced by this election, is interpreted by proponents that there's momentum to change the federal laws banning the drug's use, sale, and cultivation.

“I think of this victory in California as a major victory,” Lauren Mendelsohn, the chairwoman of the board of directors of Students for Sensible Drug Policy, a group that has campaigned against the government’s war on drugs, told the New York Times. “It shows the whole country that prohibition is not the answer to the marijuana question.”

Recommended: How much do you know about marijuana? Take the quiz

But critics note that Arizona voted down a recreational marijuana initiative Tuesday, and argue that the pro-pot movement may have cherry picked the more liberal states, but the momentum could stall in more conservative states. And a Trump administration isn't looking very pro-marijuana. In Maine, the "yes" vote on recreational marijuana ballot initiative is  ahead by 1 percent with 93 percent of the vote counted, as of Wednesday morning.

The California referendum will allow those over 21 to possess small amounts of marijuana for personal use and to grow up to six plants on their private property if they are are not visible to the public. California, Massachusetts, and Nevada, plan to implement these measures by 2018 after licenses are issued to dispensaries and other related businesses.

There are still questions about driving while high, so some of the  additional $1 billion in tax revenue expected to come from marijuana sales in California are to be put toward a study to develop more accurate tests for determining whether a driver is impaired by marijuana. Marijuana tax money will also be directed to drug education programs for young people as well as efforts to curb the environmental impact of increased marijuana cultivation and production.

California has long been hub of support for marijuana, as well as illicit marijuana cultivation, and with the state’s powerful economy, advocates see it as occupying a unique position to push for reform of US federal ban on marijuana.

“This represents a monumental victory for the marijuana reform movement,” Ethan Nadelmann, executive director of the Drug Policy Alliance, said in a statement. “With California’s leadership now, the end of marijuana prohibition nationally, and even internationally, is fast approaching.”

Advocates say that the federal government's war on drugs stance will not hold up as more states legalize recreational and medical marijuana use. But the White House still opposes the legalization of marijuana because it says it would increase the availability and use of illicit drugs. In August, in a  letter in the Federal Register, the DEA said marijuana should remain as a Schedule I drug, a class that includes drugs the regulator says have a “high potential for abuse” and “no current accepted medical use in treatment in the United States.”

Still, President Barack Obama said in a  recent interview with Bill Maher that there's a need for "a more serious conversation about how we're treating marijuana and our drug laws in general."

Rep. Earl Blumenauer (D) of Oregon and a supporter of legalization, told The New York Times, “The new administration is not going to want to continue this toxic and nonproductive war on drugs.”

But after Tuesday's vote, which gives Republicans control of the House, Senate, and White House, there may be less receptivity to changing federal law on recreational use of marijuana.

"In terms of marijuana and legalization, I think that should be a state issue, state-by-state," Donald Trump told The Washington Post. "… Marijuana is such a big thing. I think medical should happen – right? Don’t we agree? I think so. And then I really believe we should leave it up to the states."

Marijuana advocates are aware that a Trump administration may be less receptive to a federal change. “The prospect of Rudy Giuliani or Chris Christie as attorney general does not bode well,” Mr. Nadelmann told the Washington Post. “There are various ways in which a hostile White House could trip things up.”

William A. Galston and E.J. Dionne Jr. acknowledge the growing public support for marijuana use in the US, but write in a study for the Brookings Institution that it's a mistake to assume that national support for issues such as same-sex marriage also means that marijuana is on a similar track to legalization.

   Attitudes toward legalization are marked by ambivalence, especially on the conservative side. Many of those who favor legalization do so despite believing that marijuana is harmful or reporting that they feel uncomfortable with its use. Among conservatives, many who believe marijuana should be illegal nonetheless support states’ right to legalize it and take a dim view of government’s ability to enforce a ban," the researchers wrote.
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BornAgain2



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PostPosted: Mon Nov 14, 2016 1:55 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

http://www.msn.com/en-us/health/m...li?li=BBmkt5R&ocid=spartandhp
Marijuana Use Tied to Rare, Temporary Heart Malfunction
11/13/16

HealthDay News) -- Marijuana use might raise the risk of a rare, temporary heart muscle malfunction that can feel like a full-fledged heart attack, a new study suggests.

People who used marijuana were almost twice as likely as non-users to suffer a bout of stress cardiomyopathy, a condition also known as takotsubo, said study co-author Dr. Amitoj Singh. He is chief cardiology fellow at St. Luke's University Health Network in Bethlehem, Pa.

Further, pot users experiencing takotsubo were more likely to suffer a cardiac arrest or require an implanted defibrillator, compared with non-users with takotsubo, Singh said. Cardiac arrest is when the heart suddenly stops beating.

"Marijuana does not appear to be entirely safe, as some of the lobbyists for marijuana are arguing," Singh said. But the study did not prove that pot causes takotsubo.

Singh was to present his findings Sunday at the American Heart Association's annual meeting, in New Orleans. Research presented at meetings is considered preliminary until published in a peer-reviewed journal.

An American Heart Association spokeswoman questioned the findings, noting that the study mainly focused on marijuana use among people who'd fallen ill with takotsubo, which is a very rare condition.

"I think they're extending conclusions that go beyond the data," said Donna Arnett, dean and professor of epidemiology at the University of Kentucky College of Public Health, in Lexington. "These data are suggestive only. I don't know you can extend it to say you should not use marijuana in terms of risk for stress cardiomyopathy."

Takotsubo is a sudden and usually temporary weakening of the heart muscle that reduces the heart's ability to pump -- essentially a "stunning" of the heart, Singh explained. This can cause chest pain, shortness of breath, dizziness and sometimes fainting.

The condition generally causes no long-term effects on a person's heart health, Singh said.

Takotsubo typically affects older women, and has been linked to anxiety or stress, Singh said.

Singh said he and his colleagues decided to investigate this topic after treating a patient in their hospital who'd ingested marijuana and was found to be suffering from takotsubo.

The researchers analyzed data from a federal health care database, identifying more than 33,000 people who had been hospitalized with stress cardiomyopathy between 2003 and 2011 in the United States.

Of those patients, 210 were also identified as marijuana users, which amounts to less than 1 percent of all people identified with takotsubo.

The marijuana users with takotsubo were more likely to be younger and male, with few other heart risk factors, the researchers found.

"Most of these people who had used marijuana and had developed takotsubo were young men, which was completely diametrically opposite of what takotsubo is known for," Singh said.

Despite their age and relative heart health, the marijuana users were significantly more likely than non-users to go into cardiac arrest (2.4 percent versus 0.8 percent, respectively) and to require an implanted defibrillator to detect and correct dangerously abnormal heart rhythms (2.4 percent versus 0.6 percent, respectively).

"They should not be having these severe side effects like cardiac arrest," Singh said. "That's an alarming thing for people who ingested marijuana."

Looking at the entire database, Singh and his colleagues concluded that active marijuana use doubles the risk of takotsubo in young men.

Chemicals contained in marijuana are known to interact with systems that control or moderate stress hormones within the body, and could potentially explain this observation, Singh said.

Paul Armentano, deputy director of NORML, a group advocating reform of marijuana laws, said that takotsubo is extremely rare, and occurred in far fewer than 1 percent of the patients tracked in the health care database.

On the other hand, national data indicates more than 10 percent of Americans use marijuana, and as many as one-third of young adults aged 18 to 25 are users, Armentano said.

"Self-evidently, if cannabis consumption is a risk factor for this condition, it is a nearly insignificant risk factor," he said.
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BornAgain2



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PostPosted: Mon Nov 21, 2016 9:17 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

http://www.journalofaccountancy.c...=email&utm_campaign=21Nov2016
New marijuana laws create opportunities, risks for CPAs
Initiatives in eight states expanded recreational and medical use, but federal ban remains.

By Lindsay Patterson
11/21/16

Voters approved marijuana initiatives in eight of the nine states where the issue was on the ballot Nov. 8, allowing for the creation of new businesses that will need CPA services. However, because marijuana remains illegal at the federal level, CPAs will need to carefully consider potential risks associated with businesses operating in this industry.

California, Maine, Massachusetts, and Nevada approved the use of recreational marijuana, although voters in Arizona rejected a similar measure. Medical marijuana remains legal in that state, however. On the medical side, voters in Arkansas, Florida, and North Dakota approved legalizing medical marijuana, while voters in Montana approved expanding the state's existing medical marijuana program. Nationwide, 31 states and jurisdictions now have legal marijuana in some capacity.

Businesses in this industry are increasingly seeking CPA services, with some states—such as Arizona and Minnesota—mandating that marijuana retailers undergo an annual audit. At the same time, however, most state boards of accountancy have not issued official guidance as to whether providing services to these businesses would constitute a violation of the board's rules of professional conduct. Thus far, only state boards of accountancy in Arizona, Colorado, Connecticut, Florida, Maryland, Nevada, Oregon, and Washington have issued guidance.

Generally speaking, each of these boards has determined that providing accounting services to state-legal marijuana businesses is not itself an act discreditable. However,  a board could pursue disciplinary action against a licensee found guilty of a criminal act involving marijuana. A listing of each board's specific guidance is available here.

The AICPA has also developed resources for CPAs considering offering services to state-legal marijuana businesses, including the paper An Issue Brief on State Marijuana Laws and the CPA Profession, which will be updated in early 2017. AICPA Insights also published a recent blog post on the issue, and more tools are available on the AICPA website.

Lindsay Patterson is the AICPA's senior communications manager for state regulatory & legislative affairs. To comment on this article, contact Chris Baysden, senior manager of newsletters at the AICPA.
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BornAgain2



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PostPosted: Thu Dec 29, 2016 7:33 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

https://www.yahoo.com/beauty/cann...tion-united-states-182329065.html
12/28/16
Cannabis: teenage consumption increases following legalization in the United States

An American study has uncovered a shift in teenagers' consumption and perceptions of cannabis since the 2015 legalization of recreational use of the drug in the state of Washington.

According to researchers at UC Davis and Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, marijuana consumption among 13-14-year olds and 15-16-year olds increased respectively by two percent and four percent in the state of Washington since the introduction of the 2015 law authorizing recreational use of the drug.

The study also found that since legalization negative perceptions of marijuana among Washington teenagers in the same age categories had declined by 14% and 16% respectively.

In the United States, nine states have now authorized the recreational use of marijuana, while while 26 have legalized it for medical purposes. Most recently California, Nevada, Maine and Massachusetts voted to change their laws in November 2016. They join Colorado, which legalized in 2012, Oregon, Alaska and the State of Washington, which legalized in 2015, as well as the US capital Washington DC, which legalized in 2014.

Worrying impact on teenagers

In concrete terms, anyone over the age of 21 can now legally procure one ounce of marijuana for recreational use. The law also allows for the cultivation of six marijuana plants, provided they are not on public view. Retail sales from licensed vendors are permitted and taxed at 15 percent.

"While legalization for recreational purposes is currently limited to adults, potential impacts on adolescent marijuana use are of particular concern," points out Magdalena Cerdá, the author of the study which was published in Jama Pediatrics.

In view of the increasing number of states moving to legalize marijuana, the researchers argue that changes to the law should be accompanied by prevention programs that raise teenagers' awareness of the potential risks of marijuana.
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BornAgain2



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PostPosted: Wed Jan 04, 2017 6:04 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

http://www.sfgate.com/news/crime/...ardons-for-minor-pot-10832250.php
Vermont governor issues 192 pardons for minor pot crimes

Wilson Ring, Associated Press Updated 7:05 am, Wednesday, January 4, 2017

MONTPELIER, Vt. (AP) — Nearly 200 people had minor marijuana convictions wiped from their records Tuesday when Vermont Gov. Peter Shumlin issued pardons to those who he said were still facing stigma and "very real struggles" that often accompany drug convictions.

Shumlin, who leaves office Thursday, had urged people convicted of minor marijuana crimes prior to when the state decriminalized possession of small amounts of marijuana in 2013 to apply for the pardons.

His office received about 450 applications.

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PostPosted: Sun Feb 05, 2017 2:12 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

https://www.rt.com/news/376394-israel-medical-marijuana-export/
Smoke & ministers: Israel moves to allow medical marijuana exports
2/5/17

An Israeli government committee has given the first go-ahead for the country to export medical marijuana.

The green light came from a ministerial committee on Sunday, but the legislation could take months to get through parliament.

The measure could generate an estimated 1 billion shekels ($267 million) per year for Israel, according to some projections.

The bill aims to regulate and enable the exportation of cannabis in response to global demands for the plant from medical marijuana researchers and business owners.

“Today there are eight companies growing [marijuana] in Israel and there are dozens more requests from business owners wanting to practice, pending the relevant bodies,” read a government statement announcing the vote.

Marijuana is currently only allowed for medical use in Israel by special permission. Around 26,000 patients were approved to use cannabis by the Israeli Ministry of Health in 2016, with the number of licenses expected to double by 2018, the Times of Israel reported late last year.

The Israeli government announced recently plans to decriminalize home use and small-scale possession of marijuana, and allocated 8 million shekels to a dozen research programmes studying cannabis for medical use.

Last year, Israeli drugmaker Teva struck a deal with a Tel Aviv-based start-up to give patients a pocket-sized inhaler that delivers an individualized dose of marijuana.

In the US, 28 states have legalized marijuana for medical use, and the market is estimated to reach $50 billion over the next decade, according to Reuters.
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BornAgain2



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PostPosted: Mon Mar 06, 2017 6:55 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Israel gives green light to decriminalize marijuana use
3/5/17

The Israeli government voted on Sunday in favor of decriminalizing recreational marijuana use, joining some U.S. states and European countries who have adopted a similar approach.

"On the one hand we are opening ourselves up to the future. On the other hand, we understand the dangers and will try to balance the two," Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu told his cabinet in broadcast remarks.

According to the new policy, which must still be ratified by parliament, people caught smoking marijuana would be fined rather than arrested and prosecuted. Criminal procedures would be launched only against those caught repeatedly with the drug.

Selling and growing marijuana would remain criminal offences in Israel.

"Israel cannot shut its eyes to the changes being made across the world in respect to marijuana consumption and its effects," Justice Minister Ayelet Shaked said in a statement.

In the United States, 28 states have legalized marijuana for medical use and since 2012, several have also approved marijuana for recreational use.

Shaked said Israeli authorities would now put their focus on education about the possible harmful effects of drug use.

Marijuana use is fairly common in Israel. The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime has said that almost nine percent of Israelis use cannabis, though some Israeli experts believe the numbers are higher.

Israeli police figures showed only 188 people were arrested in 2015 for recreational use of marijuana, a 56 percent drop since 2010, and many of those apprehended in that time were never charged.

About 25,000 people have a license to use the drug for medicinal purposes in Israel, one of the world leaders in medical marijuana research.

In February, a government committee gave an initial nod for the export of medical cannabis, though final legislative measures will likely take months.

https://ca.news.yahoo.com/israel-...minalize-marijuana-131813185.html

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