Pestilence Watch * Ebola, SARS Pestilence Watch
EBOLA August 2012
Bird Flu outbreak concerns rattle nerves across the globe
January 12, 2012 INDIANA - The days of medical masks at airports and widespread panic may be coming back—that’s because at least 12 humans are believed to have been infected with a new strain of swine flu that’s not covered by this season’s vaccine. The new swine flu strain, H3N2v, has shown at least some potential for human-to-human transmission in those 12 individuals, which makes it especially dangerous. Between 2009 and mid-2010, more than 17,000 people died worldwide from the highly contagious H1N1 swine flu strain, leading the World Health Organization to call the strain a pandemic. The 12 people with the new swine flu strain live in Indiana, Iowa, Maine, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia. Officials for the Centers for Disease Control say the sample size of H3N2 infections is too small to know whether it will pose a threat to the population at large. “It’s a very small sample and it’s geographically spread, which makes it more difficult to get a handle on it,” says Jeffrey Dimond, a CDC spokesman. “Most of the cases have come through direct contact with the animals, through the 4H Club and that sort of thing.” In order to have a true threat of causing an epidemic or pandemic, Dimond says the virus needs to spread easily between humans. “If you’re in close contact with someone who’s ill, that’s one thing,” he says. “To make it like the pandemic flu of a few years ago, it has to be highly contagious from human to human.” H3N2v or another new flu strain could disrupt what CDC officials expected to be a relatively quiet flu season. Each year’s flu vaccine protects against specific strains of the virus that researchers expect to circulate. In October, Joe Bresee, chief of CDC’s influenza epidemiology and prevention branch, said he was confident this year’s vaccine would protect against the most dangerous flu strains. –U.S. News
Indonesia tallies 3rd victim of H5N1 in 90 days: Jakarta, Indonesia – A 24-year-old man has died from the bird flu in Jakarta, becoming the third Indonesian victim of the virus in three months. Tjandra Yoga Aditama, head of the Health Ministry’s communicable diseases department, confirmed the death and said tests showed that the man was infected with the H5N1 avian influenza virus from birds living around his house. “We have taken samples from birds around his home and are waiting for lab results to determine if they were infected with the virus,” he said. The World Health Organization reports that Indonesia experienced 150 deaths from bird flu between 2003 and 2011. –Gant Daily
H5N1 bird outbreak declared in district of India: Meghalaya government Wednesday confirmed that the samples of dead birds sent to Bhopal tested positive of bird-flu. “The government sent samples of birds died on the government-run farm at Williamnagar, to the Bhopal-High Security Animal Disease Laboratory have tested positive of H5N1,” Prashant Naik, principal secretary of Animal and Husbandry department told Nagaland Post. As soon as the laboratory informed about the reports, Wednesday evening, Meghalaya government alerted all district authorities. More than 3,000 poultry birds have died in the past few weeks on a farm in Williamnagar, the district headquarters of East Garo Hills district. We have asked the district administration to monitor health of all the birds and the movement of birds from the affected area has also been stopped,” Naik said. District administrations in the western part of Meghalaya, meanwhile, have imposed Section 144 CrPC banning movement and selling of poultry and poultry products after the confirmation of bird flu. “It has been decided to immediately commence the culling of birds and destruction of eggs and feed material to control further spread of the disease. The virus has been contained in the affected area,” Praveen Bakshi, district magistrate of East Garo Hills said. “The culling will start from tomorrow (Thursday) within a radius of three kilometres of the infected area,” Bakshi said, adding that movement of farm personnel, restricting access to wild and stray birds and stopping access to infected premises has been banned. In addition, surveillance has been ordered in surrounding areas up to 10 km. –Nagaland Post
DAILY NEWS with prophetic analysis
3 die of rare brain infection from amoeba in water
August, 2011 ATLANTA — Two children and a young man have died this summer from a brain-eating amoeba that lives in water.
The rare infection killed a 16-year-old Florida girl, who fell ill after swimming, and a 9-year-old Virginia boy, who died a week after he went to a fishing day camp. The boy had been dunked the first day of camp, his mother told the Richmond Times-Dispatch.
Those cases are consistent with past cases, which are usually kids — often boys — who get exposed to the bug while swimming or doing water sports in warm ponds or lakes.
The third case, in Louisiana, was more unusual. It was a young man whose death in June was traced to the tap water he used in a device called a neti pot. It's a small teapot-shaped container used to rinse out the nose and sinuses with salt water to relieve allergies, colds and sinus trouble.
Health officials later found the amoeba in the home's water system. The problem was confined to the house; it wasn't found in city water samples, said Dr. Raoult Ratard, Louisiana's state epidemiologist. The young man, who was only identified as in his 20s and from southeast Louisiana, had not been swimming nor been in contact with surface water, Ratard added.
He said only sterile, distilled, or boiled water should be used in neti pots.
The illness is extremely rare. About 120 U.S. cases — almost all of them deaths — have been reported since the amoeba was identified in the early 1960s, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
About three deaths are reported each year, on average. Last year, there were four.
There are no signs that cases are increasing, said Jonathan Yoder, who coordinates surveillance of waterborne diseases for the CDC.
The amoeba — Naegleria fowleri (nuh-GLEER-ee-uh FOWL-er-eye) — gets up the nose, burrows up into the skull and destroys brain tissue. It's found in warm lakes and rivers during the hot summer months, mostly in the South.
It's a medical mystery why some people who swim in amoeba-containing water get the fatal nervous system condition while many others don't, experts say.
But the cases that do occur tend to be tragic, and there's only been one report of successful treatment.
"It's very difficult to treat. Most people die from it," Ratard said.
Fears over outbreak after 12 infected with new swine flu strain in U.S.
1/12/12 Twelve Americans have been reported infected with a mutating and now possibly human-to-human transmitted form of the H1N1 Swine Flu virus called H3N2v.
An investigation undertaken by the U.S. Center for Disease Control and Prevention found that human infections of these viruses followed contact with swine as well as through 'limited human-to-human transmission.'
'While there is no evidence that sustained human-to-human transmission is occurring, all influenza viruses have the capacity to change and it's possible that this virus may become widespread,' the CDC explained through their website.
H1N1 deaths reported in Mexico and Greece
January 22, 2012 – MEXICO – An outbreak of A(H1N1) swine flu claimed the lives of two people — 19 and 21 years old — in Mexico’s capital in the first weeks of the year, health authorities said Saturday. The health secretary of Mexico’s Federal District, Armando Ahued, said there were 138 confirmed cases of the flu, including 110 cases of A(H1N1), a novel strain of the swine flu that was first detected in 2009. Nationwide, 333 cases of the virus have been confirmed, the federal government’s health secretary said earlier in the week, without saying how many deaths had been attributed to it. The latest victims were a 19-year-old and a 21-year-old who died in separate hospitals. “The tendency toward an increase in flu cases is normal because January is the month with the lowest temperatures,” said Ahued adding that the incidence of flu should begin to subside in February. The first outbreak of the A(H1N1) virus occurred in April, 2009 in Mexico and the United States, and quickly became a global pandemic that claimed the lives of 17,000 people. In Mexico alone, more than 1,250 people died. -AFP
Greece: A seven- month- old Libyan baby died in an Athens Children’s hospital on Friday in the first fatality linked to the H1N1 flu virus of the new year in Greece, local authorities reported. According to local media reports citing Greek doctors who treated the boy, he had been infected with the virus in Libya, where he was diagnosed with common flu and received insufficient therapy, before transferred to Greece. An Ukrainian woman who is being treated in another Greek hospital for pneumonia is the second severe case of the swine flu to be reported in the country this season. Last year deaths caused by the H1N1 virus in Greece climbed exceeded the 100 victims and many more patients were treated for complications caused by the virus which first emerged in 2009 in Asia and developed into a worldwide pandemic. Greek Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (KEELPNO) experts noted that Greece does not face a high risk so far this year, but suggested to people of vulnerable groups that reach up to 1.5 million persons in Greece, to get vaccinated. –CRI English
GREECE?!?! ding ding ding!
Take an IMF loan, seal the deaths of much of your population.
2009 Plague in Ukraine - TB, GENOCIDE and IMF Loans
29 reported dead in Swine Flu outbreak in MexicoMexico ups swine flu screening as cases increase
January 26, 2012 Three years after swine flu closed Mexico City and caused an international scare, the Mexican government and local media are at odds over the severity of this season's flu virus. Newspapers are warning of an alarming increase in cases while the government insists there is no cause for alarm.
Federal and state health officials agree there is an increase, but they say the number of cases is within the range of a normal flu season.
The Mexican health ministry, however, has listed confusing numbers on its website and it hasn't specified the rise in cases despite repeated requests from The Associated Press.
The federal education ministry said Wednesday that it was instituting screening measures in all elementary schools for the H1N1 flu strain, commonly called swine flu when the first outbreak was discovered in Mexico in March 2009. The ministry revised its message later to say screenings are in place only at schools where children exhibit symptoms.
MEXICO 29 reported dead in Swine Flu outbreak
January 29, 2012 – An ongoing swine flu outbreak in Mexico has left at least 29 people dead and nearly 1,500 others infected, health officials confirmed on Saturday. Thousands more are also ill as the country faces several types of flu this season. Since the start of the ongoing winter season, at least 7,069 people have reported suffering from symptoms similar to those of swine flu. Lab tests are still underway and have so far confirmed 1,456 cases of the disease, which is officially known as A/H1N1. According to Mexico’s Health Ministry (SSA), at least twenty-nine people have died of swine flu so far this season. While no health emergency has been declared, officials expect the death toll will rise in the coming weeks as Mexico also faces A/H3N2 and B influenza. The H1N1 influenza virus emerged in the Mexican state of Veracruz in April 2009 and quickly spread around the world, causing the World Health Organization (WHO) to declare a global flu pandemic in June 2009. At least 18,000 people have died of the disease since, although the actual number is believed to be far higher. In August 2010, the WHO declared that the swine flu pandemic was over. “In the post-pandemic period, influenza disease activity will have returned to levels normally seen for seasonal influenza,” the WHO said at the time. “It is expected that the pandemic virus will behave as a seasonal influenza A virus.” –Wire update (BNO News)
Map Shows Where in U.S. to Beware of Lyme Disease
Wisconsin, Minnesota, Illinois
February 3, 2012 HealthDay News - Areas in the United States where people have the highest risk of contracting Lyme disease are pinpointed in a new map created by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Lyme disease is one of the most rapidly emerging infectious diseases in North America. It's transferred by ticks and symptoms range from headaches, fever and a rash to arthritis and Bell's palsy, or damage to a facial nerve that can lead to temporary paralysis of the muscles on one side of the face.
The map shows that high infection risk is confined mainly to the Northeast and upper Midwest. There is a low risk in the South.
The map shows a clear risk of Lyme disease in large parts of the Northeast (including eastern Pennsylvania) from Maine going as far south as Maryland and northern Virginia.
The high risk area in the upper Midwest includes most of Wisconsin, a large part of northern Minnesota, and a small piece of northern Illinois.
Nepal and India Pestilence watch: Culling ordered after H5N1 virus discovered in
February 6, 2012 – NEPAL – Health workers in Nepal are to cull thousands of chickens following the discovery of the H5N1 strain of bird flu in the southeastern part of the Himalayan country. “We sent samples for investigation to London after chickens started to die of a mysterious disease in commercial poultry farms,” said Ram Krishna Khatiwada, of the government’s Directorate of Animal Health. “We have received the test reports today that confirms infection of bird flu in poultry farms in Khanar and Ithari of the Sunsari district.” Bird flu has also been confirmed in the eastern hills of Panchathar district and the tea-producing area of Ilam, Katiwada told AFP, adding that surveillance of farms was to be stepped up and 4000 chickens would be killed in the affected areas. “There has not been infection to humans in the area so far. Some have complained of itching and vomiting but that is only panic. We will get the situation under control in one or two days.” Nepal’s first reported outbreak of bird flu in poultry was in January 2009 in the eastern part of the country. The virus reached the capital Kathmandu for the first time in December last year, with health workers culling hundreds of chickens and ducks. If it spreads to humans, bird flu can cause fever, cough, sore throat, pneumonia, respiratory disease and sometimes death. –News
India: In Odisha, about 20,000 birds have been culled in a farm of Central Poultry Development Organization (CPDO) at Bhubaneswar following detection of avian flu H5N1 virus. Culling operation will resume today in the CPDO farm and the rapid response teams formed for the culling operation plans to cull rest of the 9,000 birds in the farm. AIR correspondent reports a huge pit has been dug to bury the culled birds and elaborate arrangements have been made for disinfecting the area. Five more rapid response teams have been engaged for creating awareness among the people in Bhubaneswar. The culling operation was launched after the Odisha government received an advisory from the Centre to eliminate poultry birds at the CPDO farm and three km radius area around it. The culling operation in other areas of Bhubaneswar is likely to be completed in five to six days. The H5N1 virus was reported at the farm after culling took place at Keranga in Khordha district and Betanati in Mayurbhanj district of Odisha last month. CPDO had sent samples to the High Security Animal Disease Laboratory (HSADL) in Bhopal, which confirmed the detection of bird flu virus. –News on Air
Britain * Freezing weather causes outbreak of norovirus
February 7, 2012 – LONDON – The freezing weather has caused a national outbreak of the winter vomiting bug, it has emerged. Health experts are worried that outbreaks of norovirus, which causes violent sickness and diarrhea, could affect many more people if the icy conditions persist. Over the past fortnight, there have been reports of norovirus at 34 hospitals, of which 19, half have been confirmed as the bug. Wards have been forced to close and visiting hours restricted at 23 hospitals over the past two weeks. Around a million people each year are affected by the virus, which can spread rapidly in hospitals, residential care homes and schools. Louise Brown, spokesperson for the Health Protection Agency, which released the latest report, said: ‘It is believed to be connected with cold weather – that is why it is called the winter vomiting bug. There have been a worrying 581 cases reported since the start of October, with 392 (67 per cent) leading to ward closures. “The numbers this year are so far a little lower than normal – but this could change in the weeks ahead if the icy conditions continue.” Ms Brown said: ‘The current figures are well within seasonal norms and actually down on the average between 2006 and 2010.’ But with the chilly weather forecast to stay in place until the end of the month, people have been warned to be careful, as the bug can spread rapidly. Experts advised people to wash hands thoroughly and regularly, particularly after using the toilet and before eating. –Daily Mail
3 wards closed in UAE from outbreaks: A report has unveiled that norovirus outbreak has reoccurred at the Royal Berkshire Hospital. It is being said that the outbreak has caused the closure of three wards at the hospital so as to prevent the disease from spreading further in the hospital. It has been found by the report that the hospital staff has closed three more wards wherein the norovirus has again assaulted some patients. As per a previous report, three wards were kept shut by the hospital previously when the outbreak had taken place. Three of its wards have again been shut by the staff so as to prevent the virus from victimizing any more patients or visitors. Norovirus is a winter vomiting bug that is highly contagious and risks patients with depleted immune systems to a high extent. Thus, the wards had been kept shut for minimum 72 hours. It is being said that the virus had attacked patients last week in two wards of hospital, which have now been reopened. While a third ward that was victimized by the virus would be opened within next 24 hours. All three wards were closed for any new admissions or parents or friends of patients. –Arab News
Vietnam Pestilence watch: fears ignited in after H5N1 mutation discovered
February 10, 2012 – VIETNAM – Vietnam is at a high risk of a large-scale outbreak of bird flu without drastic preventive measures in the near future, the country’s Department of Animal Health has warned. Bird flu has been reported in four communes in three provinces of Quang Tri, Thanh Hoa and Soc Trang over the past month, affecting nearly 1,700 poultry and forcing the killing of more than 4,000 domestic fowls, said the department’s deputy head Pham Van Dong at a meeting of the Steering Committee for Bird Flu Prevention and Control. A number of poultry suspected of catching the disease have started to appear in other localities such as Nghe An, Bac Lieu, Kien Giang, Ha Noi and Thai Nguyen. The outbreak has also resulted in two human deaths in the Cuu Long (Mekong) Delta’s Soc Trang and Kien Giang Provinces. The Health Ministry warned of a possible large-scale outbreak of bird flu if the three affected provinces could not keep the disease under control while unfavorable weather conditions, transport and slaughtering of poultry posed a high risk. The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development urged localities to immediately vaccinate poultry, increase supervision and tighten management of farms, businesses, markets and slaughtering houses. Minister Cao Duc Phat ordered cities and provinces across the country to take urgent measures to prevent a resurgence of bird flu. A mutation of the H5N1 virus has been discovered in the northern region and existing vaccines do not offer protection against the mutant strain, Hoang Van Nam, head of the Animal Health Department, warned. The ministry has called on related agencies to quickly find a new vaccine to replace the existing one. –World Poultry
Bangladesh * Health warnings issued in Bangladesh from deadly outbreak of Nipah virus
February 13, 2012 – An outbreak of the Nipah virus in northern Bangladesh has killed 30 people since the start of 2011, prompting national health warnings against the fatal pathogen spread by fruit bats. Everyone who got infected, died. “Only by stopping the consumption of the raw sap, can this disease be stopped. Despite our many attempts at raising awareness, people are ignoring the warnings and as a result, are getting infected,” warned Health Minister A.F.M. Ruhal Haque. Palm tree sap, often served fresh, is a popular drink in rural areas. Six people from the northern Joypurhat District have died thus far in 2012 and 24 during the same period in 2011. “In the last two years, the mortality rate has been 100 percent. Once the disease sets in, nothing much can be done,” Mahmudur Rahman, director of the non-governmental Dhaka-based Institute of Epidemiology, Disease Control and Research (IEDCR), told IRIN. Named after the Malaysian village where the disease cross-over from pigs to humans was first discovered, Nipah virus (NiV) was diagnosed in people in 1998 in Malaysia and Singapore, then 2001 in Bangladesh. Since then there have been 10 outbreaks in Bangladesh, killing 157 of 208 infected persons, according to IEDCR. Flu-like symptoms include fever and muscle pain. Brain tissue inflammation (encephalitis) may follow, which can lead to disorientation, coma and death. According to scientists from IEDCR and the International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, the primary reservoir for the NiV is fruit bats. Infected bats’ droppings, urine and saliva contaminate fruit trees, mostly date palms in Bangladesh. Humans become infected when they drink contaminated raw sap or fruits, or come into contact with infected animals. Ninety percent of infected people from 1998-2008 were pig farmers or had come into contact with infected pigs, according to World Health Organization (WHO). Medical studies have reported possible human-to-human transmission through sneezing, coughing and body fluids. –Irin News
Mexico swine flu deaths reach 81
February 13, 2012 – MEXICO CITY – Eighty-one people have so far died of swine flu in Mexico this year, while at least 3,522 have been infected with the virus, health officials said. From Jan 1 till Feb 9, there have been 3,882 confirmed flu cases, the health secretariat said in a statement. Three seasonal viruses are currently active in Mexico — AH1N1, AH3N2 and influenza B. The AH1N1 — or swine flu — has been the predominant one, with 91 per cent of the infections. The AH1N1 virus broke out in Mexico in March-April 2009. By June 2010, around 1,300 deaths had occurred and more than 70,000 people had contracted the disease. –Times of India
BRITAIN * Incurable virus killing thousands of lambs in UK
February 19, 2012 – A new virus is causing lambs to be born with deformities so severe that they die within seconds. It is thought midges brought the Schmallenberg virus to Britain from continental Europe last autumn. The foetuses of newly-pregnant ewes bitten by the insects often fail to develop properly. At Mayfield Farm near Mildenhall in Suffolk, 75 of the 1,700 lambs born so far this year were affected. “In a ewe that was carrying twins, she would have a job lambing it. You would have to pull it out,” said farmer Clive Sleightholme. “The legs were fused together and tucked underneath, its head was angular, not formed properly. They had undershot jaws and they weren’t fleshed out properly but nearly every one was alive when it was pulled out but only lived seconds up to a minute.” The Schmallenberg virus, which is not thought to cause risk to humans, was first identified in Germany in November (Stuttgart: A0Z24E – news). There have also been cases in Belgium, France and the Netherlands. Vet Toby Kemble has already seen deformed lambs at eight out of 10 sheep farms he has been to in north Norfolk this year. It’s concerning for the farmer, from their point of view they are losing lambs and losing productivity but it’s very upsetting seeing the lambs,” he said. So far the majority of confirmed cases have been in Suffolk and Norfolk. But farms in Kent, East Sussex, Essex and Hertfordshire have also been affected. And in West Sussex the virus has been found not just in sheep but also cattle. Most lambs and calves are born in the spring so for many farmers it is a waiting game. “It’s a new virus so we just don’t know what’s going to happen,” said Mr. Kemble. “It may be we have seen the peak already but what we may be seeing is the tip of the iceberg and it’s just going to get worse and worse.” –Yahoo UK
Experts fear diseases 'impossible to treat'
Alarming rise in bacteria resistant to antibiotics, Government report finds
20 Feb 2012
Britain is facing a "massive" rise in antibiotic-resistant blood poisoning caused by the bacterium E.coli – bringing closer the spectre of diseases that are impossible to treat.
Experts say the growth of antibiotic resistance now poses as great a threat to global health as the emergence of new diseases such as Aids and pandemic flu.
Professor Peter Hawkey, a clinical microbiologist and chair of the Government's antibiotic-resistance working group, said that antibiotic resistance had become medicine's equivalent of climate change.
The "slow but insidious growth" of resistant organisms was threatening to turn common infections into untreatable diseases, he said. Already, an estimated 25,000 people die each year in the European Union from antibiotic-resistant bacterial infections.
"It is a worldwide issue – there are no boundaries," he said. "We have very good policies on the use of antibiotics in man and in animals in the UK. But we are not alone. We have to think globally." Between 2005 and 2009 the incidence of E.coli "bacteraemias" [the presence of bacteria in the blood] rose by 30 per cent, from 18,000 to over 25,000 cases. Those resistant to antibiotics have risen from 1 per cent at the beginning of the century to 10 per cent.
This has been true for several years .. it is not a new problem.
Its UK and USA both.
The weaponized flu doesn't concern me it is the civil-military waiting to be deployed for the event around the globe that concerns me.
England * Thousands of lambs killed by a new virus
25 Feb 2012 The Schmallenberg virus causes lambs to be born dead or with serious deformities such as fused limbs and twisted necks, which mean they cannot survive.
Scientists are urgently trying to find out how the disease, which also affects cattle, spreads and how to fight it, as the number of farms affected increases by the day.
So far, 74 farms across southern and eastern England have been hit by the virus, which arrived in this country in January.
A thousand farms in Europe have reported cases since the first signs of the virus were seen in the German town of Schmallenberg last summer.
The National Farmers Union has called it a potential “catastrophe” and warned farmers to be vigilant. “This is a ticking time bomb,” said Alastair Mackintosh, of the NFU. “We don’t yet know the extent of the disease. We only find out the damage when sheep and cows give birth, and by then it’s too late.”
Carriers increasing? Scientists find flu virus in bats for the first time- risks to humans unclear
February 27, 2012 – ATLANTA - For the first time, scientists have found evidence of flu in bats, reporting a never-before-seen virus whose risk to humans is unclear. The surprising discovery of genetic fragments of a flu virus is the first well-documented report of it in the winged mammals. So far, scientists haven’t been able to grow it, and it’s not clear if – or how well – it spreads. Flu bugs are common in humans, birds and pigs and have even been seen in dogs, horses, seals and whales, among others. About five years ago, Russian virologists claimed finding flu in bats, but they never offered evidence. “Most people are fairly convinced we had already discovered flu in all the possible” animals, said Ruben Donis, a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention scientist who co-authored the new study. Scientists suspect that some bats caught flu centuries ago and that the virus mutated within the bat population into this new variety. Scientists haven’t even been able to grow the new virus in chicken eggs or in human cell culture, as they do with more conventional flu strains. But it still could pose a threat to humans. For example, if it mingled with more common forms of influenza, it could swap genes and mutate into something more dangerous, a scenario at the heart of the global flu epidemic movie “Contagion.” The research was posted online Monday in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. The CDC has an international outpost in Guatemala, and that’s where researchers collected more than 300 bats in 2009 and 2010. The research was mainly focused on rabies, but the scientists also checked specimens for other germs and stumbled upon the new virus. It was in the intestines of little yellow-shouldered bats, said Donis, a veterinarian by training. These bats eat fruit and insects but don’t bite people. Yet it’s possible they could leave the virus on produce and a human could get infected by taking a bite. It’s conceivable some people were infected with the virus in the past. Now that scientists know what it looks like, they are looking for it in other bats as well as humans and other animals, said Donis, who heads the Molecular Virology and Vaccines Branch in the CDC’s flu division. –Physics
RUSSIA * Outbreak of ASF reported in Republic of Karelia
February 28, 2012 – African Swine Fever has been identified on a private farm in the republic of Karelia following the death of eight animals. The study of pathological material taken from the dead pigs, revealed the presence of African Swine Fever. Preliminary results of the investigation stated that the most likely source of infection is from pre-fabricated food waste from the district hospitals and kindergartens. Are all the necessary arrangements have been made for the localization of infection and prevention of further spread of the disease? –TPS
NEW MEXICO * 32 dogs euthanized in large rabies outbreak
March 1, 2012 – Dozens of pet dogs around one New Mexico city have had to be euthanized since December because they were exposed to rabid animals and hadn’t been vaccinated, the state’s health department said Wednesday. In addition to the 32 dogs that were euthanized, livestock and at least one cat also had to be put down in the Carlsbad area. In an outbreak documented by state health officials in Eddy County, 22 skunks, one dog and one fox have tested positive for rabies, state health officials announced in a news release. Twelve people in the county have received medicine for post-rabies exposure.“This is one of the most concentrated outbreaks of rabies that has been seen in New Mexico for decades,” Dr. Paul Ettestad, the health department’s public health veterinarian said in a statement. “Everyone should encourage their family and their neighbors to have their pets vaccinated against rabies to protect their community.”
Wyoming Outbreak of kidney failure linked to designer drug
March 2, 2012 - Three young people have been hospitalized with kidney failure and a dozen others sickened in Casper, Wyoming, in an outbreak linked to a batch of the designer drug Spice.
State medical officials said the cause of the outbreak was under investigation but reported that Casper residents who have sought medical treatment for vomiting and back pain had recently smoked or ingested a chemical-laced herbal product packaged as "blueberry spice."
The illnesses reported by physicians and hospitals in the east central Wyoming city beginning on Sunday had added up to a cluster that alarmed health officials by the end of the week.
"At this point, we are viewing use of this drug as a potentially life-threatening situation," Tracy Murphy, Wyoming state epidemiologist, said in a statement.
Those who have fallen ill range in age from late teens to early 20s and all used blueberry-flavored spice, said Bob Herrington, director of the Casper-Natrona County Health Department.
South Africa Outbreak of Newcastle disease reported
March 13, 2012 – SOUTH AFRICA – An outbreak of Newcastle disease has killed more than 170 chickens in the North West, the provincial department of agriculture and rural development said on Friday. The outbreak in the Greater Taung Local municipality, Dr Ruth Segomotsi Mompati District has so far caused the death of about 140 chickens – belonging to five farmers – in the Pudimoe village, said spokeswoman Bonolo Mohlakoana in a statement. Additional cases were reported in Leshobo village where more than 25 chickens were reported dead within a week, according to IOL News. Agriculture MEC Boitumelo Tshwene has expressed his concern to the department’s state veterinarians and urged farmers to report any mortality cases immediately. “There is no need however, for other poultry farmers in the province to panic since measures have been taken to control the spread of the outbreak, in that the trading and movement of chickens and turkeys or their products within or between the affected villages is currently prohibited,” he said. Ms. Mohlakoana said vets would go to the affected areas on Friday to start a vaccination program. “There is no treatment for Newcastle disease currently, therefore prevention through vaccination is important,” she said. Newcastle disease is a contagious and fatal disease caused by a virus that affects domestic birds (chickens and turkeys) as well wild birds. -TPS
UGANDA * Mysterious ‘zombie’ disease afflicts thousands of children
March 21, 2012 Agnes Apio has to tie up her son Francis before she can leave the house. In his state, he is a danger to himself. Where once he walked and talked like a normal child, now he is only able to drag himself along in the dirt. Francis is suffering from “Nodding Disease,” a brain disorder that, according to CNN, afflicts at least 3,000 children in northern Uganda, leaving them physically stunted and severely mentally disabled.
“I feel dark in my heart,” Apio says as waves flies away from her son’s face and mops up his urine after a seizure, “This boy has become nothing.”
“Reportedly the children gnaw at their fabric restraints, like a rabid animals,” says The Daily Tech. The article calls them “zombie children,” having “no cure” and “no future.”
First the victims become restless, can’t concentrate. They say they have trouble thinking. Then comes the nodding, an uncontrollable dipping of the head that presages the disease’s debilitating epilepsy-like seizures. It is this nodding motion that gives the illness its name.
AFRICA * Drug-resistant malaria is spreading and it could be a public health disaster
April 6, 2012 – Malaria remains one of the world’s great unnecessary killers. More than 650,000 people succumb to the disease each year — that’s more than one per minute — mostly in the poor nations of sub-Saharan Africa, but as deadly as malaria is, it doesn’t have to kill. Prevention and better treatment can stop the progression of the disease, and death tends to be a matter of extreme poverty. Indeed, in recent years great progress has been made in controlling malaria, with deaths down 30% over the past decade. That’s thanks largely to more effective treatment regimens that make use of artemisinin, a plant-derived antimalarial drug originally developed in China. Artemisinin is the closest thing we have to a miracle drug for malaria. That’s what makes the results of two studies out this week in the Lancet and Science so disturbing. Health officials have known for a while that some malaria parasites in the Southeast Asian nation of Cambodia have begun to develop resistance to artemisinin, but they hoped the resistance wasn’t spreading. Now researchers in the region have shown that artemisinin is becoming dramatically less potent in malaria cases in western Thailand, and they know it’s due to growing drug resistance in the malaria parasites themselves. If resistance to artemisinin were to spread to sub-Saharan Africa, the result could be a “public health disaster,” in the words of lead Lancet author Standwell Nkhoma of the Texas Biomedical Research Institute. Artemisinin-resistant malaria parasites first emerged in Cambodia in 2006, which led to an international effort to control malaria and contain resistant strains there. But scientists in the Lancet study looked at more than 3,000 patients who were treated at malaria clinics in northwestern Thailand between 2001 and 2010. The researchers — including staff from Texas Biomed, Mahidol University in Bangkok and the Centre for Tropical Medicine at Oxford — found that it took longer and longer for malaria parasites to be cleared during treatment, a sign of growing resistance. Molecular analysis of the malaria parasites showed that this resistance to treatment was due to a genetic trait — the parasites were adapting to artemisinin, just as they had in Cambodia. “Genetically determined artemisinin resistance in the parasite emerged along the Thailand-Myanmar [Burma] border at least eight years ago and has since increased substantially,” the authors wrote in the Lancet paper. “At this rate of increase, resistance will reach rates reported in western Cambodia in two to six years.” -Time
19 U.S. states report Salmonella outbreak
April 8, 2012 – Federal and state health officials are investigating a salmonella outbreak in 19 states and the District of Columbia, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The CDC reports 93 people in 19 states and the District of Columbia have been sickened by an unusual strain of the bacteria called salmonella Bareilly. So far 10 people have been hospitalized, but no deaths have been reported, according to health officials. The first case of this particular food-borne illness was reported on January 28. The most recent case was reported Monday. “CDC is collaborating with public health officials in several states and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to investigate a multistate outbreak of salmonella serotype Bareilly infections,” CDC spokeswoman Lola Russell said in a statement. News of the investigation surfaced late Tuesday when an internal memo was inadvertently sent to everyone at the FDA, according to FDA spokesman Curtis Allen. He says the memo speculates about a possible source of contamination — sushi — but he says the FDA doesn’t know the origins of the outbreak at this time. According to the CDC, state public health officials are interviewing those who became ill to find out what they may have eaten and been exposed to in the week before they got sick. This is how investigations into food-borne illnesses are typically conducted. Russell said in “initial interviews, many of the ill persons reported consuming sushi, sashimi, or similar foods in a variety of locations in the week before becoming ill.” However, it is still early in the investigation. According to the CDC, consumers are not being told to avoid any particular food or restaurants. Once a particular food is identified for this outbreak, the public will be notified, according to a CDC statement. Consumers are advised to contact their doctor if they believe they became ill from eating potentially contaminated food.
Vietnam baffled by mystery fever disease
April 20, 2012 Vietnam has asked the World Health Organisation to help investigate a mystery disease that has killed 19 people and left 171 others sick.
Le Han Phong, chairman of the People's Committee in Ba To district in Quang Ngai province, said patients first experience a rash on their hands and feet along with high fever, loss of appetite and eventually organ failure.
He said nearly 100 people remain in hospital, including 10 in critical condition. Patients with milder symptoms are being treated at home.
Mr Phong said the first case was detected last year and that the disease had died down until a spate of new infections were recently reported, mostly in one impoverished village.
A Ministry of Health investigation was inconclusive.
Pertussis: Whooping cough outbreak strikes Washington state
May 4, 2012 More than 1,100 cases of whooping cough have already been diagnosed this year in the state, nearly doubling the number seen in typical peak years.
Washington state is gearing up for one of the worst epidemics of pertussis in nearly 70 years. Pertussis, also known as whooping cough, is a highly contagious bacterial infection that causes a nasty cough. It is particularly dangerous for young infants.
Public health officials have confirmed more than 1,100 cases of whooping cough so far this year in the state. Thankfully, no deaths have been reported this year, but 20 infants have been hospitalized with the illness.
Washington's Gov. Christine Gregoire announced May 3 that state emergency funds would be available to provide free vaccinations and help spread awareness about the disease and the importance of getting vaccinated.
In the U.S., most kids receive a series of vaccines against whooping cough at the age of 2 months. But some kids don't get immunized, either because their parents object or they are unaware of the importance of vaccines.
Outbreaks of pertussis are not uncommon, but they do tend to run in cycles. Tim Church, a spokesman for the Washington state Health Department, said the current epidemic is running well above typical peak years in the past, when 500 to 600 cases might be reported in a year.
Mad cow case confirmed in California
4/24/12 The United States Department of Agriculture confirmed Tuesday that it found a case of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) in a dairy cow from central California.
The infected cow was found as part of a "targeted surveillance system," says John Clifford, the USDA's chief veterinary officer. This is the nation's fourth confirmed case of the ailment commonly known as mad cow disease, which can be fatal to humans who eat parts of the animal infected.
"The animal was never presented for slaughter for human consumption, so it at no time presented a risk to the food supply or human health. Additionally, milk does not transmit BSE," Clifford said. The cow was found at a "rendering plant," which takes sickly or discarded animal meat and recycles it into inedible products.
The animal tested positive for atypical BSE, a very rare form of the disease not generally associated with an animal consuming infected feed.
Just saw lots of radiation across Pacific NW
PAKISTAN - Collateral damage?: Measles outbreak kills 12 children in Waziristan
May 15th, 2012 The Express Tribune
MIRAMSHAH: A measles outbreak has killed 12 children in the North Waziristan tribal region and is spreading as fighting, power cuts and curfews cause a vaccine shortage, doctors said on Monday.
North Waziristan, which is infamous for its alleged Taliban and al Qaeda sanctuaries, is frequently hit by US drone strikes.
“For the past three weeks we are daily receiving five to 10 children suffering from measles,” said Dr Muhammad Ali Shah, chief of the agency headquarters hospital in Miramshah. He would normally see only one or two deaths a year from the disease, he said.
But another doctor, Mohammad Sadiq, said 12 children and a man had died from measles in the last three weeks, and that there were up to 70 confirmed cases in hospital.
The UN children’s agency UNICEF said there had been 143 measles alerts this year in the seven tribal agencies of the country.
The measles virus is highly contagious and can be fatal, but can easily be prevented by proper immunisation.
Mysterious disease outbreak in Nepal
17 May 2012 Kathmandu - Around 200 people at Neta of Arman Village Development Committee in Myagdi district in western Nepal were sickened by an unidentified disease in the last four days, local media reported.
The disease affected a majority of 50 families in Neta, said Harka Bahadur Chhantyal, a local resident.
The sick suffered from shaking body, fever and unconsciousness, he added.
Elderly people and children have been mostly affected by the disease.
The villagers have been panic-stricken owing to the rapid spread of the disease, said Chhantyal, who is also the teacher of local Mangala Higher Secondary School.
A second case of flesh-eating bacteria has been reported in South Carolina as a Georgia woman continues to battle the same kind of infection.
Lana Kuykendall, 36, is in critical condition fighting a similar infection, her husband says. Doctors have removed skin and tissue from her legs. She is on a ventilator.
In Augusta, Georgia, meanwhile, 24-year-old Aimee Copeland continues to battle a flesh-eating bacteria. Doctors already have amputated her leg and removed part of her abdomen. Her father says doctors probably will amputate her fingers to halt the bacteria's spread.
Copeland contracted the flesh-devouring bacteria Aeromonas hydrophila when she fell from a zip line May 1 and cut her leg. The gash required 22 staples, but days later, still in pain, she returned to the hospital, where doctors diagnosed her with necrotizing fasciitis.
KENYA, Africa - Disease outbreak in Homabay leaves 12 cattle dead
May 21 2012 Farmers in Rangwe Division of Homa Bay District have lost 12 cattle following acute outbreak of Black quarter disease.
The farmers expressed concern saying curing the disease among their cattle has become a nightmare.
They said the death of the cattle has caused an enormous loss in their economy owing to the fact that cattle keeping is regarded as a major investment among the area residents. The farmers are worried that the situation may aggravate if precautionary measures are not taken early enough.
They appealed to the government to intervene promptly and carry out preventive measures for curbing further deaths of cattle.
Area District Veterinary Officer Alexander Baboon confirmed the outbreak saying that Black quarter is one the dangerous diseases that can claim lives of many livestock within a short duration.
Baboon assured area residents that the government would undertake massive vaccination of animals to combat further spread of the disease in the affected areas.
He called upon farmers to co-operate with Veterinary Officers in a vaccination exercise scheduled for Tuesday May 22. The Officer said the exercise is expected to continue for a period of seven days in Rangwe and Asego Divisions where trace of the disease has been experienced.
He called upon farmers to present their animals for vaccination in the designated places adding that it would be offered free of charge.
Baboon attributed the bacterial disease to prevalent dirty water that has resulted from heavy rains experienced in the region. He told the farmers to be calm as he is making all possible efforts to arrest the situation.
GEORGIA USA - Flesh-Eating Bacteria Struck Milledgeville Man
The family of Paul Bales tells us today he's recovering and resting after doctors partially amputated his left leg, which was infected with the flesh-eating bacteria.
Wednesday evening, Mike Bales told 13WMAZ that his father, Paul Bales (see slideshow) was out of surgery and in stable condition after his left leg was amputated below the knee.
He said his dad lives on Lake Sinclair near Milledgeville and injured his leg when he slipped and fell on his dock May 2.
Mike Bales says doctors have told the family that his father suffers from necrotizing fasciitis, the same flesh-eating bacteria that struck north Georgia student Aimee Copeland and at least two other Georgians.
Anthrax reported on northern Colombia farms
One person has skin lesions and 16 animals have died in an anthrax outbreak in northern Colombia, near the Venezuelan border.
A notification on the website for the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) said the outbreak has affected two farms in the department of La Guajira. Colombia's Agriculture Ministry sent the information to the OIE on May 28.
The source of the deadly bacteria has not yet been determined, the report said. One of the affected populations "belongs to an indigenous community in the department of La Guajira," the notice states.
"The community has been informed of the protocol to be applied to dispose of the carcasses, mainly the fact that, under no circumstances, the dead animals must be neither manipulated nor consumed," the report said.
Humans commonly contract anthrax through close contact with infected animals or eating ones that have died from the disease.
"Susceptible species are being vaccinated. An intense epidemiological surveillance is being conducted in the area together with the public health authorities," the notification continued.
SCOTLAND - Six people in intensive care after outbreak of Legionnaires’ disease
05 Jun 2012 Six people are in hospital and a further four are receiving medical attention after an outbreak of Legionnaires’ disease in Edinburgh.
NHS Lothian is investigating four confirmed and four suspected cases of the Legionella bacteria in the Gorgie, Dalry, and Saughton areas of the capital.
Six men are being treated in hospitals throughout Lothian. Five of the men are in intensive care units while the sixth is in a high dependency unit.
A further four cases, as yet unconfirmed, are also being probed.
All ten cases are linked geographically to the Dalry, Gorgie and Saughton areas of Edinburgh.
The source of the outbreak is being investigated by officials from Edinburgh Council's Environmental Health Department and the Health and Safety Executive who are concentrating on the south-west Edinburgh area.
Steps are being taken to treat cooling towers in the area as a precaution until the source is located.
Dona Milne, acting director of Public Health and Health Policy for NHS Lothian, said: "We have four confirmed cases of Legionnaires' disease which all seem to come from the same point source in the South West of Edinburgh.
"Anybody who develops symptoms of Legionnaires' disease should contact NHS 24 immediately or go to their GP.
"The safety of the public is our number one priority and we would urge people to look out for the symptoms of this disease.”
Duncan McCormick, consultant in public health for NHS Lothian said: "Investigations into the possible source of this outbreak are on-going and we continue to urge anyone who develops symptoms of Legionnaires disease to contact NHS 24 or go to their GP."
The cases currently under investigation arose between May 28 and Monday, June 4. All GP surgeries in Lothian are open on Monday but some will be closed on Tuesday for the Jubilee holiday.
Legionella bacteria is commonly found in sources of water, such as rivers and lakes but can also enter artificial supply systems such as air conditioning devices, hot and cold water facilities, and cooling towers. The bacteria have the potential to spread rapidly once they have entered a water system.
Legionnaires' disease is contracted by breathing in small droplets of contaminated water. The condition is not contagious and cannot be spread directly from person to person.
Symptoms usually begin within three to six days of contraction. They often originate as mild headaches and muscular pain before escalating to more severe symptoms including high fever, intense muscle pain, and chills. Once the bacteria infect the lungs, the sufferer will experience a persistent cough – dry at first but later bringing up mucus and even blood – shortness of breath, and chest pains.
There is also a risk of nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, and loss of appetite, while around half of those who contract Legionnaires' disease will also suffer changes to their mental state, such as confusion.
WHO warns of growing drug resistance in sexually transmitted gonorrhea that infect millions
06 Jun 2012 GENEVA - A sexually transmitted disease that infects millions of people each year is growing resistant to drugs and could soon become untreatable, the World Health Organization said Wednesday.
The U.N. health agency is urging governments and doctors to step up surveillance of antibiotic-resistant gonorrhea, a bacterial infection that can cause inflammation, infertility, pregnancy complications and, in extreme cases, lead to maternal death. Babies born to mothers with gonorrhea have a 50 percent chance of developing eye infections that can result in blindness.
"This organism has basically been developing resistance against every medication we've thrown at it," said Dr. Manjula Lusti-Narasimhan, a scientist in the agency's department of sexually transmitted diseases. This includes a group of antibiotics called cephalosporins currently considered the last line of treatment.
"In a couple of years it will have become resistant to every treatment option we have available now," she told The Associated Press in an interview ahead of WHO's public announcement on its `global action plan' to combat the disease.
NE INDIA * 27 children die of mysterious disease
Patna, June 5, 2012, DHNS:
With three more deaths reported on Tuesday, altogether 27 children have died so far in the last 11 days in Muzaffarpur and Gaya due to a mysterious disease. It is suspected that most of the children have succumbed to brain-fever, also called encephalitis, but the health department officials in Bihar have not confirmed the cause of the death yet.
“It is yet to be confirmed whether the deaths are due to encephalitis or any other ailment,” said Dr SP Singh, Director-in-chief, Health Services. Singh has sought a detailed report from the civil surgeons of the two districts.
Meanwhile, Health Commissioner Amarjit Sinha rushed to Muzaffarpur on Tuesday and took stock of the alarming situation. Altogether 19 children have died in the district due to ‘brain fever’. He assured the parents that those children admitted in Muzaffarpur hospitals would be shifted to Patna for best possible treatment.
China faces 'serious' epidemic of drug-resistant TB
June 2012 China faces a "serious epidemic" of drug-resistant tuberculosis according to the first-ever nationwide estimate of the size of the problem there, said a new US-published study.
"In 2007, one third of the patients with new cases of tuberculosis and one half of the patients with previously treated tuberculosis had drug-resistant disease," said the study in the New England Journal of Medicine.
Even more, the prevalence of multi-drug resistant (MDR) TB in new cases (5.7 percent) was nearly twice the global average, said the study.
Using World Health Organization figures as a basis for comparison, "China has the highest annual number of cases of MDR tuberculosis in the world -- a quarter of the cases worldwide," it added.
"China has a serious epidemic of drug-resistant tuberculosis."
The data came from a survey of more than 4,600 Chinese people who were recently diagnosed or treated for TB.
In Brief: DRC cholera outbreak worsens
KINSHASA, 8 June 2012 (IRIN) - A growing cholera outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo has claimed nearly 400 lives and affected more than 19,100 people since January, according to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).
"The total number of cholera cases in 2012 is around 90 percent of cases reported last year. Since January 2011, 983 people have died from the outbreak affecting eight of 11 provinces of the country," Yvon Edoumou, OCHA spokesman, told a news conference.
Since the outbreak started, more than 40,795 cases have been reported. Edoumou said the growing epidemic had put a strain on ongoing humanitarian interventions funded mainly by a US$9.1 million grant by the UN Central Emergency Response Fund, which provides rapid response grants for humanitarian emergencies.
Experts have blamed the continued spread of cholera in the DRC on poor hygiene, lack of awareness about transmission mechanisms, limited access to protected and monitored water sources and a general lack of sanitation infrastructure.
E.coli strain sickens 14 in six states: CDC
6/8/12 ATLANTA (Reuters) - One person has died and 13 more have fallen sick in six U.S. states in the past two months by a mysterious outbreak of a strain of E.coli bacteria, federal health officials said on Friday.
TheCenters for Disease Control and Prevention has not yet identified a source of the bacteria, which since April 15 has sickened people in Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Tennessee, Louisiana and California.
A child in Louisiana died after being infected, officials said.
"The investigation is looking at both food and non-food sources as a part of the ongoing investigation," the CDC said in a statement on Friday.
The most recent report of illness from Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli 0145, commonly abbreviated as E.Coli, was on June 4, according to the agency.
Plague Rare in U.S., Surfacing in More Affluent Areas
June 13, 2012 (HealthDay News) - Although the plague is typically considered a remnant of the Middle Ages, when unsanitary conditions and rodent infestations prevailed amid the squalor of poverty, this rare but deadly disease appears to be spreading through wealthier communities in New Mexico, researchers report.
Why the plague is popping up in affluent neighborhoods isn't completely clear, the experts added.
"Where human plague cases occur is linked to where people live and how people interact with their environment," noted lead researcher Anna Schotthoefer, from the Marshfield Clinic Research Foundation in Wisconsin. "These factors may change over time, necessitating periodic reassessments of the factors that put people at risk."
This latest study confirms previous reports that living within or close to the natural environments that support plague is a risk factor for human plague, Schotthoefer said.
Plague is caused by a fast-moving bacteria, known as Yersinia pestis, that is spread through flea bites (bubonic plague) or through the air (pneumonic plague).
The new report comes on the heels of the hospitalization on June 8 of an Oregon man in his 50s with what experts suspect is plague. According to The Oregonian, the man got sick a few days after being bitten as he tried to get a mouse away from a stray cat. The cat died days later, the paper said, and the man remains in critical condition.
I started this thread for PLAGUE
NOT to include anything else but plague
MEXICO high-path H7N3 in poultry farm outbreaks
Jun 26, 2012 (CIDRAP News) – Mexican veterinary authorities are intensifying avian influenza control efforts in a region that houses several large commercial farms after further tests determined that the strain responsible for more than 200,000 bird deaths at three farms is the highly pathogenic H7N3 subtype.
The events represent the first highly pathogenic avian influenza outbreaks in Mexican flocks since the country battled H5N2 in the mid 1990s.
In a follow-up report submitted today to the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE), Mexican animal health officials said intravenous pathogenicity tests revealed the highly pathogenic H7N3 subtype. The initial report on Jun 21 said preliminary tests suggested a low-pathogenic H7 subtype.
The outbreaks began at three large commercial farms in Jalisco state on Jun 13, causing clinical signs in the layer flocks that included gasping, lethargy, fever, and death. The disease sickened 587,160 of more than 1 million susceptible birds, killing 211,424 of them. About 60,000 have been culled so far to curb the spread of the virus.
Today's update said that, based on the latest test results, authorities are sampling birds at about 60 poultry farms near the outbreak area, and quarantine measures are under way in the region, which has about 500 production units. Full gene sequencing and an epidemiologic investigation to determine the source of the virus are also in progress.
Jalisco state, in western Mexico, is the country's top egg producer.
Officials have also limited poultry movements near the outbreak area and are testing birds at commercial farms, backyard flocks, and poultry markets. They are also assessing biosecurity practices and overseeing depopulation efforts at the affected farms, according to the OIE report.
David A. Halvorson, DVM, an avian health expert at the University of Minnesota in St. Paul, told CIDRAP News that Mexico's last high pathogenic avian influenza outbreaks occurred in 1994 and 1995 and involved H5N2. He added that low-pathogenic H5N2 circulated in the country for several years.
He said that in some parts of Mexico, large populations of backyard poultry, live poultry markets, and commercial farms exist without adequate separation between them.
Halvorson said US poultry producers, especially those in Texas, are always cautious about the potential for disease introduction from indirect contact with Mexican poultry. Halvorson added Mexican workers support poultry farmers in the West and Midwest, which presents another reason for caution.
John Glisson, DVM, PhD, director of research programs for the US Poultry and Egg Association, said in an e-mail statement to CIDRAP News, "The US poultry industry would strongly agree with the idea that the disease should be dealt with quickly and that quarantine of these farms and elimination of infected flocks would be a prudent measure."
According to background information from the US Department of Agriculture (USDA), poultry imported from all countries except Canada must be quarantined for at least 30 days at a USDA Animal Import Center and be accompanied by import permits and veterinary health certificates. Canadian poultry entering the United States must be accompanied by a veterinary health certificate issued within 30 days of import date.
In 2004, highly pathogenic H7N3 outbreaks in British Columbia's Fraser Valley led to the culling of 19 million birds, and two related human infections were confirmed.
The patients, both men who had been exposed to infected poultry on the farms, were the first known H7N3 infections in humans. Both had conjunctivitis with mild flulike symptoms, according to a December 2004 report on the cases in Emerging Infectious Diseases.
Neither patient mounted an H7 antibody response, which led researchers to suggest that the men had highly localized, rather than systemic, infections.
Mexico declares bird flu emergency
July 2, 2012 The Mexican government declared a national animal health emergency on Monday in the face of an aggressive bird flu epidemic that has infected nearly 1.7 million poultry.
More than half the infected birds have died or been culled, the agriculture ministry said of an epidemic that was confirmed on Friday by the UN's Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).
"We have activated a national animal health emergency... with the goal of diagnosing, preventing, controlling and eradicating the Type A, sub-type H7N3 bird flu virus," the ministry said.
Health officials keep a close watch on such outbreaks in Mexico since so-called swine flu began there in 2009. The H1N1 virus spread into a global pandemic that claimed the lives of 17,000 people.
Havana CUBA Rare cholera outbreak kills 3
A rare cholera outbreak has killed three elderly people in Cuba and sickened dozens more.
The Communist Party daily Granma says 53 people tested positive for the disease in Manzanillo, 430 miles (700 kilometers) east of Havana. The three who died were 66 to 95 years old.
An official report in Granma blamed contaminated wells. It said Tuesday that authorities closed the wells, were disinfecting the hydraulic system and had the outbreak under control.
Cholera is a waterborne disease caused by a bacteria found in tainted water or food. It can kill within hours through dehydration, but is treatable if caught in time.
Cholera is unusual in Cuba. But recent outbreaks in nearby Haiti have killed more than 7,200 people.
Concern grows over H1N1 outbreak in Bolivia
7/3/12 An epidemic of H1N1 flu has infected almost 900 people and claimed 11 lives in Boliviay.
Although most of the cases occurred in the last few weeks, the outbreak does not rise to the level of a national epidemic, officials said.
"At the national level, the situation is under control. The most affected area is in the west," Johnny Rada, director of the ministry of health's epidemiology service, told AFP.
According to official tallies, 873 cases have been reported across the country, of which 606 are in the western department of La Paz and 60 in the department just south of it, Oruro.
MEXICO - Bird flu: One million chickens dead
July 5, 2012 An outbreak of the H7N3 bird flu virus in western Mexico has infected about 2.5 million chickens and led authorities to destroy or dispose of almost a million birds.
The country's Agriculture Department said 129 farms in the western state of Jalisco have been inspected.
Flu was confirmed in birds at 24 of the sites and tests continued on most of the rest.
The farms in question have been placed under quarantine.
The outbreak has caused increases in the price of chicken and egg products in Mexico.
China on alert as disease outbreak kills 112 in June
16 JulY 2012 BEIJING — The Chinese province of Hunan urged parents to seek immediate treatment for children showing symptoms of hand, foot and mouth disease after official figures showed 112 people died from the illness in June.
The disease, which children are especially vulnerable to, also infected more than 381,000 people, the Ministry of Health reported last week.
"The disease incidence rate in June was much higher than that of last June, which has much to do with the high temperatures this summer," said Liu Fuqiang with the provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
The province urged parents and teachers to send children to hospital as soon as they showed symptoms of the disease, including mouth sores, skin rashes or fever.
In June, 34,768 cases were reported and 17 people died from the disease in Hunan.
According to the Ministry of Health, over 460,000 people were infected by the disease in May, leading to 132 deaths.
In recent days, health departments in numerous Chinese provinces and regions, including Gansu, Fujian, Jiangsu and Xinjiang have issued warnings over the outbreak of the disease, state press reports said.
sIERRALeone cholera outbreak kills 62 in less than a month
FREETOWN — Sierra Leone's health ministry said an outbreak of cholera in the west African country has killed 62 people in less than a month.
The western area, including the capital Freetown, and "three towns in the northern and southern parts of the country have now been declared cholera outbreak areas", said a ministry statement.
"Emergency referral centres have been set up and hospitals and health clinics have been boosted with drugs to combat any escalation of the problem."
Between June 23 and Tuesday, 62 people have died and 3,721 cases have been reported in the areas concerned, statistics showed.
MEXICO - H7N3 avian influenza Control Measures Expand
The National Health, Food Safety and Food Quality Service (SENASICA) reported that as a result of the implementation of the National Animal Health Emergency Plan to contain and eradicate the outbreak of H7N3 avian influenza in Jalisco state, they have inspected 253 poultry farms, in 82 of which there was no presence of viruses, another 33 where the virus was confirmed, while the rest continue to be diagnosed. Senior editor, Chris Wright, reports.
SENASICA’s report, with information updated on 16 July, indicates that the 82 poultry farms which do not have the presence of exotic viruses have been issued an official certificate to allow them to move their products to market, since they do not represent a risk to poultry or consumers.
The farms that have confirmed the H7N3 avian influenza virus remain under quarantine and isolation, in order to control movement and prevent live birds, waste and litter from moving to virus-free regions.
SENASICA will keep the Emergency Plan in place on commercial farms and backyard poultry in the Los Altos region of Jalisco state, mainly in the towns of Acatic and Tepatitlan, with a flock of 16.5 million birds, primarily egg layers, of which 9.3 million are found within the surveillance area.
It has also expanded the scope of review into areas adjacent to the initial quarantine area in order to protect the birds in the buffer zone. As a method of control and eradication of the virus, 3.8 million birds have been depopulated under stringent animal health protocols established by international organizations.
This measure allows the containment of the virus in the area, said SENASICA.
They currently operate eight internal checkpoints and have increased to 43 the number of experts in the region carrying out the tasks of diagnosis, prevention, control and eradication of the virus.
SENASICA reiterates that the H7N3 influenza virus poses no risk to humans, whether they are in contact with birds or poultry products, such as meat and eggs, and that the control measures are intended to protect the commercial poultry production in the area.
Disclaimer: just ignore that parts promoting the vaccines in this article, FYI.
CJ NOTE - A doctor friend of mine said vaccines actually cause the whooping cough.
The FACTS on this outbreak are that this is occuring IN COMPLETELY VACCINATED KIDS.
U.S. whooping cough outbreak could be worst in half century
July 20, 2012 SEATTLE (Reuters) - The number of U.S. whooping cough cases has risen to around 18,000 in an outbreak that is on track to become the most severe in over a half century and could in part stem from possible waning vaccine protection, health officials said.
Washington state, which declared an epidemic in April, and Wisconsin were particularly hard hit, with each reporting more than 3,000 cases, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
9 people have died overall and the number of cases was already more than double than at the same time last year.
Whooping cough, also known as pertussis, causes severe, almost uncontrollable coughing. In the United States, most children are immunized with a DTaP five-dose series vaccine that is given as a series of shots, starting at two months.
Ebola outbreak in Uganda
28 Jul 2012 KAMPALA, Uganda (AP) — The deadly Ebola virus has killed 14 people in western Uganda this month, Ugandan health officials said on Saturday, ending weeks of speculation about the cause of a strange disease that had many people fleeing their homes.
The officials and a World Health Organization representative told a news conference in Kampala Saturday that there is "an outbreak of Ebola" in Uganda.
"Laboratory investigations done at the Uganda Virus Research Institute...have confirmed that the strange disease reported in Kibaale is indeed Ebola hemorrhagic fever," the Ugandan government and WHO said in joint statement.
Kibaale is a district in midwestern Uganda, where people in recent weeks have been troubled by a mysterious illness that seemed to have come from nowhere. Ugandan health officials had been stumped as well, and spent weeks conducting laboratory tests that were at first inconclusive.
Patients flee hospital over Ebola outbreak
7/30/12 TERRIFIED PATIENTS fled from a hospital in western Uganda as soon as news broke that a mysterious illness that killed at least 14 people in the region was Ebola, one of the world’s most virulent diseases.
Ignatius Besisira, a member of parliament for Buyaga East County in the Kibaale district, said people had at first believed the unexplained deaths were related to witchcraft.
“Immediately, when there was confirmation that it was Ebola . . . patients ran out of Kagadi hospital [where some of the victims had died],” he said. “Even the medical officers are very, very frightened.”
Government officials and a World Health Organisation representative confirmed the Ebola outbreak at a news conference in Kampala on Saturday.
EBOLA in UGANDA CAPITAL of KAMPALA
July 31, 2012 Uganda's President Yoweri Museveni has urged people to avoid physical contact, after the deadly Ebola virus claimed one life in the capital, Kampala.
14 people have now died since the outbreak began in western Uganda three weeks ago, he said in a broadcast.
There have been no confirmed cases of the infection spreading in Kampala.
Ebola, one of the most virulent diseases in the world, is spread by close personal contact and can kill up to 90% of those who become infected.
Mr Museveni said health officials were trying to trace everyone who had had contact with victims so that they could be quarantined.
People should avoid shaking hands, kissing or having sex to prevent the disease from spreading, he added.
Wow, thats stricter than the New York mayor!
UGANDA 16 dead
August 2, 2012 EBOLA HOTLINE
People fleeing Ebola outbreak is VERY SERIOUS! This is how it spreads far beyond the initial towns.
Hotlines have been created for all people to call, in case they suspect anyone to be infected with the disease.
Ebola surveillance teams can be reached on 0774 451762, 0706 506294, and 0757 174556.
More patients Tuesday were admitted at the isolation ward in Kagadi hospital in Kibaale district, according to reports from health officers.
This means that there are more people increasingly getting infected in the district. Surveillance teams are already combing through the district to ensure that no infected person is left untreated, according to the district health officer Dr. Dan Kyamanywa.
Ebola is a highly infectious disease, which presents with high grade fever and bleeding tendencies. It is very infectious, kills in a short time but can easily be prevented.
The signs and symptoms of the disease include fever, vomiting, diarrhoea, abdominal pain, headache, measles-like rash, red eyes, and sometimes with bleeding from body openings.
It can be spread through direct physical contact with body fluids like saliva, blood, stool, vomit, urine and sweat from an infected person and soiled linen used by a patient.
It can also be spread through using skin piercing instruments that have been used by an infected person.
Could the Ebola outbreak spread to the US?
Researchers do not know what the natural reservoir of the Ebola virus is.
But they have found its cousin virus - Marburg, which also causes hemorrhagic fever - in fruit bats in Africa.
The incubation period for Ebola is two to 21 days.
Its very likely EBOLA is a man-made creation from a biolab, a bio-weapon.
Australia BAT VIRUS
Aug 2012 Australian researchers have discovered a new bat virus they describe as a close relative to the hendra virus.
They say the new virus could help shed light on how Hendra and related Nipah viruses cause disease and death in animals and humans. Hendra is able to infect horses and, in seven known cases, people have caught the infection from horses. Four of them died as a result.
The new virus is named Cedar after the Queensland location where it was discovered.
Initial studies by scientists with the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) have discovered one surprising key difference – the Cedar virus does not cause illness in several animal species normally susceptible to Hendra and Nipah.
However, they say it is still too early to rule out the possibility that Cedar virus may cause illness and death in horses or other animals.
The new discovery had significant potential implications for protecting animals and humans from the Hendra and Nipah viruses. This tantalising difference may help scientists understand how to better manage and control its deadly cousins.
The findings have been announced today in the journal, PLoS Pathogens, published by the Public Library of Science.
Suspected Ebola cases growing in Uganda
Aug 2012 KAMPALA, Uganda — Six more patients suspected to have Ebola have been admitted to the hospital days after investigators confirmed an outbreak of the highly infectious disease in a remote corner of western Uganda.
Stephen Byaruhanga, health secretary of the affected Kibaale district, said possible cases of Ebola, at first concentrated in a single village, are now being reported in more villages.
“It’s no longer just one village. There are many villages affected,” Byaruhanga said.
In a national address, Uganda’s president advised against unnecessary contact among people, saying suspected cases of Ebola should be reported immediately to health officials.
Officials from Uganda’s Ministry of Health and the World Health Organization announced on Saturday that the deadly Ebola virus killed 14 Ugandans this month, ending weeks of speculation about the cause of a strange illness that had some people fleeing their homes in the absence of reliable answers.
If the six new cases are confirmed as Ebola, it would bring to 26 the number of Ugandans infected with Ebola.
This is the fourth occurrence of Ebola in Uganda since 2000, when the disease killed 224 people and left hundreds more traumatized in northern Uganda. At least 42 people were killed in another outbreak in 2007, and there was a lone Ebola case in 2011.
Investigators took nearly a month to confirm Ebola’s presence in Uganda this year. In Kibaale, a district with 600,000 residents, some villagers started abandoning their homes to escape what they thought was an illness caused by bad luck. One family lost nine members, and a clinical officer and her 4-month-old baby died from Ebola, Byaruhanga said.
The confirmation of Ebola’s presence in the area has spread anxiety among sick villagers, who are refusing to go to the hospital for fear they don’t have Ebola and will contract it there. All suspected Ebola patients have been isolated at one hospital where patients admitted with other illnesses fled after Ebola was announced. Only the hospital’s maternity ward still has patients, officials said, highlighting the deadly reputation of Ebola.
TEXAS Dallas County allows aerial spraying for 1st time in decades to fight West Nile virus outbreak
Aug 11, 2012 [/b] Dallas County allows aerial spraying for 1st time in decades to fight West Nile virus outbreak.
Suffering from the nation's deadliest outbreak of West Nile virus this year, Dallas County authorized aerial spraying of insecticide on Friday for the first time in nearly five decades to help fight the mosquito-born illness.
Texas' second most populous county announced the decision after its leaders met with the state's top health official and experts from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Nearly 90 cases of the most severe form of West Nile have been confirmed in the county so far, nine residents have died, and the virus' peak season is just beginning.
"This is a matter of extreme concern, and we're going to follow the science and do what's best for our people," said Dallas County Judge Clay Jenkins, the county's top elected official.
Five planes have been requested for spraying the heavily populated northern part of Dallas as well as the nearby enclaves of Highland Park and University Park — the most affected areas — but they won't be used until leaders in those jurisdictions approve, said Jenkins, who urged the cities to allow the planes in.
Dallas Mayor Mike Rawlings and officials from the other cities said they plan to meet with other city, county and state officials and industry experts early next week to decide how to proceed.
Jenkins on Thursday declared a public health emergency. Three nearby counties have reported one death each.
There is no vaccine for the virus, which has been in the U.S. since about 1999, according to the CDC. The virus, which most often affects people over 50, can cause high fevers, headaches and disorientation.
Public health officials typically advise residents of mosquito-prone areas to drain standing water, apply insect repellent containing the ingredient DEET and wear long-sleeve shirts and long pants. But officials at Friday's meeting said it's clear that those warnings and ongoing ground-based spraying aren't enough.
"It seems like the avoidance strategy is not working, so now you have to kill the bug," said Dr. Rick Snyder, president of the Dallas County Medical Society.
The Texas Department of State Health Services this year has tracked 214 cases of neuroinvasive West Nile, the most serious form of the illness, including 89 in Dallas County. Noting that the peak season for the illness is just beginning, agency officials said they fear the state will break the record number for such cases — 438 — reported in 2003.
"This is a major outbreak," said Dr. David Lakey, the department's commissioner. "People need to do all they can to protect themselves."
Aerial spraying is controversial. Some fear health effects from chemicals falling on them from the sky, and others have questioned whether the approach was scientifically proven to stop West Nile cases.
But at least one study in California has concluded that the odds of infection are about six times lower in treated areas than those that are untreated.
The American Mosquito Control Association doesn't keep exact statistics, but an association spokesman said spraying is common in Florida, and ongoing programs exist in other states including Louisiana, New Jersey, Georgia, North Carolina, Michigan and Minnesota.
The Texas health agency said the intensity of the disease fluctuates from year to year in the state depending on factors such as weather and the number of birds and mosquitoes that spread it.
The large number of West Nile cases this year is due to the extremely hot weather and recent rains, according to the agency.
Bird flu claims ninth victim this year in Indonesia
August 11, 2012 An Indonesian man has died of bird flu, the health ministry said Saturday, in the country's ninth fatal case this year.
"The deceased was a self-employed 37-year-old male," according to the report on the ministry's website.
The man was hospitalised on July 24 with a high fever and was placed on a ventilator five days later, according to the report. He died on July 30.
Authorities do not know how the man contracted the virus, but said he lived near poultry farms.
Indonesia has been hardest-hit by bird flu, with 159 fatalities reported since 2003 out of 359 worldwide, according to World Health Organization figures, which include the latest death.
Bird flu, also known as the H5N1 virus, typically spreads from birds to humans through direct contact, but experts fear it could mutate into a form that is easily transmissible between humans.
Lethal snake viruses identified
8/14/12 The cause of a fatal illness that affects captive snakes has been identified, a study has shown.
The condition - called Inclusion Body Disease (IBD) - affects constrictor snakes including boas and pythons.
There is no treatment and symptoms include "stargazing" - a fixed upward stare - as well as breathing problems and general muscular paralysis.
It was long suspected that the disease was caused by a virus, but until recently its identity remained elusive.
The research is published in the open-access journal mBio.
In this breakthrough study, researchers from the University of California San Francisco analysed samples obtained from snakes diagnosed with IBD, using sensitive DNA sequencing techniques.
In amongst some of the snake DNA was foreign genetic material - nucleic acid - that closely resembled that present in viruses belonging to a family called arenaviruses. This family includes Lassa Fever virus, which is associated with haemorrhagic fever in humans. However, there is no evidence that the newly discovered virus can pass from snakes to humans.
The scientists were also able to grow the virus from samples taken from one of the snakes.
Dr Mark Stenglein, who co-led the current study, said "we don't yet have formal evidence that these viruses cause the disease… although there is a good correlation [between disease and the presence of virus] … there's definitely a possibility that other things cause this".
Arenaviruses can be divided into two main groups based on the location of the species they naturally infect - New World viruses originate from the Americas, whilst Old World viruses are found in Africa and Asia. Genetically, the newly discovered virus is distinct from these two groups.
West Nile virus kills 17 in Texas, sickens hundreds
15 Aug 2012 Texas is battling an outbreak of the West Nile virus, with 17 deaths being blamed on the mosquito-borne disease.
Throughout the state, 381 people have been sickened since the start of the year, according to the Texas Department of State Health Services.
"Texas is on track to have the most cases of West Nile illness since the disease first emerged in the state in 2002," it said in a statement.
The county incorporating Dallas, the ninth-largest city in the United States, has been the hardest hit, prompting the mayor to declare a local state of disaster.
"The City of Dallas is experiencing a widespread outbreak of mosquito-borne West Nile virus and has caused and appears likely to continue to cause widespread and severe illness and loss of life," Mayor Michael Rawlings said in the proclamation of emergency that takes effect Wednesday.
The virus has claimed ten lives in the county so far, local health authorities said. State officials put the toll at nine.
Dallas mayor declares emergency over West Nile virus
The mayor of Dallas declared a state of emergency in the ninth largest U.S. city to combat the spread of West Nile virus infections, which have been more prevalent than usual in Texas and other states this year.
There have been more cases of West Nile virus reported so far this year than any year since the disease was first detected in the United States in 1999, the Centers for Disease Control said on its website.
Nearly half of the 693 human cases of the mosquito-borne West Nile virus infections reported this year to the CDC have been in Texas, along with 14 of the 26 deaths confirmed by the federal agency as of Tuesday.
The Texas health department said the number of cases of West Nile in the state had reached 465 and there had been 17 deaths. There is a lag in the CDC confirming cases and deaths.
Colorado * 2 additional anthrax cases identified
August 15, 2012 LAKEWOOD, Colo. (AP)
Two more cows have died from anthrax exposure in northeast Colorado, expanding the first outbreak of the disease in the state in 31 years to three ranches.
Last week, 60 cows died on a Logan County ranch, where anthrax was positively identified in one animal. Officials say it's likely they all died of the disease.
The Colorado Department of Agriculture said Wednesday the additional cows were on two separate adjacent ranches. Both died from the disease.
State Veterinarian Keith Roehr said all three ranches involved share fences and the new cases likely are the result of cows grazing in an area with soil containing anthrax spores.
Neighboring herds have been vaccinated. No cows left the affected ranches so none entered the food supply and no human infection has been reported, Roehr said.
Anthrax kills livestock within hours of infection and can decimate herds if animals are not quickly treated, he said.
Ebola Outbreak strikes Congo
18 August 2012 From Uganda to Congo, its spreading, its SERIOUS!
At least one person has died after an outbreak of the deadly Ebola virus in the north-east of the Democratic Republic of Congo.
The death is one of two cases of the virus discovered in the town of Isiro.
Medical charity workers say they are attempting to find and isolate anyone who has been in contact with those infected by the virus.
MSF says the strain is not the same as the kind found recently in neighbouring Uganda. Yeah right, it may be mutating.
At least 16 people died during an outbreak there last month.
The DR Congo outbreak occurred in Oriental province, which shares a border with Uganda.
EBOLA outbreak began in UGANDA July 31, 2012
If the people are allowed to leave the area, the outbreak spreads.
Ebola, one of the most virulent diseases in the world, is spread by close personal contact and can kill up to 90% of those who become infected.
The Ebola incubation period (time between infection and the onset of symptoms) ranges from 2 to 21 days.
People should avoid shaking hands, kissing or having sex to prevent the disease from spreading.
Wow, thats stricter than the New York mayor!
TEXAS, West Nile Deaths in Tarrant County
August 21, 2012 Tarrant County Public Health announced 2 more deaths associated with the West Nile virus.
Tarrant County now has four confirmed deaths related to West Nile along with 205 reported cases.
County health officials say the two latest deaths involve a Fort Worth man and a North Richland Hills woman, both in their 80s, with underlying medical conditions.
Tarrant County has not implemented aerial spraying to control the spread of West Nile. The cities of Fort Worth and Arlington both launched targeted ground spraying this past weekend.
West Nile-Related Deaths Confirmed in Texas, California
Two West Nile-related deaths were confirmed Tuesday 2,000 miles apart - the 11th confirmed this year in Dallas County, Texas, and the first in Fresno County, Calif.
Nationwide, there have been at least 26 deaths attributed to the West Nile virus this year, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
The Fresno County Department of Public Health said an elderly woman was hospitalized for the virus and later died, marking the second West Nile-related death in California in 2012.
"All residents, especially those over 50 years of age and those with chronic health conditions, must take this disease seriously and should take every precaution to protect themselves and their families from mosquito bites," said Dr. Edward L. Moreno, director and health officer for the Fresno County Department of Public Health, in a news release. "I also encourage residents to engage the services of their mosquito abatement district, if necessary, to eliminate possible mosquito-breeding sources around their homes."
Dallas County Health and Human Services spokeswoman Patricia Huston would not provide any specific identifying information on the county's 11th virus fatality because of medical confidentiality and personal privacy rules.
West Nile Outbreak Reaches 1,100 Cases in US
Aug 22, 2012 The United States is experiencing one of the biggest outbreaks of West Nile virus in history, according to the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
As of Tuesday, 1,118 cases of the mosquito-borne disease had been reported. That's the highest number ever reported at this point in the year since the disease was first detected in the U.S. in 1999. If cases continue to grow at this pace, the West Nile outbreak could be the largest ever in the United States, said Dr. Lyle Petersen, director of the CDC's Division of Vector-Borne Infectious Diseases.
So far, 41 people have died from West Nile infections.
About 630 people have developed the rare neuroinvasive form of the disease, which affects the nervous system. The other cases involved what doctors call West Nile fever, a condition that can cause fever, headache, body aches, nausea, vomiting.
Texas, the state hit hardest by the outbreak, has reported 537 cases of West Nile, close to 300 of which have been the neuroinvasive form. In some parts of the state, officials have begun aerial pesticide spraying to curb the spread of the disease.
Most people infected with the West Nile virus show no symptoms; from the number of neuroinvasive cases that have occurred, it can be estimated that more than 94,000 people in the United States have been infected with West Nile this year. It's likely that about 98 percent of cases of West Nile fever are not reported, the CDC says.
These unreported cases still take a toll on the nation's health and economy, as people who may not know that West Nile is the cause of their illness take time off from work or use health care resources, said William Schaffner, chairman of the department of preventive medicine at Vanderbilt University.
"The problem is even larger… than the already notably larger problem of neuroinvasive disease,"Schaffner said. The impact of unreported cases is a factor in the decision to call the current West Nile outbreak an emergency, as Dallas did, Schaffner said.
The reason for the large outbreak this year is not clear, but it could be related to this season's especially hot summer. Hot weather seems to increase the virus' transmissibility, Petersen said.
Pass it on: More than 1,100 cases of West Nile virus have occurred in the United States this year so far.
West Nile Is Spreading Farther and Faster This Season, CDC Says
Aerial mosquito spraying is underway in Dallas County and Houston to prevent the spread of West Nile virus while the disease spreads farther, faster and earlier in the season than ever before, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Only 29 cases were reported a month ago. Now, the CDC is reporting 1,118 cases spread across 47 states, with 41 deaths.
75% of the cases have been reported from five states: Texas, Mississippi, Louisiana, Oklahoma and Illinois. Texas appears to be the hardest hit, with 586 reported cases in total. The death toll in Texas was 21 as of Wednesday, with Dallas County hit hardest, for a total of 270 cases and 11 deaths.
No place is striking back harder against the West Nile virus than Texas, which has launched an aerial assault against mosquitoes despite objections from environmental groups. Overnight, planes carrying pesticides took to the skies dousing more than 63,000 acres of land in Dallas and Houston to battle the disease.
"These kinds of chemicals are most toxic to young children, infants and babies," said Jennifer Sass, senior scientist at the Natural Resources Defense Council.
West Nile Worst the U.S. Has Ever Seen
56% of Victims Face Life Threatening Neuro Invasive Symptoms
August 24th, 2012
With the U.S. Center for Disease Control now confirming over 1,000 cases of the deadly West Nile virus,
officials and health department workers from Houston to Philadelphia are scrambling to control the outbreak.
The CDC Reports: 47 states have reported West Nile virus infections in people, birds, or mosquitoes. A total of 1118 cases of West Nile virus disease in people, including 41 deaths, have been reported to CDC. Of these, 629 (56%) were classified as neuroinvasive disease (such as meningitis or encephalitis) and 489 (44%) were classified as non-neuroinvasive disease.
What’s even more alarming than how rapidly the disease has spread and the number of victims infected is the unusually high number of them who are experiencing life threatening neuro-invasive symptoms that could lead to death or permanent brain injury.
The fact that only 1 in 150 people usually develop the severe form of the disease, but in this outbreak more than half have developed it, is the reason the authorities are spraying with such vigour in an attempt to control the spread of the disease.
Not only are infections occurring at a an unprecedented rate of three times above the historical average, the virus is much stronger then ever before.
There is no known vaccine or pharmaceutical treatment that has been found to be effective against West Nile Virus.
Those who contract the virus will experience severe symptoms. In the neuro-invasive cases (currently 56% of victims) symptoms may rapidly develop into life threatening or debilitating conditions that include encephalitis, meningitis or paralysis.
Dallas County West Nile-Related Deaths Climbing
Aug 27, 2012 DALLAS COUNTY (CBSDFW.COM) – The number of Dallas County residents who have died from West Nile Virus related health issues now stands at 12.
Monday officials with Dallas County Health and Human Services (DCHHS) confirmed another death in the county.
Officials say the hospital patient lived in the 75060 zip code.
Since the first of the year, Dallas County has reported nearly 300 human cases of West Nile infection.
The county has fought infestation with ground and aerial spraying, but still say the threat should be considered a major public health concern.
Is it West Nile - or is it a lab bug combo with Swine Flu? Eh?
West Nile: they're lying to you - again
8/24/12 (NaturalNews) The government PR machine has swung into high gear promoting West Nile disease. It's a "national outbreak." 1138 cases in 38 states. 41 deaths. Planes are spraying toxic aerial pesticides.
Never mind that the US Centers for Disease Control claims 36,000 people die every year from ordinary seasonal flu -- and there are no announcements of an "epidemic" or an "outbreak."
Never mind that the World Health Organization (WHO) claims between 250,000 and 500,000 people die every year from ordinary seasonal flu -- and this isn't called an "epidemic" or an "outbreak."
If you added up the death count from all the hyped and predicted epidemics of the last decade, including West Nile, SARS, bird flu, weaponized smallpox, and Swine Flu, the total would come to about one year of deaths in the US from ordinary flu.
But who cares about facts? What's important is how much fear can be generated. That's the statistic that counts, when you're talking about the CDC or WHO.
And when it comes to the public, it seems that some people feel a morbid attraction for viruses. Every time a new one is announced, they rub their hands together and say, "This is the big one! It's going to spread like wildfire!"
Other people, involved in natural health, who reject huge amounts conventional medical wisdom, nonetheless make the mistake of buying the virus of the moment. They automatically accept it as real and then figure out how to treat it naturally. That can be a big mistake.
Have researchers ever actually isolated (found) the West Nile virus? You should be asking that question.
You should always question what the CDC tells you.
The deepest form of medical-research chicanery comes when scientists claim they've found a new virus and they haven't. They haven't nailed it down. They say they have, but that's not true.
People have a hard time fathoming this. They will accept the fact that a medical drug touted as miraculous really causes heart attacks, strokes, and death, but for some reason The Virus is sacred territory. "Scientists would never lie about that." Really? Why not?
Do you think discovering a new virus is like dipping a tweezer into a dish of liquid and picking out a little critter who is shaking his legs? And therefore, nobody can lie about it, because it's either there or not? No, that's not the way it works.
A new virus is discovered by taking a tissue sample suspected of harboring it; then that sample must be transferred to a fine filter that will trap the virus. That's how the initial all-important isolation process is begun.
In the case of West Nile, this was attempted in 1999. It was called a success, but there was a major problem. As I stated in a previous article:
Researchers claim the West Nile virus is 0.04 micrometers. At the same time, they admit that the original fishing expedition for the virus employed filters that were 0.22 micrometers. The obvious conclusion? The filter was too porous. It was nearly six times larger than the virus.
In fact, Robert McLean, director of the National Wildlife Center of the US Geological Survey, told ABC's Nick Regush, "We don't have a purified form of the [West Nile] virus."
A stunning admission.
The late ABC reporter, Regush, followed up on McLean's pronouncement with this: "I find no evidence anywhere in the scientific literature that the rules of virus purification and isolation were thoroughly followed [in the case of the West Nile virus]."
People respond to these assertions with an accusatory tone: "Then what's making people sick? Why are people dying?"
People getting sick and dying doesn't necessarily have a connection to why health authorities are telling you they're dying.
If a newspaper reported that a hurricane in Missouri killed 12 people, and then you discovered there had been no hurricane, would you insist on pretending there was, because 12 people died? No, of course not. You would assume the people died for other reasons.
It's the same situation with West Nile. People get sick and die all the time. If the virus that supposedly is causing an outbreak of illness has never been found, you look for other causes.
Again, from my previous article:
There are some good reasons people in the Dallas area are getting sick. These reasons have nothing to do with "West Nile."
A decade ago, independent journalist, Jim West, launched an original investigation into the so-called "West Nile epidemic" in New York City.
West correlated clusters of human and bird "West Nile" cases with several factors; among them, nearby polluting oil refineries, other air pollution (certainly exacerbated by hot summer weather), and the presence of toxic MTBE, an additive that makes gasoline in cars burn cleaner.
There are listings for at least eight refineries in the Dallas area. There are also reports of increased air pollution coming from natural gas production in the Barnett Shale. The 2012 summer has been hot. As of of the year 2000, Texas refineries were producing 75% of all the MTBE in the United States.
And since this has been a very hot and dry summer in other areas of the US, high-air-pollution locales have intensified.
Am I saying that the never-isolated "West Nile virus" might be functioning as a cover story, to conceal what is really making people sick? Absolutely.
As an illustration, the medical history of the African continent is replete with such cover stories. Over and over, germs have been heralded as the cause of people dying in great numbers.
Centuries-old causes of ongoing death in Africa were intentionally overlooked: contaminated water supplies; horrible sanitation; overcrowding; generation-to-generation malnutrition and starvation; stolen farm land.
Most Americans automatically assume the arrival of western doctors with drugs and vaccines is a good sign for Africa. Nothing could be further from the truth. The doctors are sent there to cover up the truth.
Why? Because many interested parties, powerful players inside and outside of Africa, want the true and persisting causes of illness and death to remain, in order to keep the population weak and controllable. It's easy to hide this agenda by advertising a fake disease-cause and a fake medical remedy. Medical intervention will never cure what's ailing Africa. If you walked through a swamp of filthy contaminated water every day on your way to work, do you think a course of antibiotics would keep you healthy?
Here in America, when various toxic environmental causes of illness bring people down, there needs to be a cover story as well. The most believable cover is The Virus. It works. People stand up and salute it. They're saluting it now in Dallas and other places.
I don't care how many pictures of how many mosquitoes are adorning television screens and newspapers. "Oh, the mosquito carries the West Nile virus!" Really? Even if no one ever found such a virus?
Buy the virus story if you want to. Everyone has that freedom. But science is supposed to be about proof, and in the case of West Nile, it's all supposition and presumption and lying.
The medical PR machine will grind on. New stories will appear. "The worst summer ever." "New deaths from West Nile." "More mosquitoes carrying the deadly West Nile virus found." "The very young and elderly at greatest risk." "Medical experts try to discover why West Nile returned with a fury."
How many people will give in at each new barrage of propaganda and accept the virus story?
Remember Swine Flu? The whole planet was going to go down. In the end, WHO announced the total global death figure as 20,000. Then, in a mindless burst of revisionism this year, the total was changed to 580,000.
Here's a number for you. Three maniacal spokespeople from the CDC, backed by five major television networks, can brainwash the public about a virus in seven days.
CDC: 10,000 people who stayed in tent cabins at Yosemite National Park may be at risk for hantavirus - @NBCNews
Ebola caseload soars in eastern Congo
September 5, 2012 The number of people with Ebola, a rare haemorrhagic disease, in northeastern Democratic Republic of Congo has tripled since mid-August, the World Health Organisation said after 14 patients died in two weeks.
On September 1, doctors were looking into 30 likely or suspected cases, including seven in which patients tested positive for the Ebola virus.
A WHO report said that 169 people who had come into contact with the victims were under observation.
The epicentre of the epidemic which broke out in mid-August was located at Isiro, in the northeast of the vast country where 11 died of 18 registered cases.
Ebola outbreaks have also been reported from neighbouring western Uganda.
WHO warns Ebola out of control in Congo, deaths rise to 31
September 13, 2012 – An Ebola outbreak in Congo risks spreading to major towns if not brought under control soon, the World Health Organization said.
The death toll has doubled since last week to 31, including 5 health workers dying from the contagious virus for which there is no known treatment.
Ebola causes massive bleeding and kills up to 90% of its victims.
The epidemic is not under control.
If nothing is done now, the disease will reach other places, and even major towns will be threatened.
In August, 16 people died in Uganda.
Mysterious SARS Virus Emerges in the Middle East
September 24, 2012 Global health authorities are hunting for cases of a mysterious respiratory illness that killed at least one person in Saudi Arabia and left another who traveled there in intensive care in a London hospital.
Health officials said the source of the virus infecting both is unknown, though they have identified it as a coronavirus, part of a large family of viruses that in most cases cause common colds, but also have caused SARS.
Severe acute respiratory syndrome erupted in China in late 2002 and spread to a number of countries, infecting more than 8,000 people and killing about 775 before it disappeared in mid 2003.
The World Health Organization said the new virus has been identified in a 49-year-old man from Qatar who traveled to Saudi Arabia before falling ill Sept. 3. He is being treated for acute respiratory syndrome and kidney failure.
The virus that infected him bears a 99.5% similarity to one isolated from the lung tissue of a 60-year-old man from Saudi Arabia who died this summer after suffering respiratory and kidney failure, the WHO said.
I went to web war before on lab created bio weapons. I smell them again.
Global depopulation of humans is entering red alert stage.
Have colloidal silver in both liquid - by mouth, and gel - topical.
Have clay which detoxes the body.
BA, you sent me on another hunt!
I am working on an edit for a new page which should be up by tomorrow or the weekend.
My concern is that both Ebola and SARS are a lab-creation, deadly, airborne. Both involve bleeding.
When medics say an outbreak 'doesnt look like' the usual symptoms, ALERT.
Swine - Avian (Bird) Flu
2009 Plague in Ukraine
Is it continuing in 2010? Spreading globally in 2012
WHO warns of H5 bird flu combining with piggyflu. WHO is late with their info - and still wrong.
FLYING PIG - bird-pig-human-1918 - flu virus were combined in a lab and have been loose since April 2009
Flu Vaccine a Bio Weapon
Posted August 20th, 2009 - Microbiologist Joseph Moshe was arrested and detained by the FBI after calling Dr. True Ott.
He claimed Baxter was incorporating bioweapons in its vaccines. Joseph Moshe informed the White House he
intended to go public with this information. The FBI tried to prevent him doing that. Moshe was handcuffed.
Nothing has been heard from him since, until Nov when its reported he's in a California mental ward.
He is a dual USA-Israeli citizen, a plant disease expert involving the genetic manipulation of virii.
Microbiologist Joseph Moshe said this 'Swine' flu vaccine is bioweapon. Tainted H1N1 'Swine' flu vaccines produced by
Baxter BioPharma Solutions Ukrainian lab are actually a bio-weapon. The vax contained an adjuvant (additive) designed to
weaken the immune system, and replicated RNA from the virus responsible for the 1918 pandemic Spanish flu,
causing global sickness and mass death.
Baxter has been caught spreading a live, genetically engineered H5N1 Bird flu vaccine as a lethal biological weapon all
over the world, destined to be used for human vaccinations. Baxter had mixed live, genetically engineered avian flue viruses
in vaccine material shipped to 18 countries. A Czech lab decided to test the vaccine on a dozen ferrets which all died in days.
GLOBALISTS EUGENICS PROGRAM
Celeste Bishop was an insider, a whistle blower. She has so much information on her website.
If what she posts doesnt scare you, you dont understand what she is telling us!
Global depopulation of humans
September 24, 2012 UN War against the Natural Health Industry and humans, Celeste Bishop
This is my thread on Celeste's article
Snuffing-out the Breath of Life in Montana, September 24, 2012
THIS IS PURE EVIL!
To understand WHY, you need to understand that 'green' is evil
UN Blue Helmets Trained for Environmental ‘Peace Operations’
September 22, 2012
Sustainable Peace for a Sustainable Future
New SARS-Type Virus
September 24, 2012 The United Kingdom (UK) informed WHO of a case of acute respiratory syndrome with renal failure with travel history to Saudi Arabia (KSA) and Qatar.
The case is a previously healthy, 49 year old male Qatari.
On 7 September he was admitted to Qatar ICU then transferred to the UK by air ambulance.
Laboratory testing confirmed the presence of a novel coronavirus.
The HPA has compared the sequencing of the virus isolate from the Qatari victim with that of a virus previously sequenced from a dead Saudi by the Erasmus University Medical Centre, Netherlands. This comparison indicated 99.5% identity, with one nucleotide mismatch over the regions compared.
Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses which includes viruses that cause the common cold and SARS. Given that this is a novel coronavirus, WHO is currently in the process of obtaining further information to determine the public health implications of these two confirmed cases.
The virus, known as a coronavirus, comes from the same family as the SARS infection that emerged in 2002 and killed 800 people.
Bentonite (green) clay in Shepherds Heart soaps fight virus.
Order a soap which contains clay!
Health benefits of Bentonite (green) clay to fight virus
28 September 2012 - Could the next big animal-human disease wipe us out?
Woman in an African bat cave picked up the Marburg virus. (cousin of ebola)
13 days after the cave visit Astrid fell ill. At first it seemed no worse than flu. Then her temperature went higher and higher.
After a few days she began suffering organ failure. Her doctors suspected Lassa fever and moved her to a hospital
where she developed a rash and conjunctivitis and haemorrhaged. She was put into an induced coma, a move
dictated by the need to dose her more aggressively with antiviral medicine. As her organs shut down,
she lacked oxygen to the brain, suffered cerebral oedema, and before long she was declared brain-dead.
7 dead as meningitis outbreak grows
October 6, 2012 Atlanta (CNN) - The death toll from an outbreak of fungal meningitis linked to contaminated steroid injections has risen to seven, said the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
The total number of cases has also grown to 64 people in nine states, the CDC said. That is 17 more cases and two more states than the day before.
Patients contracted the deadly meningitis after being injected in their spine with a preservative-free steroid called methylprednisolone acetate that was contaminated by a fungus. The steroid is used to treat pain and inflammation.
Health officials say 76 medical facilities in 23 states received the contaminated products, which were manufactured by New England Compounding Center in Framingham, Massachusetts.
NECC voluntarily recalled three lots of the injectible steroid last week. As a precaution, the Food and Drug Administration is asking doctors, clinics, and consumers to stop using any products made by NECC.
Meningitis outbreak tangles two pharmacies with common owners
10/10/12 BOSTON (Reuters) - A Massachusetts company that mixes drugs for hospitals on Wednesday gave up an attempt to distance itself from an affiliated pharmacy linked to a deadly U.S. outbreak of fungal meningitis.
Ameridose LLC agreed to close down for 12 days while state and federal officials investigate the New England Compounding Center, which distributed thousands of vials of a contaminated steroid made at a shabby brick complex next to a waste and recycling operation in a western suburb of Boston.
The pharmacies are owned by Gregory Conigliaro, an engineer, and his brother-in-law, Barry Cadden, a pharmacist who was in charge of pharmacy operations at NECC. The waste and recycling facility is another of Conigliaro's business interests.
Ameridose and NECC mix, dilute and prepare drugs into formulations not typically available through pharmaceutical manufacturers from facilities in Massachusetts. NECC has surrendered its license and recalled its products in the wake of the meningitis outbreak, which has claimed a dozen lives.
Meningitis-linked steroid may have affected 13,000 people in U.S.: CDC
Oct 9, 2012 NASHVILLE, Tennessee - Some 13,000 people in 23 U.S. states may have received steroid injections linked to a rare fungal meningitis outbreak that has killed eight people, but far fewer are likely to contract the disease, the Centers for Disease Control said on Monday.
The CDC for the first time estimated the number of patients potentially affected, after previously saying only that it could be in the thousands.
So far, 105 cases of the rare form of meningitis have been confirmed in nine states. In hardest hit Tennessee another person has died, bringing the national death toll to eight, the CDC and Tennessee state authorities said on Monday.
Nearly 1,000 people in Tennessee may have received injections from the three recalled lots containing 17,676 vials of potentially tainted steroid, Tennessee Health Commissioner Dr. John Dreyzehner said on Monday. Saint Thomas Outpatient Neurosurgery Center in Nashville received some 2,000 vials, more than any other facility in the country, he said.
'Brain-eating' amoeba kills 10 in Pakistan: officials
Authorities in Pakistan's largest city have launched an urgent investigation after a rare water-borne "brain-eating" amoeba killed 10 people in four months, officials said Tuesday.
The water company and health officials monitoring water in Karachi, home to 18 million people, have been ordered to trace the source of the Naegleria fowleri outbreak.
Saghir Ahmed, health minister of southern Sindh province of which Karachi is capital, said the drinking supply, swimming places and facilities used for the ritual ablutions Muslims must perform before prayers were all under investigation.
"There is no reason to panic and citizens should stay calm and take precautions," Ahmed said.
U.S. meningitis outbreak death toll rises to 12
October 10, 2012
The injection ingredient may have contained SEWAGE!
The death toll from an American meningitis outbreak linked to tainted medication has reached 12, according to US officials, who have documented more than 120 infections in 10 states.
Officials at the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said as many as 13,000 people might have received doses of the contaminated steroid injection that has caused an outbreak of the rare fungal infection.
Among the hardest hit states are Tennessee with 39 cases, Michigan with 25, and Virginia with 24. Florida, Maryland and Minnesota, New Jersey, Indiana, North Carolina and Ohio also reported cases.
Criminal probe of meningitis outbreaks
October 12, 2012 - 14 DEAD, 170 infected
More tainted steroid injections than thought were given to 14,000 patients.
14 have died from meningitis and 170 people have been infected.
23 states received shipments, Meningitis fungus cases have been confirmed in 11 states
Meningitis is an infection of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord. Patients show a variety of symptoms including severe headaches and fever.
The widening outbreak has alarmed U.S. health officials and focused attention on regulations of pharmaceutical compounding companies such as the one that produced the drugs, the New England Compounding Center, Inc. in Framingham, Mass.
Over 50 vials of steroid treatments from the NECC and other sites have tested positive for fungus that causes meningitis.
The FDA said the outbreak shows the need for a risk-based scheme for dealing with drug compounding.
The NECC appears to have violated state licensing laws to produce drugs.
Massachusetts restricts compounding pharmacies to formulating medications for individual prescriptions. But Massachusetts officials are concerned NECC may have been acting more like a drug manufacturer.
They were making big batches and selling out of state.
Criminal probe of meningitis outbreaks
Please post this fungal meningitis in AMERICA NEWS
Mass. gov: Drug firm may have misled regulators
Oct. 11, 2012 BOSTON (AP) — The specialty pharmacy linked to a deadly meningitis outbreak may have misled regulators and done work beyond the scope of its state license, Massachusetts Gov. Deval Patrick said Wednesday.
Meanwhile, a second pharmacy connected to the New England Compounding Center in Framingham has shut down for state and federal inspection.
The New England Compounding Center made a steroid that was used in injections for back pain that were later found contaminated. More than 130 people in 11 states have been sickened. Twelve have died.
On Wednesday, Patrick told reporters that state and federal agencies "may have been misled by some of the information we were given" by the New England Compounding Center.
FDA: Pharmacy's other drugs may be causing illness
10/15/12 — Two more drugs from a specialty pharmacy linked to a meningitis outbreak are now being investigated, U.S. health officials said, as they urged doctors to contact patients who got any kind of injection from the company.
The New England Compounding Center of Framingham, Mass., has been under scrutiny since last month, when a rare fungal form of meningitis was linked to its steroid shots used mostly for back pain.
Monday's step by the Food and Drug Administration followed reports of infections in three people who got different drugs made by the company. One is a possible meningitis illness in a patient who got a spine injection of another type of steroid. The agency also learned of two heart transplant patients who got fungal infections after being given a third company product during surgery.
The illnesses are under investigation, and it's very possible the heart patients were infected by another source, FDA officials cautioned. They did not say whether the meningitis case involved a fungal infection or where the three patients lived.
From Ebola to Marburg: rare virus rocks UgandaUganda: Marburg Virus kills 5 Family Members
October 21, 2012 Marburg hemorrhagic fever is the same family as Ebola
Marburg hemorrhagic fever is a rare, severe type of hemorrhagic fever which affects both humans and non-human primates. Caused by a genetically unique zoonotic (that is, animal-borne) RNA virus of the filovirus family, its recognition led to the creation of this virus family.
· The four species of Ebola virus are the only other known members of the filovirus family. (Source: excerpt from Marburg Hemorrhagic Fever: DVRD)
Uganda Virus Research Institute in Entebbe has reportedly confirmed that it is Marburg, prompting widespread containment measures now unfolding around the affected areas between Kabale and Kisoro.
Uganda gov't dispatches medical team to southwestern region over Marburg outbreak
Oct. 19 (Xinhua) -- Uganda's ministry of health on Friday dispatched a team of experts to the south western district of Kabale where an outbreak of the deadly Marburg hemorrhagic fever has been confirmed.
The ministry in a statement issued here said the team will support both the clinical and public health investigations, adding that the National Ebola Task-force has reactivated its rapid response committees to quickly act to any emergencies.
"The surveillance team has commenced the active tracing and listing of all possible contacts that were exposed to the suspects and confirmed cases," the statement said.
The ministry early on Friday confirmed the outbreak of the highly infectious viral hemorrhagic fever after laboratory tests of three samples turned positive.
From Ebola to Marburg: rare virus rocks Uganda
The deadly Marburg haemorrhagic fever in the southwestern Ugandan district of Kabale claimed a fifth life from the same family at the weekend.
Dr Patrick Tusiime, the Kabale district health officer, told The Observer that the fifth victim died on Saturday morning and was quickly buried by a team of health officials to avert the spread of the disease. The Uganda Virus Research Institute and the ministry of Health confirmed the outbreak of the Marburg virus in Rwabihondo village, Kitumba parish, Ndorwa West constituency, on Friday.
The victims include Boaz Turyahikayo, a lecturer at Uganda Christian University and his sister, Mildred Ansasiire, a primary school teacher.
“We have restricted family members from moving out to avoid spreading the disease,” Dr Tusiime explained, adding that the family members would be confined in their home from where they would be monitored for 9-10 days.
Marburg hemorrhagic fever is caused by a virus in the same family as Ebola.
Africa NEWS, Kenya, Uganda
UKRAINE Plague Pneumonia, Marburg, bio weapon?
34 People Under Surveillance for Marburg
· No one is in isolation
· One person is showing symptoms, will be tested, and has been admitted to Rushoroza health Center III
· All 34 attended the burial of the 5 family members
· All are from Kitumba Village
· Kitumbia Village is where the 5th Family member was from.
· The relatives of the deceased sneaked the body out of the hospital after the authorities left them.
A woman from Kabale was admitted at Mulago hospital yesterday after receiving treatment for malaria but was actually suffering from the Marburg disease which recently hit the country. It is said that before going to Mulago, Sharon Twinomujuni first got treatment from a private clinic in Kisugu, Kampala. Twinomujuni is related to the family of five who were first killed in Kabale as the first victims of the Marburg virus.
Africa NEWS, Kenya, Uganda
H1N1 outbreak reported in Saudi Arabia
November 5, 2012 audi health authorities reported Sunday at least eight cases of H1N1 infections at the Al-Amal mental hospital in Riyadh. The infected people were given Tamiflu vaccine while 27 other people, including four nurses, suspected of having the influenza virus were quarantined. Staff of the hospital also took precautionary measures, including wearing masks when dealing with patients, and cancelling an party celebrating the Eid al-Adha Muslim festival. The latest H1N1 outbreak in the kingdom was discovered 18 days ago but was not disclosed to avoid panic among haj pilgrims, according to spokesman of Health Affairs Directorate in Riyadh Saad Al Qahtani. The virus first reached Saudi Arabia in 2009 brought by an infected Filipino nurse working at King Faisal Specialized Hospital. Last month, a Saudi boy vacationing with his family in Hong Kong was diagnosed with the virus but recovered. In September, a 60-year-old Saudi man died from the virus and a 49-year-old Qatari man was infected with it after traveling to the kingdom. The Qatari man has recovered after being treated in a hospital in London. –Gant Daily
stay clear of any vaccination - the elites want to kill you and they are in accord with the governments of the world.
they are all in it together only the rich and powerful will survive .So be very careful no vaccines of any kind for you and your family!
NY Rockaway cough
Nov 2012 A bad cough is going around Far Rockaway, Queens. It is just one example of the post-storm health problems resident of hard-hit areas are exposed to in the aftermath.
Brett Scudder, a community activist, says he has come across many people who have a cough and migraine headaches.
Dr. Manny Alvarez of Fox News says migraines and respiratory problems could be signs of toxic exposure.
The city's Department of Health says recent testing shows outdoor air quality is good. But officials warn about indoor air quality.
Airborne toxins could come from mold in a flooded basement. We saw mold covering the walls of one basement. Health officials warn people to wear gloves and masks when cleaning out the debris.
Both my photographer and I started getting dizzy; we were down in the basement for just a few minutes.
Volunteers with Heart to Heart, a mobile medical unit in Far Rockaway, say respiratory illness has been the second biggest problem with people who have come in for help, right behind high blood pressure from stress.
Scores of Ugandans were isolated on Thursday to prevent the spread of a new outbreak of Ebola which has already killed three people.
Uganda has experienced increasingly regular outbreaks of deadly hemorrhagic fevers that have left health officials grappling for answers.
The new Ebola outbreak was confirmed Wednesday in a district 60 kilometers (40 miles) from the Ugandan capital, Kampala. The outbreak comes roughly a month after Uganda declared itself Ebola-free following an earlier outbreak in a remote district of western Uganda. Last month at least five people in a southwestern district of Uganda were killed by Marburg, a hemorrhagic fever similar to Ebola.
The latest Ebola outbreak, officials say, is of the Sudan strain of Ebola and not linked to the previous one, of the Congo variety, which killed at least 16 villagers in July and August in the western district of Kibaale. In addition to the three dead in the latest outbreak, up to 15 are being monitored for signs of the disease, officials said. They advised against panic after it was revealed that two possible Ebola patients had since checked into Kampala's main referral hospital.
Saudi Arabia, Qatar
4 more cases of new SARS-like virus confirmed
Second coronavirus death reported
Four new cases of SARS-like virus found in Saudi, Qatar
SARS-like virus: 4 new cases found
* Saudi Arabia and Qatar are at a background war on Israel
2 killed on account of new SARS-like virus
Nov 26, 2012 Number of reported cases as well as the number of fatalities linked with the respiratory ailment doubled on Friday
A new Coronavirus similar in nature to severe acute respiratory syndrome has infected six and has resulted in two deaths in the Middle East, media reports said.
The number of reported cases as well as the number of fatalities linked with the respiratory ailment doubled on Friday, as the second person was reported killed and three more infections had been reported by the World Health Organization.
Both fatalities occurred in Saudi Arabia, and reports of the virus had been limited to that country and Qatar and one man had been transported to UK for treatment.
WHO initially issued a global warning about the disease in September, and cautioned that a Qatar man who had recently traveled to Saudi Arabia had become infected with a virus that had previously never been detected in humans, where a second man had died from the same disease.
Fourth person dies in Calif. of mushroom poisoning
LOOMIS, Calif. (AP) — A fourth person has died from eating a soup made with poisonous mushrooms earlier this month at senior care facility in Northern California, authorities said Tuesday.
The Placer County Sheriff's Department identified the woman as Dorothy Mary Hart, 92.
Three others at the six-bed Gold Age Villa care facility in Loomis died from eating the mushrooms in what sheriff's investigators characterize as an accident.
"This is an ongoing tragedy, an unfortunate accident," said Dena Erwin, spokeswoman for the sheriff's office.
Mat_24:7 For nation shall rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom: and there shall be famines, and pestilences, and earthquakes, in divers places.
Mat 24:8 All these are the beginning of sorrows.
Mysterious bacteria 'superbug' spreads across country
CRE kills 40 percent of its victims - and it can't be stopped
Dec. 2, 2012 CHARLOTTESVILLE, VA. — The doctors tried one antibiotic after another, racing to stop the infection as it tore through the man’s body, but nothing worked.
In a matter of days after the middle-age patient arrived at the University of Virginia Medical Center, the bacteria in his blood had fought off even what doctors consider “drugs of last resort.”
“It was very alarming; it was the first time we’d seen that kind of resistance,” said Amy Mathers, one of the hospital’s infectious disease specialists.
The man died three months later, but the bacteria wasn’t done. In the months that followed, it struck again and again in the same hospital, in various forms, as doctors raced to decipher the secret to its spread.
The superbug that hit the Virginia hospital four years ago belongs to a family of drug-resistant bacteria that has stalked hospitals and nursing homes for a decade. Now, it’s attacking in hundreds of those institutions, a USA Today examination shows.
The bacteria strains, known as carbapenem-resistant enterobacteriaceae, are named for their ability to fight off carbapenem antibiotics — the last line of defense. And so far, they’ve emerged mainly in health care facilities, killing the weakest of patients.
The bacteria made headlines this summer after a CRE strain battered the National Institutes of Health Clinical Center outside Washington, D.C. Seven died, including a 16-year-old boy. But that case was neither the first nor the worst of the attacks.
Read Lots More at the Link!
My best guess is this is a lab created bug to depopulate.
It may spread by chemtrail spraying.
VERY easy for hospital workers to intentionally spread bugs.
They *cant* find a cure because they dont want to.
Bangladesh slaughters 150,000 birds over avian flu
Dec 26, 2012 Bangladesh's livestock authorities are slaughtering around 150,000 chickens at a giant poultry farm near Dhaka after the worst outbreak of avian flu in five years.
The deadly H5N1 strain of flu was detected at Bay Agro farm at Gazipur, 40 kilometres (25 miles) north of Dhaka, on Monday after dozens of chickens died, prompting the company to send samples to a laboratory for tests.
"There are about 150,000 chickens at the farm. We have already killed and destroyed 120,000 chickens and we will kill the rest today," livestock department director Mosaddeq Hossain told AFP, adding it was the worst bird flu outbreak in five years.
Bangladesh was hit by bird flu in February 2007, when over one million birds were slaughtered on thousands of farms. Since then the flu has entrenched in the country, seriously ravaging one of the world's largest poultry industries.
The last major outbreak was in March 2010 when at least 117,000 chickens and 200,000 eggs were destroyed at a farm in northern Bangladesh.
The latest outbreak is the 23rd to be recorded this year. Even before the new mass slaughter, a total of 107,252 chickens had been destroyed in 22 farms, said Ataur Rahman, a livestock control room official.
The country has also reported six confirmed human cases of bird flu since May 2008, but the government's health department said all have recovered.
Flu widespread in 41 states...
REPORT: Vaccine doesn't include spreading strain...
18 children dead; 'still accelerating'...
H1N1 Flu Deaths in China; 1 million treated in week...
TENTS SET UP FOR FLU VICTIMS
Chicago hospitals turning away flu cases, no room...
Visitor restrictions in 'epicenter' of outbreak...
Common STD Grows Resistant to Treatment in North America
Jan 9, 2013 Scientific American
The most commonly acquired sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in the U.S., chlamydia and gonorrhea, are usually cleared out swiftly and easily with a dose of oral antibiotics. But one of these infections is growing bold and finding ways to evade treatment.
More than 321,000 cases of gonorrhea are reported each year in the U.S. alone--and the actual number of annual infections is probably much higher because many people do not experience symptoms. The infection has lost much of its social stigma since antibiotics were enlisted to fight it off earlier last century. But left untreated today, it can still cause pelvic inflammation, severe pregnancy complications and female infertility. Its presence increases the odds of an infection with HIV, and babies born to women with untreated gonorrhea are at risk of blindness.
Although antibiotics have reduced this infection to little more than a modern-day inconvenience for most, the bacterium (Neisseria gonorrhoeae) has been steadily evolving to knock out medical weapons. Sulfonamides ceased to be effective in treating it in the 1940s; penicillins and tetracyclines lost effectiveness in the 1970s and '80s; and fluoroquinolones were taken off the treatment table in 2007.
The last simple treatment, a class of antibiotics called cephalosporins, appears to be weakening against gonorrhea infections worldwide. And that drug resistance has now reached North America in sizable numbers, according to a new study, published online January 8 in JAMA, The Journal of the American Medical Association.
Resistance to the commonly prescribed oral antibiotic cefixime (a cephalosporin) was first detected several years ago in Japan. Since then, public health officials have been watching the phenomenon spread to Europe and now to North America.
Flu season has Boston declaring health emergency
Jan 9, 2013 Boston declared a public health emergency as the city tried to deal with a harsh flu season and the state reported 18 flu-related deaths so far.
The city is working with health care centers to offer free flu vaccines and also hopes to set up places where people can get vaccinated. The city said there had been four flu-related deaths, all elderly residents, since the unofficial start of the flu season on Oct. 1.
Boston Mayor Thomas Menino said there had been about 700 confirmed cases of the flu in Boston so far this season, compared with 70 all of last season.
Massachusetts was one of 29 states reporting high levels of "influenza-like illness," according to the most recent weekly flu advisory issued by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
wash your hands.
If you get sick, cover your cough and sneeze with your elbow, not your hand so you are less likely to spread the virus.
Flu season hits South Florida early
Jan 9, 2013 An early outbreak of the seasonal flu sickening much of America is starting to hit more South Floridians with its hacking, feverish symptoms.
Since mid-December, Broward County emergency rooms have been seeing about twice the volume of patients coming in with flu-like symptoms than they typically see this time of year, said Dr. Nabil El Sanadi, chief of emergency medicine at Broward Health.
"And we're ready for it to increase a little more" in the coming weeks, he said.
Flu Outbreak: Fighting the Virus With Social Media
The flu season has arrived — and it’s weeks early.
In one week, 16 states and New York City reported high levels of the flu. By the following week, that number was up to 29.
Each day for the past week, more than 500 New Yorkers have descended on emergency rooms with flu symptoms, according to a city website.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, in high flu states 70 percent to 80 percent of the coughs you hear around you right now stem from the flu.
Each cough, sneeze or even conversation puts the virus into the air — and potentially into your lungs.
The virus goes everywhere — onto railings and the salt shakers in the diner; on the keys of the ATM; and on every door anyone touches.
The flu virus can survive two to eight hours on hard surfaces such as metal and plastic — touch it and you can spread it to your nose and mouth from your hand.
The average person touches his or her face about 18 times an hour — giving the virus a path to the lungs.
In one meeting, ABC News recorded the number of times people unconsciously touched their faces in more than 25 minutes. The highest number of times: 44.
There are now new tools to track the flu.
The CDC is watching social media flu sites such as Google Flu Tracker, and a Facebook app tries to identify the “friend” that gave you the flu from its searches and comments.
Flunearyou.org has 20,000 volunteers who are tracking their symptoms, narrowing the spread of flu down to your ZIP code.
An office hot spot? The elevator. One sneeze can spray the flu — in droplets — up to 20 feet, coating the doors and buttons. And what do you touch in an elevator? The buttons.
Those at high risk for severe disease — young children, seniors, pregnant women, those with medical problems — should see their doctor. Antiviral drugs might prevent your illness from getting worse.
Contagion Trailer 2011
Predictive Programming at its best (or worst)
Heb 2:9 But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels for the suffering of death, crowned with glory and honour; that he by the grace of God should taste death for every man.
Heb 2:10 For it became him, for whom are all things, and by whom are all things, in bringing many sons unto glory, to make the captain of their salvation perfect through sufferings.
Heb 2:11 For both he that sanctifieth and they who are sanctified are all of one: for which cause he is not ashamed to call them brethren,
Heb 2:12 Saying, I will declare thy name unto my brethren, in the midst of the church will I sing praise unto thee.
Heb 2:13 And again, I will put my trust in him. And again, Behold I and the children which God hath given me.
Heb 2:14 Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil;
Heb 2:15 And deliver them who through fear of death were all their lifetime subject to bondage.
Flu "picks up steam" across the U.S.
Jan 9, 2013 (CNN) - The flu has been spreading fiercely across the United States, with more than half of states reporting widespread activity. The season has started earlier, and cases are more severe than last year, health officials say.
The latest Centers for Disease Control and Prevention flu advisory report, which covers the week of December 23 to 29, suggests that 41 states have widespread influenza activity, which was an increase of 31 states from the previous week. The CDC will issue an update on the flu situation Friday.
There have so far been 2,257 hospitalizations associated with laboratory-confirmed flu virus, the CDC report said. Among children, there have been 18 deaths reported during this season.
In Massachusetts, one of the 29 states that the CDC has identified as having high activity of influenza-like illness, Boston Mayor Thomas Menino declared a public health emergency in the city because of the flu.
Since October 1, there have been 700 confirmed influenza cases among Boston residents, according to Menino's office; that's 10 times more than were seen in all of last year's flu season.
Menino is collaborating with the Boston Public Health Commission and community health centers to offer free vaccination clinics this weekend. The mayor urged residents to stay home from work or school if they are sick, and to get their flu shots.
"This is the worst flu season we've seen since 2009, and people should take the threat of flu seriously," Menino said in a statement. More than 4% of emergency department visits at Boston hospitals are from flu cases, up from 1% during non-flu season.
New strain of norovirus spreads around the world
Jan 9, 2013 LONDON (Reuters) - A new strain of the winter vomiting disease norovirus has spread to France, New Zealand and Japan from Australia and is overtaking all others to become the dominant strain in Britain, health officials said on Wednesday.
The norovirus variant, known as Sydney 2012, was identified in a scientific paper last week and Britain's Health Protection Agency (HPA) said genetic testing showed it was now causing more cases in England and Wales than other strains.
Sydney 2012 does not carry worse symptoms than others but, like other norovirus strains, it can cause violent and projectile vomiting, diarrhea and sometimes fevers, headaches and stomach cramps.
Norovirus cases have risen earlier than expected this winter in Britain, across Europe, Japan and other parts of the world.
Norovirus, the "Ferrari of the virus world"
Poor Larry isn't looking too good. He's pale and clammy and he's been projectile vomiting over and over again while his carers just stand by and watch.
Yet their lack of concern for Larry is made up for by their intense interest in how far splashes of his vomit can fly, and how effectively they evade attempts to clean them up.
Larry is a "humanoid simulated vomiting system" designed to help scientists analyze contagion. And like millions around the world right now, he's struggling with norovirus - a disease one British expert describes as "the Ferrari of the virus world".
"Norovirus is one of the most infectious viruses of man," said Ian Goodfellow, a professor of virology at the department of pathology at Britain's University of Cambridge, who has been studying noroviruses for 10 years.
"It takes fewer than 20 virus particles to infect someone. So each droplet of vomit or gram of feces from an infected person can contain enough virus to infect more than 100,000 people."
Flu spreads to 47 states, but may be starting to wane
Jan 11, 2013 Flu activity remains high across the United States, but there are signs this year's bad season may be waning in some areas, government health officials said Friday.
Forty-seven states reported widespread flu activity as of the week ending Jan. 5, up from 41 the previous week. Twenty-four states and New York City reported high levels of flu, but that was down from 29 states the week before, according to new data released by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Flu activity was up all across the U.S., except in the region that includes Arizona, California, Guam, Hawaii and Nevada, the new report showed.
Farley: ‘Severe’ Strain Of Flu Reaches Epidemic Proportions In New York City
Number Of Cases N.Y. State-Wide Nearly 5 Times Higher Than Last Year
January 10, 2013 Mayor Michael Bloomberg got a flu shot in October but still got the disease last month. Still, Bloomberg said that won’t stop him from getting vaccinated every year, CBS 2′s Marcia Kramer reported
FLU EPIDEMIC USA 2013
Please post USA FLU news on this link
Dengue showing global 'epidemic potential': WHO
The World Health Organisation said on Wednesday that it had charted progress in the fight against tropical diseases but warned that dengue fever was spreading at an alarming rate.
"In 2012, dengue ranked as the fastest spreading vector-borne viral disease, with an epidemic potential in the world, registering a 30-fold increase in disease incidence over the past 50 years," the Geneva-based UN agency said in a report released Wednesday.
Cuba fights choleraCuba fights cholera
Jan 20, 2013 Cholera has surfaced in Havana.
Cuban authorities said the infectious and sometimes deadly disease cholera had struck in Havana.
51 confirmed cases in the outbreak of the bacterial infection of the small intestine, which causes severe diarrhea and vomiting.
Cuba said the outbreak appeared to be caused by a food vendor who had not followed proper sanitary procedures.
US Hit Ny New Stomach Bug
Spreading Around the Globe
A new strain of stomach bug sweeping the globe is taking over in the U.S., health officials say. Since September, more than 140 outbreaks in the U.S. have been caused by the new Sydney strain of norovirus. It may not be unusually dangerous; some scientists don't think it is. But it is different, and many people might not be able to fight off its gut-wrenching effects.
Mysterious SARS-linked virus spreads across UK
2/11/13 LONDON — British officials have found the world's 10th known case of a new coronavirus, a mysterious disease related to SARS and first identified last year.
The patient, a U.K. resident who had been in the Middle East and Pakistan, is in the intensive care unit of a Manchester hospital, according to a statement Monday from Britain's Health Protection Agency.
Coronaviruses are a family of viruses that are behind ailments including the common cold and SARS. SARS killed about 800 people in a global epidemic in 2003.
In past cases, patients with the new coronavirus had symptoms including acute breathing problems and kidney failure.
There is no proof the virus spreads easily between humans, but experts suspect humans can catch it from animals such as bats or camels.
All the previous cases have had links to the Middle East, but last year, the World Health Organization said the virus was probably more widespread.
It recommended countries test anyone with unexplained pneumonia for the virus.
Mexico: Bird flu outbreak hits 582,000 chickens
2/15/13 Mexico's animal health agency says a bird flu outbreak at seven farms in central Mexico has affected as many as 582,000 chickens.
The Agriculture Department says more than a half million birds were exposed, but the number that will have to be slaughtered has yet to be determined.
An outbreak of the H7N3 bird flu virus in western Mexico in 2012 led to the slaughter of more than 22 million hens and caused price increases in chicken and egg products.
But the department said Friday that the current outbreak has not affected the supply of chicken products.
It said tests were continuing to determine the exact strain of virus involved in the outbreak, but said it did not affect humans.
Mexico's nationwide flock amounts to 137 million birds.
Bird flu found at German farm; ducks slaughtered
2/16/13 About 14,000 ducks at a German farm are being slaughtered following a bird flu outbreak.
A federal laboratory confirmed Friday the H5N1 virus was detected at the farm near Seelow, east of Berlin — the first such finding in Germany in more than three years.
On Saturday, officials started slaughtering the farm's ducks. Local council spokesman Tobias Seyfarth told news agency dpa that all poultry within a one-kilometer (half-mile) radius of the facility will be kept under observation for the next 21 days, with owners told to keep their birds where they are and report any symptoms.
The H5N1 virus normally spreads between sick poultry, but it can sometimes spread from poultry to humans. Bird flu has killed 367 people worldwide since surfacing in 2003, the World Health Organization says.
TEXAS - New law needed to combat West Nile Virus
Feb. 19, 2013 Dallas County Judge Clay Jenkins this morning said that county officials are working with Texas lawmakers to help fight the spread of mosquito-borne West Nile Virus, which killed 36 people in a four-county area of North Texas last year. Nearly 1,000 others contracted the virus.
State Sen. John Carona (R-Dallas) authored a bill that would grant certain public officials, like health and environmental inspectors, narrow powers to enter abandoned residential properties and treat stagnant water with larvicide without prior notice.
Under the current version of the bill, officials would have to leave a notice on the residence’s front door saying what was treated, what chemicals were used and what potential side effects are to humans and animals.
The bill passed the Texas Senate’s Health and Human Services committee yesterday.
“We need the legislature to give us the law so we can more quickly get to the swimming pools and those sources,” Jenkins said.
Tuberculosis outbreak in downtown L.A. sparks federal effort
2/21/13 Public health officials have launched a new, coordinated effort to contain a persistent outbreak of tuberculosis in downtown L.A.’s skid row, including searching for more than 4,500 people who may have been exposed to the disease.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have dispatched scientists to Los Angeles to help local health officials figure out why the disease is spreading and how to stop it.
Nearly 80 tuberculosis cases have been identified and 11 people have died since 2007, most of them homeless people who live in and around skid row.
Scientists have recently linked the outbreak to one tuberculosis strain that is unique to Los Angeles, with a few isolated cases outside the area.
“This is the largest outbreak in a decade,” said Jonathan Fielding, director of the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health. “We are really putting all of our resources into this.”
Warning of Rare superbug in U.S.
March 2, 2013 The CDC is alerting clinicians of an emerging untreatable multidrug-resistant organism in the United States.
There are many forms of Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE), but of the 37 forms reported in the U.S., 15 have been reported in less than a year.
The CDC said the increase in CRE means health care providers need to act aggressively to prevent the emergence and spread of these unusual CRE organisms.
Enterobacteriaceae lives in water, soil and the human gut. These surperbugs have developed high levels of resistance to antibiotics – even carbapanems. Individuals who usually develop CRE infections are those who are taking antibiotics and getting significant medical treatment for other conditions.
Nightmare' bacteria spreading in U.S. hospitals, nursing homes: CDC
Half of those infected die from this antibiotic-resistant bacteria.
A "nightmare" bacteria that is resistant to powerful antibiotics and kills half of those it infects has surfaced in nearly 200 U.S. hospitals and nursing homes, federal health officials reported.
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said 4 percent of U.S. hospitals and 18 percent of nursing homes had treated at least one patient with the bacteria, called Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE), within the first six months of 2012.
"CRE are nightmare bacteria. Our strongest antibiotics don't work and patients are left with potentially untreatable infections," CDC Director Dr. Thomas Frieden said in a news release. "Doctors, hospital leaders and public health [officials] must work together now to implement the CDC's 'detect and protect' strategy and stop these infections from spreading."
"The good news," Frieden added at an afternoon teleconference, "is we now have an opportunity to prevent its further spread." But, he continued, "We only have a limited window of opportunity to stop this infection from spreading to the community and spreading to more organisms."
CRE are in a family of more than 70 bacteria called enterobacteriaceae, including Klebsiella pneumoniae and E. coli, that normally live in the digestive system.
In recent years, some of these bacteria have become resistant to last-resort antibiotics known as carbapenems.
Although CRE bacteria are not yet found nationwide, they have increased fourfold within the United States in the past decade, with most cases reported in the Northeast.
Health officials said they're concerned about the rapid spread of the bacteria, which can endanger the lives of patients and healthy people. For example, in the last 10 years, the CDC tracked one CRE from one health-care facility to similar facilities in 42 states.
One type of CRE, a resistant form of Klebsiella pneumoniae, has increased sevenfold in the past decade, according to the CDC's March 5 Vital Signs report.
"To see bacteria that are resistant is worrisome, because this group of bacteria are very common," said Dr. Marc Siegel, clinical associate professor of medicine at NYU Langone Medical Center in New York City.
Most CRE infections to date have been in patients who had prolonged stays in hospitals, long-term facilities and nursing homes, the report said.
The bacteria kill up to half the patients whose bloodstream gets infected and are easily spread from patient to patient on the hands of health-care workers, the CDC said.
Moreover, CRE bacteria can transfer their antibiotic resistance to other bacteria of the same type.
This problem is the result of the overuse of antibiotics, Siegel said. "The more you use an antibiotic, the more resistance is going to emerge," he said. "This is an indictment of the overuse of this class of antibiotic."
What's needed are new antibiotics, Siegel said, adding that pharmaceutical companies lack the financial motivation to develop them right now. "Eventually, there will be enough resistance so drug companies will have a financial incentive. In the meantime, lives can be lost," he said.
Added Dr. Ghinwa Dumyati, associate professor of medicine at the University of Rochester in New York: "At this time, our best prevention is detection and infection control. The incidence [of CRE] is low and we are looking to prevent it before it gets much higher and we cannot control it."
To beat back the spread of these bacteria, the CDC wants hospitals and other health-care facilities to take the following steps:
• Enforce infection-control precautions.
• Group together patients with CRE.
• Segregate staff, rooms and equipment to patients with CRE.
• Tell facilities when patients with CRE are transferred.
• Use antibiotics carefully.
Additional funding of research and technology is critical to prevent and quickly identify CRE, the CDC said.
Countries where CRE is more common have had some success controlling it.
Israel, for example, worked to reduce CRE in its 27 hospitals, and CRE rates dropped by more than 70 percent. Some U.S. facilities and states have also seen similar reductions, the agency said.
"We have seen in outbreak after outbreak that when facilities and regions follow the CDC's prevention guidelines, CRE can be controlled and even stopped," Dr. Michael Bell, acting director of the CDC's Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion, said in the news release. "As trusted health-care providers, it is our responsibility to prevent further spread of these deadly bacteria."
Siegel said there are measures patients can take to reduce their risk of infection. "No. 1 on the list is [not to] wish that your hospital stay is extended. Patients think they are safer at the hospital, but that may not be true," he said. "And try to go into a clean hospital."
Patients should also make sure doctors and staff wear gloves and wash their hands when treating them, he said.
Cambodia orders action to stop deadly bird flu
PHNOM PENH — Phnom Penh on Friday ordered urgent action to stem the "worrying" number of bird flu deaths in Cambodia, following a surge in the number of fatalities from the virus. Prime Minister Hun Sen issued a directive for police, agriculture and health departments to join forces to combat the virus, which has killed eight people since the beginning of the year -- the worst recorded outbreak in a nation that has seen a total of 27 bird flu deaths in a decade. "Although there have been preventive measures taken by specialist institutions, the spread and the rate of human deaths from bird flu is at a worrying level," the order said.
H5N1 infections detected in Myanmar poultry
Myanmar detected abnormal chicken deaths in poultry farms in 2012 and dead chickens were traded without permission from authorities, an official from the epidemiology section of the Livestock Breeding and Veterinary Department (LBVD) told Eleven Media Group. Some townships in the country have been regarded as special zones for breeding chickens and quails. The townships include Monywa, Shwebo, Mandalay in the middle and upper Myanmar, Kyaukme and Taunggyi in Shan State, Bago region and Nyaungnapin in Yangon region. In January 2013, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) and Myanmar Livestock Breeding and Veterinary Department (LBVD) had lectured the poultry owners about avian influenza in chickens and human, and surveyed the occurrence of H5N1.
CDC announces H5N1 vaccination
The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) announced on Saturday that amid the spreading of the H5N1 avian flu, a government-funded vaccine is now available for voluntary recipients who are at high risk of exposure to the influenza virus. Starting on Friday, the CDC began to provide a vaccine against the H5N1 avian influenza and the service will continue until the end of August, the agency said. The CDC recommended that people who work in the inspection and quarantine sectors, medical institutes and those who frequently visit countries with reported outbreaks of H5N1 bird flu should get vaccinated against the virus. The H5N1 strain of bird flu was detected only in poultry at first, but has undergone genetic mutations in recent years which have resulted in human cases of the infection, the CDC said.
FLU NEWS SCAN: Human H5N1 vaccination in Taiwan, FAO inks China lab collaboration
FAO designates China lab an animal flu reference center
The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) today designated an animal influenza lab in northeastern China as one of its animal influenza reference centers, according to Xinhua, China's state news agency. The Animal Influenza Laboratory (AIL) is part of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences' Harbin Veterinary Research Institute in Harbin, the capital of Heillongjiang province. The AIL is China's first FAO reference center. Juan Lubroth, DVM, PhD, chief veterinary officer for the FAO, said the lab will share information and conduct joint projects with the FAO on animal influenza surveillance, prevention, control, epidemiology, and genetic analysis. Yu Kangzheng, China's chief veterinary officer, told Xinhua that establishing the new reference lab will expand cooperation between the FAO and China and will strengthen cross-border disease control efforts among a host of countries.
CRE Outbreak Grapples Hospitals across US
A superbug called carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) has been reported to affect the hospitals across the US but has spared the community as of now.
The health officials have warned against the deadly bacteria that are spreading across the medical facilities of the country. These bacteria are said to be very powerful and can easily resist the effects of strongest antibiotics available.
However, the authorities at the Regional Hospital in Rapid City have asked the patients to not to panic about the CRE spread. They affirmed that they have taken strict steps to avoid the spread of the bug at the facility by implementing an infection control surveillance and antibiotic stewardship program.
The program has proved successful in checking the spread of disease at the hospital. "Our goal is to monitor bacteria one step before it gets to this point and put very aggressive isolation precautions on for that stage before it gets any worse", said the Chief Medical Officer of Regional Health, Dr. James Keegan.
CRE is immune to carbapenem antibiotics, which are said to `drug of last resort'. It is common in the northeastern part of the country where hospitals of 42 states have reported the infection. Observing the aggressiveness of the bacteria, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has called it "nightmare bacteria".
U.S. warns health officials to be alert for deadly new virus
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) on Thursday warned state and local health officials about potential infections from a deadly virus previously unseen in humans that has now sickened 14 people and killed 8.
Most of the infections have occurred in the Middle East, but a new analysis of three confirmed infections in Britain suggests the virus can pass from person to person rather than from animal to humans, the CDC said in its Weekly Morbidity and Mortality Report on Thursday.
The virus is a coronavirus, part of the same family of viruses as the common cold and the deadly outbreak of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) that first emerged in Asia in 2003. The new virus is not the same as SARS, but like the SARS virus, it is similar to those found in bats.
So far, no cases have been reported in the United States.
Bird flu outbreak in Bihar
Patna, March 11: More than 2,000 chickens were culled and a large quantity of eggs destroyed in Bihar's Purnea district in the last 24 hours following an outbreak of avian flu, officials said Monday. Purnea District Magistrate Manish Verma said bird flu was detected last week. "More birds would be culled as a precautionary step. The administration had issued bird flu alert as a preventive measure. We are fully prepared to deal with an outbreak," the district magistrate said.
An official of the animal husbandry department said the state government had also alerted neighbouring districts of Kishanganj, Katihar and Araria, and asked concerned officials to take emergency measures in view of the bird flu outbreak in Purnea. Verma told IANS over telephone that kits, medicines and other material have been distributed to all medical centres for treatment of any patient suspected to be affected by bird flu. "Till date, no case has been reported in the district," Verma said.
The district magistrate said 15 teams of officials have been formed to check the spread of bird flu and ensure that birds and eggs from the district were not sent outside Purnea. Purnea is about 350 km from the state capital. "All entries along the border of the district have been sealed and additional officials have been deployed to prevent traders from sending birds outside," an official said. Purnea is a major supplier of chicken across Bihar; fowl and eggs from the district also find their way to markets in neighbouring West Bengal.
WHO confirms 15th case of deadly new virus in Saudi Arabia
By Kate Kelland. LONDON | Tue Mar 12, 2013 8:51pm EDT. LONDON (Reuters) - A Saudi man infected with a deadly new virus from the same family as SARS has died, becoming the ninth patient in the world to be killed the disease which has so far infected ...