MERS virus in USAMERS virus in USA
CDC confirms first case of MERS infection in US
May 2, 2014 Health officials say a deadly virus from the Middle East has turned up for the first time in the U.S.
No details about the case have been released. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention planned a Friday afternoon briefing about the case.
The CDC says it is investigating along with health officials in Indiana.
Middle East respiratory syndrome — or MERS — first surfaced two years ago. Since then, at least 400 cases of the respiratory illness have been reported, and more than 100 people have died.
Saudi Arabia was been the center of the outbreak. All the victims have had ties to the Middle East or to someone who traveled there.
The virus has been found in camels, but officials don't know how it is spreading to humans.
MERS Replicative Capacity
Replicative Capacity of MERS Coronavirus in Livestock Cell Lines.
Only cell lines originating from goats and camels showed efficient replication of MERS-CoV.
This article is well worth the read.
MERS and other virus
HEALTH NEWS section
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HARBINGER WARNINGS - Isaiah 9 prophecy
ZionsCRY NEWS with prophetic analysis
MERS (camel flu) in Indiana U.S.A.
May 3, 2014 An American man traveled on April 24 from Riyadh to London, then to Chicago, and took a bus to Indiana. He became short of breath, coughing, and fever on April 27, and was admitted to Community Hospital in Munster, Indiana, on April 28. He has been isolated and is in stable condition. He is receiving oxygen support, but does not require a ventilator.
Health officials have issued advice to passengers on board his flight passing through London.
BA flight 262 from Riyadh passed through Heathrow on 24 April.
People sitting near the passenger have been contacted.
The infected man was a health care worker from Saudi Arabia.
Saudi Arabia has said more than 100 people infected with MERS (Middle East respiratory syndrome) have died since 2012.
MERS has an incubation period of up to 14 days.
MERS causes fever, pneumonia and kidney failure.
The MERS infection is a coronavirus, a large family of viruses that also includes the common cold and SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome).
Human-to-human transmission of the virus was extremely rare.
The rate of MERS infections is increasing
The first fatality was recorded in June 2012 in Saudi Arabia
Coronaviruses like MERS are fairly fragile and easily destroyed by cleaning agents
GOOD MAP HERE - MERS - NATIONS
May 14, 2014 Two health care workers exposed to a MERS patient went to the emergency room with flu-like symptoms.
The Orlando, Florida patient is the second confirmed case of MERS in the United States.
One worker in Orlando began showing symptoms 72 hours after exposure to the MERS patient and was sent home. The other one, whose symptoms began 24 hours after exposure, was admitted to the same hospital.
"We're just waiting for the results from the testing that was done yesterday to decide about discharge," Crespo said.
Two confirmed U.S. cases
The Florida confirmed MERS patient visited Orlando hosp. May 5 and admitted to another hospital on May 9.
The first U.S. case in Indiana was released from a hospital into home isolation.
CDC advisories will be posted at US airports to alert travelers about the virus.
The second infected US patient was confirmed as such May 10. The man, 44, is a health care worker who resides and works in Saudi Arabia, who traveled by plane May 1 from Jeddah to London, England, then to Boston, Atlanta, and Orlando
MERS is a camel virus
ILLINOIS - 3rd MERS case in USA
May 18, 2014 MERS is spreading human to human.
MERS does not appear to spread easily among people.
The cases of spread involve close contact, such as sexual contact.
I do not see any source saying homosexual contact, but I am thinking probably that.
Illinois resident catches deadly virus from another sufferer in U.S. and becomes the third American to fall sick.
Until now the only known cases of the virus have been picked up in the Middle East.
MERS was first identified in Saudi Arabia and has no known cure, treatment or vaccine.
It is a respiratory virus with symptoms of fever, coughing and shortness of breath.
The Illinois man was infected by Indiana MERS patient.
An Illinois man became infected with MERS after being in close (sexual?) contact with a MERS patient who was treated at Community Hospital in Munster, Indiana.
The Illinois man was never sick enough to seek out medical care. Health officials tested him as part of their investigation into all the known contacts of the Indiana patient.
DNA evidence indicates that the virus that causes MERS originated in camels before mutating in a way that allowed it to spread to humans.
Third case of MERS confirmed in Illinois
The first case of the virus, known as MERS-CoV, was confirmed on May 2 in a health care worker who flew from Saudi Arabia to Indiana through Chicago.
The man in Illinois tested negative on an initial test May 5, but a second test result was positive on May 16. While the man did not develop symptoms, he may have developed antibodies to the virus.
3rd MERS infection in USA
Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus is new to humans and was first reported in Saudi Arabia in 2012.
The two men shook hands.
LOL! If you wash your hands I am sure you wont get MERS!
Its highly probably the 2 men did more than just shake hands.
MERS VIRUS SPREAD IN US, BUT 2ND MAN NOT SICK
Should we be concerned about the threat of MERS? – May 17, 2014
CDC: Illinois man is 3rd reported case of MERS in nation
May 18, 2014 A U.S. citizen previously hospitalized in Indiana with Middle East Respiratory Syndrome, or MERS, has passed the potentially fatal virus to an Illinois man, federal health officials said Saturday. Health officials originally contacted the Illinois resident earlier this month after learning that he had met with the Indiana patient on two occasions prior to the Indiana man’s hospitalization, according to a release from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. An initial test of the Illinois man on May 5 came back negative for an active MERS-CoV infection, officials said. But further testing revealed that the man had in fact been previously infected with the virus. The Illinois man did not require medical care, officials said, and is reportedly feeling well. Local health officials are continuing to monitor the man’s health condition, officials said. The man’s body likely developed antibodies that fought off the MERS virus, health officials said. “This latest development does not change CDC’s current recommendations to prevent the spread of MERS,” Dr. David Swerdlow, head of the agency’s MERS response team, said in the release. “It’s possible that as the investigation continues others may also test positive for MERS-CoV infection but not get sick.” State and local health officials will partner with the CDC to continue the investigation into possible cases of the disease. A second case of MERS in the United States was reported on May 11 in Florida. The virus was first reported in 2012 in Saudi Arabia, and has spread to 572 confirmed cases in 15 countries, health officials said. The potentially fatal disease has claimed 173 lives. –Chicago Tribune
Saudi Arabia reports 3 more MERS deaths, as WHO calls on countries to step up prevention
May 17, 2014 – Health authorities in Saudi Arabia have reported three more fatalities from the MERS respiratory virus, taking the death toll in the world’s worst-hit country to 163. The health ministry website also revealed on Saturday that 520 cases have been recorded in the country since MERS appeared in Saudi Arabia in 2012. It said three women died on Friday; a 48-year-old in Riyadh, a 67-year-old in Taif, and woman in Jeddah whose age was not disclosed. A spate of cases among staff at King Fahd Hospital in Jeddah last month sparked public panic and the dismissal of its director and the health minister. Other nations including Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, the Netherlands, the UAE and the US have also recorded cases, mostly in people who had been to Saudi Arabia. On Wednesday, the World Health Organization said its emergency committee, which includes global medical and policy experts, had flagged mounting concerns about the potentially fatal virus. The WHO called on countries to improve infection prevention and control, collect more data on MERS and to be vigilant in preventing it from spreading to vulnerable countries, notably in Africa.
But it has so far stopped short of declaring an international health emergency, which would have far-reaching implications such as travel and trade restrictions on affected countries. A WHO team carried out a five-day inspection visit to Saudi Arabia earlier this month and pinpointed breaches in its recommended infection prevention measures as being partly responsible for the spike in hospital infections. MERS is considered a deadlier but less transmissible cousin of the SARS virus that appeared in Asia in 2003 and infected 8,273 people, nine percent of whom died. Like SARS, it appears to cause a lung infection, with patients suffering coughing, breathing difficulties and a temperature, but MERS can also causes rapid kidney failure. –Al Jazeera
MERS, SARS Corona virus - all about the same, not much variation.
Lab virus? bio weapon?
H1N1 * H5N1 * H7N9 * H10N8 * MERS, SARS
Cats and dogs to be tested for mysterious Mers infection
5/26/14 Scientists are soon to test cats, dogs and even rats as they seek to understand the mysterious Mers infection.
Middle East Respiratory Syndrome was first discovered in 2012 and has so far killed about 200 people globally.
While the virus that causes it has been found widely in camels, researchers say it could be lurking in other species.
One expert told BBC News that the hunt was likely to extend soon to animals that had close contact with people.
Mers was originally found in a patient from Bishah in Saudi Arabia but since then almost 600 cases of the infection have been discovered around the world, with about 30% of those who get sick dying from the illness.
Researchers believe the coronavirus that causes the infection crossed over from animals.
As the numbers of people infected by the virus rose, scientists sought to test common animals in the Middle East for exposure.
Using blood samples from camels in the Canary Islands, Dutch researchers found the first antibodies to the disease. They liken these antibodies to footprints, indicating that the virus had once passed through the animal.
A recent study showed conclusively that the version of the virus circulating in humans is indistinguishable from the one that's been found in camels.
However, the lead author of that report, Dr Thomas Briese from Columbia University in New York, believes that there are many unanswered questions about the disease.
He points to the fact that if camels were the sole route of infection, then the illness should be more prevalent among those who work with or are in close contact with the animals.
And there have been a small number of cases of people dying from Mers who have no known relationship with camels.
"We do have these sporadic cases where there is no known exposure to known cases and we question where do they catch the virus," he told BBC News.
"In some cases there was animal contact or camel contact but in others not, so there is no clear definitive picture yet."
Dr Briese says that other species, including goats and sheep, have been tested but haven't shown antibodies indicating exposure.
Another report showed that the geographic distribution of the disease in camels is far more widespread than previously thought, with significant reservoirs in Nigeria, Ethiopia and Tunisia.
Adding to the Mers mystery, there have been no reports of people dying from the respiratory infection in these areas.
These unknowns, says Dr Briese, are pushing researchers to extend the search for the Mers coronavirus to domestic animals.
"The others that we are looking into or are trying to look into are cats, dogs - where there is more intimate contact - and any other wild species we can get serum from that we are not currently getting."
The issue of how to tackle Mers will be on the agenda here in Paris, at the congress of the world organisation for animal health (OIE).
Addressing this meeting of veterinarians and ministers, the head of the World Health Organization (WHO), Dr Margaret Chan also struck a note of caution on the role of camels in the spread of the disease.
"Our current concern, of course, is about the human cases of Mers. I thank OIE for a very balanced scientific assessment on the possible role of camels in the transmission cycle.
"The evidence, however, is by no means conclusive and we need to know this as we issue advice to the public."
One of the biggest worries about Mers is that the virus will mutate and become more easily spread among humans. So far there is no evidence that has happened.
"It can happen at any time - mutations occur randomly," said Dr Briese.
"The larger the numbers the higher the probability. That's the point of trying to stem these human infections."
Work on the development of a vaccine has shown some progress although it is still highly experimental. Scientists say that if one is developed it will most likely be used on animals like camels and not on humans.