April 07, 2010 Picturesque, troubled Kyrgyzstan vital for U.S. interests
It seems Russia has invaded this nation on the Afgan border. I do not understand it.
Both Russia and the US have airbases in Kyrgyzstan, and their presence has been the focus of debate in recent months.
The US base at Manas is crucial to its operations in Afghanistan but its lease is due to expire in July 2010.
Kyrgyz opposition says it will rule for 6 months, assured the U.S. it can keep a strategic air base here, at least for now.
Opposition leader Omurbek Tekebayev said Russia played its role in ousting Bakiyev and that there was a "high probability that the duration of the US air base's presence in Kyrgyzstan will be shortened."
Washington DC has played down concerns over the future of the base.
The International Fellowship of Christians and Jews (IFCJ) sent monetary aid to Jews trapped in politically unstable Kyrgyzstan,
where the opposition overthrew the government following a series of violent protests. Rabbi Yehiel Eckstein is currently in the country,
trying to contact Jews. There are about 2,000 Jews living in Kyrgyzstan.
Posted <*))))>< by
ZionsCRY NEWS with Prophetic Commentary
Kyrgyz opposition says it will rule for 6 monthsKyrgyz opposition says it will rule for 6 months
BISHKEK, Kyrgyzstan (AP)
Consolidating their victory after a bloody uprising, opposition leaders declared Thursday they would hold power in Kyrgyzstan for six months and assured the U.S. it can keep a strategic air base here — at least for now.
There were signs of instability, though, as deposed President Kurmanbek Bakiyev refused to relinquish power after the revolt, which left at least 75 people dead and hundreds wounded. As he spoke, gunfire broke out after nightfall in the capital, Bishkek.
With darkness descending, roving bands of armed marauders trawled the streets of the capital, despite warnings from the opposition leadership that looters would be shot.
Crowds gathering at the ransacked government headquarters earlier in the day angrily shouted anti-Bakiyev slogans. Still, the mood was subdued as residents came to terms with the scale of the violence unleashed against the mostly unarmed protesters by government troops a day earlier.
Newly appointed Kyrgyz security officials warned they would use every means to restore calm and bring an end to the nighttime lawlessness that terrorized Bishkek after Wednesday's clashes.
The former Soviet nation is home to a key U.S. military base supporting the fighting in Afghanistan that opposition figures have in the past said they wanted to see shut down. Kyrgyzstan also hosts a Russian military base and is the only nation where both Cold War foes have bases.
Roza Otunbayeva, a former foreign minister now heading the interim government, said there were no plans yet to review the lease agreement for the Manas air base, which runs out in July. She said her government would meet U.S. diplomats for talks in Bishkek.
"Give us time, it will take time for us to understand and fix the situation," Otunbayeva said.
U.S. military officials said Kyrgyzstan halted flights for 12 hours Wednesday, confining troops to the air base; they did not say if flights had resumed. Some 1,100 troops are stationed there, including contingents from Spain and France, in support of NATO operations in Afghanistan.
Barack Obama and Russian President Dmitry Medvedev discussed Kyrgyzstan before signing an arms treaty in Prague on Thursday.
Michael McFaul, Obama's senior director for Russian affairs, emphasized that the U.S. did not view the conflict as any kind of proxy struggle between the U.S. and Russia.
"The people that are allegedly running Kyrgyzstan ... these are all people we've had contact with for many years," McFaul said. "This is not some anti-American coup, that we know for sure. And this is not some sponsored-by-the-Russians coup, there's just no evidence of that."
Kyrgyzstan shares a 533-mile (858-kilometer) border with China and is a gateway to energy-rich Central Asian countries where the U.S., China and Russia are competing for dominance. China said it was "deeply concerned" about the violent uprising in its small western neighbor, echoing comments by the United States and Russia.
Otunbayeva said parliament had been dissolved and that she would head an interim government for six months before elections are called. She said the new government controlled four of the country's seven regions and called for Bakiyev to admit defeat.
"His business in Kyrgyzstan is finished," she said.
In a sign that Russia may lend its support to the opposition, Prime Minister Vladimir Putin called Otunbayeva on Thursday. Any suggestion that Russia is backing the new leadership would add to the pressure on Bakiyev to step down.
Russia sent in 150 paratroopers to its base to ensure the safety of the 400 military personnel and their families there, Russian state media reported.
Bakiyev, who fled the northern capital for his stronghold in the south, told a Russian radio station that "I don't admit defeat in any way." But he also said he recognized that "even though I am president, I don't have any real levers of power."
"What has taken place is a veritable orgy carried out by armed groups and I do not believe this is a defeat for me," Bakiyev said.
He spoke from southern Jalal-Abad region, where Bakiyev's popularity is said to remain high — raising concerns he might try to secure his survival by exploiting the split between the more urban north and rural south.
It was unclear if Bakiyev has any armed forces under his command. However, Koshbai Masirov, a government loyalist and former governor of Jalal-Abad, said Bakiyev had addressed people in the region and he expected him to retain their support.
Meanwhile, the newly appointed interim defense minister, Ismail Isakov, said the armed forces had joined the opposition and would not be used against protesters.
"Special forces and the military were used against civilians in Bishkek, Talas and other places," Isakov said. "This will not happen in the future."
Since coming to power in 2005 amid street protests known as the Tulip Revolution, Bakiyev had ensured a measure of stability. But the opposition said it came at the expense of democratic standards and accused Bakiyev of enriching himself and his family.
Piles of ash and smoldering debris filled the street Thursday outside the monolithic government headquarters, known as the White House, where marauders set fire to ransacked goods and trash overnight.
Jubilant young men stood atop gutted vehicles outside the building. Nearby, youths piled onto an armored personnel carrier, victoriously holding their arms aloft.
Fading bloodstains were still visible outside the White House, where dozens were killed by armed troops a day earlier. Young boys scurried in and out of the building, carrying away looted carpets.
As afternoon approached, the crowds swelled. But a somber mood hung in the air as one-minute tributes for those killed in the violence punctuated speeches by politicians and opposition supporters.
As night fell, gunshots rang out around Bishkek, where rumors spread of an attempt by armed Bakiyev loyalists to sow panic. The city of 1 million was plunged into darkness, with hotels and homeowners afraid to turn on their lights for fear of attracting attention.
Throughout the day, many expressed a sense of uneasy wariness about the future.
"We have kicked out Bakiyev, the people have taken power into their own hands, but we have no plans for the future," said Abdykerim Sadykov, a 42-year-old teacher in the crowd outside the White House. "We will wait until the opposition hatches a plan."
On Thursday, details emerged of the composition of the interim Cabinet, which has been drawn from a broad spectrum of opposition leaders, whose differences in the past have undermined attempts to weaken Bakiyev.
One area of consensus was on the decision to repeal sharp increases in heating and electricity bills that provoked widespread anger and helped precipitate this week's violence.
Otunbayeva's announcement at a packed briefing that cheap utilities would be restored and the recent privatization of a power company annulled elicited cheers and clapping from supporters crowding the hall.
But beyond the issue of utilities, the new team of ministers may have trouble forging a united platform.
Azimbek Beknazarov, a populist taking over a broad justice portfolio, vowed that the incoming authorities would hunt down those responsible for Wednesday's deaths.
"We are looking for those people that gave the order to open fire on demonstrators," he said. "We must find these criminals, we will not allow anybody to open fire on their own people."
Picturesque, troubled Kyrgyzstan vital for U.S. interestsKyrgyzstan vital for U.S. interests
April 8, 2010 Before this week, most Americans had likely never heard of Kyrgyzstan and even fewer could place it on a map.
But the central Asian nation, which is about the size of South Dakota, is important to U.S. foreign policy for one simple reason: a vital military base that about 50,000 troops pass through every month on their way in and out of Afghanistan.
The fate of the Manas Transit Center was thrown into question Wednesday when Kyrgyz President Kurmanbek Bakiev was forced to flee the capital after angry mobs seized government headquarters. Fighting between police and protesters left 75 people dead and hundreds injured, authorities said Thursday.
The protesters say they are in control of the government, but Bakiev sent word Thursday from southern Kyrgyzstan that he is not abandoning his duties.
The United States likely will retain use of the Manas facility even if Bakiev's opponents secure control of the government, said Alexander Cooley, a central Asia expert at Barnard College.
"It's going to survive, but it's going to generate a lot of noise, uncomfortable negotiations and a lot of hard bargaining," said Cooley, author of "Base Politics."
The Manas base plays a major role in internal Kyrgyzstan policy on several levels.
For starters, it is a major source of income in the small nation, which has a gross domestic product of less than $12 billion a year, according to the CIA World Factbook. The nation ranks 143rd in the world in terms of its GDP.
In exchange for use of the base, the United States provides about $180 million in aid to Kyrgyzstan each year, Cooley said. Although the United States does not pay rent for use of any bases in the world, Cooley said, about $60 million of the Kyrgyzstan aid is considered payment for access to the Manas facility.
In addition, Cooley said, Bakiev's political opponents say the United States pays about $160 million a year to buy fuel for American aircraft using the base.
"The base is as much an economic investment as much as it is a security investment," Cooley told CNN. "Kyrgyzstan does not have a lot of economic assets. That's why the base is important."
But the base also has deep significance to Bakiev's opponents, who see it as a symbol of the deposed president's corruption and U.S. complicity in his abuse of power.
"The United States stayed silent as Bakiev built a criminal state," Cooley said.
Political opponents believe that aid paid for use of the base went into Bakiev's pockets, not the country's coffers.
"That money went to companies and shady off-shore enterprises controlled by the family," said Cooley. "It's the actual site of tacit deals and corruption."
The new government has said it will address citizens' concerns.
Kyrgyzstan has had a troubled history since shortly after gaining independence when the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991. Also gaining independence that year were the three other "stans," as some people commonly refer to the region: Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.
"Kyrgyzstan seemed to be in the 1990s the one bright spot," Cooley said.
Askar Akaev, who had been president since 1990, started off as a good leader, Cooley said, "and politics were pretty pluralistic. Then, he started regressing."
Akaev increasingly turned to repression.
"As they do, he stayed a few years too many," said Cooley. "Bakiev was bad, but Akaev was a real thug."
As happened this week, opponents took to the streets in 2005 and drove Akaev from power. Bakiev won election as president in July 2005.
But he, too, soon started to maneuver to increase his power and consolidate control.
Demonstrations by political opponents in April, May and November 2006 led to the adoption of a new constitution that gave some of the president's powers to parliament and the government. A year later, the parliament voted to restore some of those powers to the presidency.
In September 2007, the new constitution was declared illegal, and Bakiev resumed having the presidential powers he had inherited when taking office.
"The president then dissolved parliament, called for early elections and gained control of the new parliament through his newly created political party, Ak Jol, in December 2007 elections," the CIA World Factbook says. "In July 2009, after months of harassment against his opponents and media critics, Bakiev won re-election in a presidential campaign that the international community deemed flawed.
"Just a few months later in October, Bakiev engineered changes in the government structure that further consolidated his already considerable hold on power."
The CIA World Factbook says concerns about Bakiev's rule, "included privatization of state-owned enterprises, negative trends in democracy and political freedoms, endemic corruption, improving interethnic relations, electricity generation and combating terrorism."
That such turmoil should fall upon such a country seems incongruous to some.
"Kyrgyz are great," Cooley said. "They are very hospitable. Very mild-mannered."
The CIA World Factbook describes Kyrgyzstan as a land of "incredible natural beauty and proud nomadic traditions."
With an estimated 2009 population of about 5.4 million, Kyrgyzstan ranks No. 111 among nations.
It is a landlocked country and entirely mountainous, with 94 percent of the nation 3,280 feet (1,000 meters) above sea level and an average elevation of 9,000 feet (2,750 meters), the CIA World Factbook says. The topography includes many tall peaks, glaciers and high-altitude lakes.
Nearly two-thirds of the nation's citizens belong to the Kyrgyz ethnic group, while nearly 14 percent are Uzbek and more than 12 percent are Russian, the CIA World Factbook says. Likewise, nearly 65 percent of the people speak Kyrgyz, which is the official language. Nearly 14 percent speak Uzbek and Russian is the language for more than 12 percent.
Three of every four citizens are Muslim and one in five are Russian Orthodox.
Although Kyrgyzstan shares a 533-mile (858-kilometer) border with China, most people identify with mother-nation Russia. Kyrgyzstan was formally annexed to Russia in 1876 and became a Soviet republic in 1936.
"There's a strong cultural affinity to Russia due to media, education and the Soviet legacy," Cooley said.
Still, China is knocking at the door.
"China has moved in, but it's been a very recent development," said Cooley. "Last year, China did a lot more trade there than Russia did. But there's very little cultural affiliation with China."
There is no seeming affinity for the United States, a distant nation tied in the minds and hearts of many Kyrgyz to corruption at home.
The question that remained unanswered this week was whether millions of dollars in U.S. aid would provide enough affiliation to allow continued use of the Manas Transit Center.
Kyrgyzstan Another Soros Color RevolutionKyrgyzstan
Another Soros "Color" Revolution
With Roza Otunbayeva as now official head of a new Kyrgyz interim "people's government,"
there is reason to believe that Washington will not be dissatisfied with the overthrow of her former "tulip" partner Bakiyev.
She has already confirmed that the American base at Manas will not be closed."
Abridged from "Kyrgyzstan and the Battle for Central Asia"
by Rick Rossoff
In April of 2005, Der Spiegel featured a report with the title "Revolutions Speed Russia's Disintegration."
In part it revealed the prime movers behind the events in Kyrgyzstan:
"As early as February," Roza Otunbayeva (left)- now the apparent head of the provisional government -
"pledged allegiance to a small group of partners and sponsors of the Kyrgyz revolution, to 'our American friends'
at Freedom House (who donated a printing press in Bishkek to the opposition), and to
George Soros, a speculator who previously helped unseat Edward Shevardnadze's government in Georgia.
"Trying to help the democratic process, the Americans poured some $12 million into Kyrgyzstan in the form of scholarships and donations -
and that was last year alone. Washington's State Department even funded TV station equipment
in the rebellious southern province town of Osh." 
In June George Soros was obliging enough to confirm Otunbayeva's gratitude was not without foundation by stating,
"I provided for Georgian public servants to get $1,200 a month....And now I am ready to support the creation of a fund like this in Kyrgyzstan." 
The two Georges - Bush and Soros - were not alone in fathering the "color" geostrategic transformations from the Balkans to the former Soviet Union and the Middle East. They received generous assistance from the likes of Freedom House, the National Endowment for Democracy, the National Democratic Institute, the International Republican Institute and other alleged non-governmental organizations.
A week after the "tulip" takeover the project director for Freedom House, Mike Stone, summed up the role of his organization with two words: "Mission accomplished." 
A British newspaper that interviewed him added, "US involvement in the small, mountainous country is higher proportionally than it was for Georgia's 'rose' revolution or Ukraine's 'orange' uprising." 
Assistance also was provided by Western-funded and -trained "youth activists" modeled after and trained by those organized in Yugoslavia to topple the government of Slobodan Milosevic in 2000:
Compare the names:
Yugoslavia: Otpor! (Resistance!)
Ukraine: Pora! (It's Time!)
Georgia: Kmara (Enough)
Kyrgyzstan: KelKel (Stand Up and Go)
Behind them all, deposed Kyrgyz president Askar Akayev identified the true architects of his ouster. On April 2 he stated "There were international organisations who supported and financed the Tulip Revolution in Kyrgyzstan.
"A week before these events I saw a letter on the internet signed by the US ambassador to Kyrgyzstan. It contained a detailed plan for the revolution." 
The Kyrgyz Tulip (formerly Lemon, Pink and Daffodil) Revolution was as unconstitutional and as disruptive to the nation as its Georgian and Ukrainian predecessors were, but far more violent. Deaths and injuries occurred in the southern cities of Osh and Jalal Abad (Jalalabad, Jalal-Abad) and in the capital of Bishkek.
It was also the first "color" revolt in a nation bordering China. Not only did Russia and China voice grave concerns over the developments in Kyrgyzstan, Iran did also, seeing where the trajectory of "regime change" campaigns was headed.
In the four decades of the Cold War political changes through elections or otherwise in any nation in the world - no matter how small, impoverished, isolated and seemingly insignificant - assumed importance far exceeding their domestic effects. World political analysts and policy makers asked the key question: Which way would the new government align itself, with the U.S. or the Soviet Union?
In the post-Cold War period the question is no longer one of political philosophy or socio-economic orientation, but this: How will the new administration support or oppose U.S. plans for regional and global dominance?
With Roza Otunbayeva as now official head of a new Kyrgyz interim "people's government," there is reason to believe that Washington will not be dissatisfied with the overthrow of her former "tulip" partner Bakiyev. She has already confirmed that the American base at Manas will not be closed.
Having earlier served as her nation's first ambassador to the U.S. and Britain, less than two months after the 2005 coup Otunbayeva, then acting foreign minister, met with her U.S. counterpart Condoleezza Rice in Washington during which the latter assured her that "the U.S. administration will continue to help the Kyrgyz government promote democratic processes in the country." 
Shortly after the March "democratic transformation," its patron saint, Georgia's Mikheil Saakashvili, boasted that "Roza Otunbayeva worked in Tbilisi in recent years and was the head of UN office in Abkhazia. During the Rose Revolution she was in Georgia and knew everything that was happening...the Georgian factor was a catalyst of many things going on there [in Kyrgyzstan]."
From the U.S. perspective she appears to have reliable bona fides.
Russia has put its air base in Kyrgyzstan on high alert, though comments from leading Russian government officials - Prime Minister Vladimir Putin in particular - indicate an acceptance of the uprising which has already caused 65 deaths and hundreds of injuries.
But Russia attempted to put the best face on the revolt five years ago also.
Which direction the next Kyrgyz government takes will have repercussions far greater than what the nation's small size and population (slightly over five million) might indicate.
It could affect U.S. and NATO plans for the largest military offensive of the Afghan war scheduled to begin in two months in Kandahar province.
It could determine the future of the Collective Security Treaty Organization and the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, the two major potential barriers to Western military penetration of vast tracts of Eurasia.
The stakes could hardly be higher.
Supporters of Kyrgyzstan's deposed president rally
April 13, 2010 JALAL-ABAD, Kyrgyzstan
Several thousand supporters of Kyrgyzstan's deposed president are rallying in the country's south in a
test of his ability to resist the opposition forces that drove him out of the capital last week.
Supporters of Kurmanbek Bakiyev are speaking at the square in Jalal-Abad and
some of his brothers are mingling in the crowd. Bakiyev himself is expected to appear soon.
Tuesday's rally follows a gathering of about 500 people in his home village the day before.
The self-declared interim government in the capital has threatened to arrest Bakiyev, who has warned his detention could spark bloodshed.
The instability worries the West because a U.S. air base in Kyrgyzstan is crucial in the military campaign against the Taliban in Afghanistan.
Kyrgyzstan's ousted President Bakiyev's immunity lifted
13 April 2010 Kyrgyzstan president says he will resign if security is guaranteed for him and relatives.
The interim government of Kyrgyzstan has said President Kurmanbek Bakiyev no longer has presidential immunity and has called on him to surrender.
Interim security minister Azimbek Beknazarov said Mr Bakiyev would be arrested by force if he did not give himself up by the end of the day.
Mr Bakiyev was removed from office last week following violent protests.
He has refused to resign and has been attempting to rally support in the south of the country.
In a defiant move, the ousted president held a rally on Tuesday at a base in the city of Jalalabad.
He repeated that he was not responsible for the shooting of anti-government protesters last week and that he remained the only legitimate leader of the country.
"My power is in the people, not in me," he told thousands of supporters.
The interim government has ordered the president to return to the capital, Bishkek, or face arrest by special forces.
Mr Beknazarov said: "We can see that the president does not want to step down voluntarily and instead is issuing calls for actions against the people."
He said a criminal investigation had been opened against Mr Bakiyev, and said that Mr Bakiyev had until Tuesday afternoon to hand himself in to the authorities.
More than 80 people were killed last week in violent protests against Mr Bakiyev in Bishkek and other towns.
The violence was the culmination of weeks of discontent over rising prices and allegations of corruption in Kyrgyzstan.
The self-declared government, headed by a former foreign minster, Roza Otunbayeva,
suggested earlier that Mr Bakiyev could leave Kyrgyzstan in return for his voluntarily resignation.
But our correspondent says the idea has caused dismay among the public, who are demanding that Mr Bakiyev be brought to justice.
The interim government has pledged to hold elections in six months' time and says the security forces are under its command.
Kyrgyz president will go if security guaranteedKyrgyz president will go if security guaranteed
Deposed leader seeks safety for himself and his family
April 13, 2010 - NBC
Kyrgyzstan's deposed president said he will resign if the interim authorities guarantee his security,
and the head of the security services said he was ready to make such a promise.
The statements could point to a resolution of the tensions that have gripped the country since
President Kurmanbek Bakiyev fled the capital during an uprising that left at least 83 people dead last week.
The tensions in the impoverished, strategically important former Soviet Central Asian nation worry the United States and Russia,
both of which have military bases in Kyrgyzstan.
The U.S. base, at the capital's international airport, is a key piece in the NATO military campaign against the Taliban in Afghanistan, providing refueling flights for warplanes over Afghanistan and is a transit point for troops.
Bakiyev told a news conference in his home southern village of Teyit that "I will resign if security is guaranteed for me and my relatives."
Shortly thereafter, the head of the security service of the interim government, Keneshbek Duishebayev, said
"we are ready to guarantee security to him and his family."
Roza Otunbayeva, the head of the interim government, later offered security guarantees to Bakiyev and his family.
However, when asked specifically about Bakiyev's brother and son, Duishebayev declined to comment.
Those men are among the Bakiyev relatives most often accused of reaping massive wealth through improper channels; c
omplaints about corruption were a prime issue in the events that drove him out of the capital.
Bakiyev did not detail what sort of security guarantees he was looking for.
The opposition figures who formed a self-declared interim government after he fled the capital had previously offered him safe passage out of the country,
but Bakiyev has shown no intention of leaving Kyrgyzstan and there are doubts about whether any country would accept him.
He also proposed that Otunbayeva come to his southern home base for talks and guaranteed safety for her and other officials.
Bakiyev made his resignation offer hours after rallying with about 5,000 adherents in an apparent test of how much support he could muster for resisting the opposition authorities.
Although the crowd of supporters that greeted Bakiyev on Tuesday was highly emotional,
there have been persistent doubts about how much backing he has and whether he commanded enough loyalty in the security forces to mount serious resistance.
In turn, Bakiyev appeared unwilling to push the stalemate into new violence, warning his supporters that "the whole world is watching us."
Kyrgyz Leader Agrees to ResignOusted Kyrgyz Leader Agrees to Resign in Exchange for Protection
President Kurmanbek Bakiyev. who fled the capital amid bloody protests last week,
made the statement hours after holding a rally with about 5,000 supporters that seemed
aimed at gauging his ability to resist the self-declared provisional government.
April 13, 2010
Kyrgyzstan's ousted president says he is willing to resign if his security is guaranteed.
Kurmanbek Bakiyev, who fled the capital amid bloody protests last week, made the statement hours after holding a rally with about 5,000 supporters that seemed aimed at gauging his ability to resist the self-declared provisional government.
In his home village of Teyit, he said at a news conference that "I will go into retirement if security is guaranteed for me and my relatives."
There was no immediate response from the interim authorities in Bishkek, who earlier Tuesday said Bakiyev would be arrested if he did not return to the capital.
The United States and Russia both have military bases in Kyrgyzstan and developments are being watched with concern in both Washington and Moscow.
April 8: A protester covered by Kyrgyz national flag walks in front of Kyrgyz government headquarters on the central square in Bishkek.
Bakiyev fled the capital to his native south last Wednesday after a protest rally in the capital erupted into shooting and chaos; at least 83 people were killed. Protesters stormed government building and opposition leaders declared themselves in control.
The opposition initially had guaranteed Bakiyev safe passage out of the country if he stepped down.
Earlier he had said, "I am willing to negotiate," but it was not clear what possibilities he would be willing to discuss.
Beknazarov said Tuesday that his government has ordered Bakiyev stripped of the usual presidential immunity. He also said the country's constitutional court has been suspended because of unspecified violations and that the chairman of the Supreme Court had been dismissed.
The U.S. base, at the capital's international airport, is a key piece in the NATO military campaign against the Taliban in Afghanistan. The base provides refueling flights for warplanes over Afghanistan and is a transit point for troops.
Bakiyev, Kyrgyztan ousted leader must stand trialBakiyev, Kyrgyztan ousted leader must stand trial
14 April 2010
The interim leader of Kyrgyzstan has said ousted President Kurmanbek Bakiyev should stand trial over the recent deadly political unrest.
Roza Otunbayeva said Mr Bakiyev had "blood on his hands" and had missed his chance to leave the country.
Mr Bakiyev, currently in the south of the country, had said he was willing to resign if his safety was guaranteed.
Russian President Dmitry Medvedev has warned Kyrgyzstan is "on the brink of civil war".
Ms Otunbayeva was speaking after talks in the capital, Bishkek, with US Assistant Secretary of State Robert Blake.
"Bakiyev has exceeded the limits of his immunity by spilling blood and now he must be brought to trial and answer before the law," she said.
Mr Blake is the most senior US official to visit Kyrgyzstan since fighting on 7 April left more than 80 people dead.
He told reporters he felt "optimistic" about the steps the interim government was taking and offered US assistance.
On Tuesday, Mr Bakiyev said he would consider resigning if the self-declared interim government could put an end to unrest in the country and guarantee the safety of him and his family.
But the new administration in Bishkek has yet to give a response.
Its leaders held a late-night meeting in Bishkek but made no announcement afterwards.
Mr Medvedev has warned that Kyrgyzstan is "on the brink of civil war" and in danger of becoming a "second Afghanistan".
Speaking to a think tank in Washington, he said: "Some political leaders will have to make a decision about their fate."
He did not elaborate, but correspondents say the Kremlin has been quick to offer assistance to Ms Otunbayeva since she became interim leader.
Mr Bakiyev is currently in his home town of Jalalabad in the south of the country, where he has been trying to unite support.
The BBC's Rayhan Demytrie in Jalalabad says Mr Medvedev's statement is strong but that while the situation in the city is tense, it does not appear war-like.
The interim government has planned a large rally in Jalalabad to demonstrate it has support in the south as well as the capital.
But there appear to be many Bakiyev supporters in the crowd of about 1,000, says our correspondent.
Last week's violence was the culmination of weeks of discontent over rising prices and allegations of corruption in Kyrgyzstan.
The interim government has pledged to hold elections in six months' time.
Kyrgyzstan Jews in DangerKyrgyzstan Jews in Danger
Anti-Semites Attack Chabad Synagogue
The 2,000-member Jewish community of Kyrgyzstan suddenly lives in fear following an attack on its only synagogue after rebels last week apparently overthrew the government in a bloody uprising in which more than 80 people were killed.
The Chabad-Lubavitch synagogue in Bishkek was firebombed, and the local Jewish school temporarily shut its doors as a precaution. “We ask that everyone keep the people of Kyrgyzstan in their prayers," said Chabad Rabbi Aryeh Reichman. "While we remain cautious, with the help of G-d, peace will soon be restored and life will return to normal."
He told Israel National News in a telephone interview that at least three firebombs exploded at the synagogue but did not cause any interior damage. Rabbi Reichman added that Jewish leaders have protested to the interim government and asked for protection against further anti-Semitic incidents. He added the rebels have taken up office in a parliament building that survived heavy damage in the uprising.
The Jewish community in the country has almost never experienced anti-Semitism before the rebellion last week. (Pictured at left is a Bar Mitzvah ceremony of a Bishkek Jewish boy at the Chabad synagogue.)
Several political observers have linked the attack with rebels’ anger at an American Jewish businessman, who is closely tied with the government of Kurmanbek Bakiyev and his son Maxim but who has no strong ties with the local Jewish community.
Posters scattered throughout Bishkek proclaimed, "Dirty Jews and all those like Maxim Bakiyev have no place in Kyrgyzstan."
Bakiyev has fled the capital and technically is in power but said he might resign if his safety were guaranteed. The violence began after a large protest against the election victory of Bakiyev, who has been accused of corruption.
Kyrgyzstan's tiny Jewish population mostly lives in the capital of Bishkek and largely comprises descendants of Eastern European and Bukharan Jews who relocated during the Second World War and Soviet Regime. Many of them are welfare recipients, and the Jewish Agency is actively processing applications for those wanting to move to Israel.
Rabbi Reichman, who has served in Bishkek since 2002 and lives with his wife and four children, remains optimistic and says there is no “direct danger” to the Jewish community. He said that 300 Jews participated in the recent Chabad community Passover Seder and that Jewish awareness is growing.
Russian President Dmitry Medvedev told a Washington think tank Tuesday that Kyrgyzstan “is on the brink of civil war” and could become a "second Afghanistan." A key American air base in the war against Afghani terrorists is located in Kyrgyzstan.
Kyrgyzstan on brink of civil war
April 2010 As the standoff between Kyrgyzstan's ousted president and the country's interim government continues,
Russian President Dmitry Medvedev says he worries about civil war breaking out in the country.
Medvedev, in Washington to attend a nuclear security summit, said Tuesday evening that
Kyrgyzstan was "on the brink of civil war. And a civil war could attract terrorists of all kinds."
"The situation in Kyrgyzstan is difficult. Once again Kyrgyzstan is living through a stage of illegitimate developments,
and the responsibility for that must be borne by the Kyrgyz authorities who didn't settle numerous conflicts [that were] brewing."
US mediator arrives in Bishkek
Meanwhile, a top US diplomat has arrived in the capital, Bishkek, for talks on Wednesday with the country's interim leaders about defusing the crisis.
Assistant Secretary of State Robert Blake will meet Roza Otunbayeva, who heads the opposition group that took over from toppled President Kurmanbek Bakiyev.
Blake is expected to discuss the future of the US Manas air base, which is a key supply route for NATO and US troops in Afghanistan.
The ousted president has since outlined conditions for his resignation from a family stronghold in the country's southern province of Jalalabad.
Bakiyev said in an interview with Reuters that he would only step down if "the roaming of these armed people ends in Kyrgyzstan,
that this redistribution of property and this armed free-for-all stops."
He also demanded guaranteed safe passage for himself and his family, and that presidential elections be held "within two or three months."
DAILY NEWS with prophetic analysis
Belarus says ousted Kyrgyz president in MinskBelarus says ousted Kyrgyz president in Minsk
Tuesday, April 20, 2010 MINSK, Belarus
Kyrgyzstan's ousted president was in exile in Belarus on Tuesday, as the interim authorities controlling the Kyrgyz capital
warned he would be imprisoned if he tried to return to the Central Asian country.
Kurmanbek Bakiyev, who fled the Kyrgyz capital Bishkek after an April 7 protest rally that exploded into gunfire and left 85 people dead,
had taken refuge last week in neighboring Kazakhstan, then left Monday for an unannounced destination.
Belarus' authoritarian President Alexander Lukashenko said Tuesday that "Bakiyev and his family are in Minsk under the protection of our state and me personally."
His presence, however, could exacerbate Belarus' tensions with both the West and neighboring Russia, as well as with Kyrgyzstan itself.
"We have a mutual obligation to extradite criminals," said Edil Baisalov, chief of staff for interim Kyrgyz leader Roza Otunbayeva.
"We expect Belarus to provide protection and security for Bakiyev until he faces justice in Kyrgyzstan for his bloody crimes."
He accused Bakiyev of being responsible for the Bishkek bloodshed.
The shaky interim coalition, which is set to run the former Soviet country for six months, is struggling to restore stability.
The efforts are being watched with concern by Russia and the United States, both of which have military bases there.
Russian President Dmitry Medvedev on Tuesday told Defense Minister Anatoly Serdyukov to take measures to
increase security at Russian facilities in Kyrgyzstan and to protect Russian citizens there.
A Kremlin statement announcing the order did not specify what the measures might be.
Deadly clashes have broken out between mobs of ethnic Kyrgyz and ethnic Meskhetian Turks in a village on the outskirts of the capital, while Bakiyev's supporters in his southern stronghold have managed to maintain control of the region by imposing their own interim governor.
The mood was tense Tuesday in Mayevka village, outside Bishkek, a day after hundreds of young ethnic Kyrgyz men armed with sticks and metal bars beat residents while burning houses and cars. At least five people were killed, the Interior Ministry said.
The rampage appears to have been motivated by an attempt by squatters to seize arable land. Mayevka is populated largely by Meskhetian Turks, descendants of an ethnic group deported from Soviet Georgia in 1944.
"When we learned that there was a claim out on our field, we urgently evacuated women and children from the village," said Alik Aliyev, an ethnic Meskhetian Turk inhabitant of Mayevka. "Toward the evening, around 1,000 young Kyrgyz men, some of them drunk, came down our street and started to smash windows of homes and cars."
Aliyev said local residents were forced to flee under attack from the squatters, but later returned to find their homes had been looted and set on fire, and that their cattle had been stolen.
Hundreds of squatters assembled for a rally Tuesday morning a short distance from Mayevka, demanding the release of jailed rioters and that they be allocated land.
About 500 police officers armed with shields and batons blocked the entrance into the village, leading to an hourlong standoff, after which the squatters dispersed.
Meanwhile, Bakiyev supporters in the southern town of Jalal-Abad have been occupying government offices for several days, and have imposed their candidate as head of the regional police department.
Under pressure from some 20 Bakiyev supporters — mostly elderly women — officers agreed Tuesday to work under their appointee.
Lukashenko's move to give refuge to Bakiyev appeared to be an open challenge to Russia, which he accuses of trying to absorb or crush his country. Many observers suggest that Russia supported or even aided Bakiyev's ouster, angered by his reneging on a promise last year to evict the U.S. base.
"Lukashenko received Bakiyev in order to show the Kremlin 'Look, I'm totally not afraid of you and will do what I want,'" said independent Belarusian analyst Alexander Klaskovsky.
Kyrgyzstan protesters take over local government HQ in southKyrgyzstan
May 13, 2010 Protesters take over local government HQ in south.
Supporters of Kyrgyzstan's ousted leader seized the regional government office in the southern city of Osh on Thursday, in the latest sign of resistance against the country's interim government.
A Reuters witness in Kyrgyzstan's second-biggest city said supporters of Kurmanbek Bakiyev, toppled in last month's violent revolt,
scuffled with guards and entered the government building after holding a demonstration that drew about 1,000 people.
They demanded that a pro-Bakiyev regional governor, sacked by the Central Asian nation's interim government, be restored.
Any further trouble in Osh, at the heart of Central Asia's most flammable and ethnically divided corner,
would be of concern to regional powers, keen to maintain stability in a country home to a U.S. and a Russian military air base.
The interim government is made up of Bakiyev opponents who have accused him of ordering troops to fire on protesters during last month's upheaval, as well corruption and nepotism during his five-year rule.
In Bishkek, the capital, interim government chief of staff Edil Baisalov told Reuters that "measures will be taken to restore authority" in the city of Osh. He did not elaborate.
"Those are actions of revanchist forces, they will fizzle out soon," interim government spokesman Farid Niyazov said.
Interior Ministry spokesman Bakyt Seitov said police were monitoring the situation and would not allow an escalation of unrest.
Bakiyev fled and his opponents claimed power in Kyrgyzstan after protesters stormed government buildings in Bishkek in early April.
At least 85 people were killed in clashes between protesters, some of them armed, and police who fired into crowds.
The interim government has struggled to stamp its authority across the impoverished, predominantly Muslim ex-Soviet republic, particularly in Bakiyev's southern power base.
On Wednesday, it faced its first large public protest in the capital as hundreds of opponents, many of them members of Bakiyev's Ak Zhol party and the allied
Communists, demonstrated against the dissolution of parliament.
Ak Zhol and Communists threatened to further protests on Thursday.
Bakiyev initially fled to the south and sought to muster support after his overthrow, but later left for Kazakhstan and then took refuge in Belarus.
He insists he remains president but has said he would not seek to return in that role.
The U.S. base at Bishkek's Manas airport is key to U.S. efforts to supply forces fighting in nearby Afghanistan.
Moscow and Washington have both expressed support for the interim government, which has promised to hold new parliamentary elections in October.
Kyrgyzstan is north of India.
Kyrgyzstan asks Russia for HelpKyrgyzstan asks Russia for Help
June 12, 2010 Kyrgyzstan asks Russia to send troops to end ethnic violence that has killed at least 62
Kyrgyzstan on Saturday asked Russia to send troops to end ethnic violence that has killed more than 60 people and wounded about 800 in the impoverished nation that hosts U.S. and Russian military bases.
Interim President Roza Otunbayeva acknowledged that her government has lost control over the south, as the country's second-largest city, Osh, slid further into chaos in the second day of violence.
The sky over Osh was black with smoke as gangs of young Kyrgyz men armed with firearms and metal bars were marching on Uzbek neighborhoods and setting their homes on fire.
There was no immediate response from Moscow to Otunbayeva's plea for help.
Thousands of terrified ethnic Uzbeks were fleeing toward the nearby border with Uzbekistan.
An Associated Press reporter who visited the border witnessed people fleeing in panic and saw bodies of children killed in the stampede.
The interim authorities have sent troops and armor into the city, but they have failed to stop the rampages.
Russian paratroopers sent into KyrgyzstanRussian paratroopers sent into Kyrgyzstan
June 13, 2010 Russian turned down the appeal for help. Now they send troops?!?
The Russian bear is moving!
More than 75,000 ethnic Uzbeks have fled to Uzbekistan from Kyrgyzstan, as the Uzbek authorities have opened the border for refugees.
Most of them are women and elderly people. There are people with gunshot wounds among them.
Deadly ethnic riots swept through the country's second-largest city of Osh and another southern city of Jalalabad on Friday and Saturday. At least 97 people were killed in clashes between Kyrgyz and ethnic Uzbek groups
Russian paratroopers sent into volatile Kyrgyzstan
Interfax reports that Russia has sent hundreds of paratroopers into Kyrgyzstan on Sunday in an effort to protect its military facilities.
The death toll has now passed 100 despite the interim government extending the state of emergency in the country's south.
Soldiers have been authorised to shoot-to-kill to defend civilians and in self-defence.
Ethnic Uzbeks in Osh said gangs, aided by the military, were carrying out genocide, burning residents out of their homes and shooting them as they fled.
Witnesses saw bodies lying on the streets.
Former president Kurmanbek Bakiyev, exiled in Kazakhstan, appealed for Russian help to quell the riots in the south saying that
Kyrgyzstan was on the verge of collapse. hmmmmmm ......
Russia has said it will not send in peacekeepers alone but would discuss the situation on Monday.
The BBC report that over 30 000 ethnic Uzbeks have fled the country.
Kyrgyzstan erupts into ethnic war
Gun battles rage between Kyrgyz and Uzbek youths after rioting in Osh spreads to other areas
Kyrgyzstan in the grip of a bloody ethnic war after rioting that erupted 4 days ago in Osh spread rapidly to other areas, with gun battles raging between Kyrgyz and Uzbek youths.
The country's interim government granted its security forces shoot-to-kill powers and promised to send a volunteer force to the region.
But the violence continued, taking the death toll since Thursday night to more than 100.
Mobs of Kyrgyz men were burning Uzbek villages slaughtering residents and storming police stations, witnesses said.
Women and children were gunned down as they tried to escape. Kyrgyzstan opened its crossing with Uzbekistan, but many refugees appeared to be stuck.
While the situation in Osh was said last night to be stabilising, rampages broke out in Jalal-Abad, another major southern city, 40 km away, and in surrounding villages. Gunfire echoed across the city, despite heavy rain, as mobs set fire to Uzbek houses, stores and cafes.
The police are helping them kill.
Kyrgyzstan's interim leader Rosa Otunbaeva has blamed the country's ousted president Kurmanbek Bakiyev for instigating the unrest.
They are killing Uzbeks like animalsThey are killing Uzbeks like animals
June 14, 2010 Death toll reaches 117 (some report over 200) in Kyrgyzstan's worst ethnic violence in decades
Kyrgyzstan - Sporadic gunfire continued through the night and fresh fires raged in southern Kyrgyzstan on Monday, as the Central Asian nation's worst ethnic violence in decades that prompted thousands to flee showed no signs of abating.
The official death toll reached 117 with 1,500 hurt, the Health Ministry of this beleaguered former Soviet country, which hosts U.S. and Russian military bases, announced early Monday.
Accounts from international aid agencies and other witnesses suggest the real figures could be multiples higher: the International Committee of the Red Cross has said its delegates witnessed about 100 bodies being buried in just one cemetery.
However, the leader of the Uzbek community in Kyrgyzstan told the Associated Press that more than 200 Uzbeks had been buried in the wake of the violence.
In days of attacks, mobs of rioters slaughtered ethnic minority Uzbeks and burned their homes and businesses. More than 75,000 Uzbeks fled the country amid attacks that also appeared aimed at undermining the new interim government.
New fires raged across Osh — the second-largest city that's on the border with Uzbekistan, and where food and water were becoming scarce. Armed looters smashed stores, stealing anything from televisions to food.
No police could be seen on the streets, though authorities insisted some of the improvised checkpoints dotted around the city of 250,000 were theirs.
Cars stolen from ethnic Uzbeks raced around the city, most crowded with young Kyrgyz wielding sharpened sticks, axes and metal rods.
In some parts of Osh, Kyrgyz residents protected homes housing both Kyrgyz and Uzbeks.
Ethnic Uzbeks in a besieged neighborhood in Osh said gangs were carrying out "genocide," burning residents out of their homes and shooting them as they fled. Witnesses saw bodies lying on the streets.
"God help us! They are killing Uzbeks like animals. Almost the whole city is in flames," Dilmurad Ishanov, an ethnic Uzbek human rights worker, told Reuters by telephone.
Retired construction worker Habibullah Khurulayev, 69, said he was afraid to leave his apartment in the besieged district of Osh. Uzbeks armed with hunting rifles manned improvised barricades to keep out Kyrgyz gangs with automatic rifles, he said.
"They are killing us with impunity," he said. "The police are doing nothing."
In another city beset by violence, Jalal-Abad, about 25 miles away, armed Kyrgyz amassed at the central square. Their stated goal was to travel to the nearby Uzbek settlement of Suzak in search of an Uzbek community leader they blame for starting the trouble.
The Uzbek border is just 3 miles from Osh. Uzbek refugees were mostly elderly people, women and children, with younger men staying behind to defend their property. Some were fired on as they fled.
The United States, Russia and the U.N. chief all expressed alarm about the scale of the violence and discussed how to help the refugees. The U.S. and Russia both have military bases in northern Kyrgyzstan, away from the rioting. Russia sent in an extra battalion to protect its air base.
Uzbeks make up 15 percent of Kygryzstan's 5 million people, but in the south their numbers rival ethnic Kyrgyz.
Kyrgyzstan cancels cooperation with USA
July 22, 2015 - Kyrgyzstan has cancelled a cooperation treaty with the USA because a human right prize was given to Azimzhan Askarov. Americans in Kyrgyzstan will be deprived of their near diplomatic status. Askarov is jailed for life convicted of taking part in the murder of a Kyrgyz police officer and played an active role in ethnic riots.
Chinese embassy suicide bombing
Aug 30, 2016 - A minivan driven by a suicide bomber exploded after ramming a gate at the Chinese embassy in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan. 3 were injured in the blast. No Chinese diplomats were hurt. This is reported as the first suicide bombing in the country.
Islam is the most widely held faith, 3 out of 4 citizens are Muslim. The 2,000 Jews in Kyrgyzstan are persecuted. The nation is on the brink of civil war, worst ethnic violence in decades. Both Russia and the US have airbases in Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan govt resigns
Oct 26, 2016 - Kyrgyzstan's government resigned after President Almazbek Atambayev's Social Democratic party quit the ruling majority coalition, deepening a rift between the pro-Russian leader and his former allies. The party broke up with its coalition partners over their refusal to back proposed constitutional reforms.
The proposed changes would strengthen the powers of the prime minister, a role which Atambayev could in theory take after stepping down as president next year, although he said he had no such plan.
The Ata Meken party has opposed the reform and party leader Omurbek Tekebayev has become one of its most vocal critics, arguing that the change would give the prime minister too much power.
If the confrontation extends beyond a war of words, it could destabilize the volatile Muslim nation of 6 million which hosts a Russian military base.
Istanbul terrorist was ISIS-Kyrgyzstan
Jan 3, 2017 - The nightclub ISIS terrorist was specially trained for attack. He was Iakhe Mashrapov from Kyrgyzstan who entered Turkey in November.
Kyrgyzstan plane crash, dozens dead
Jan 16, 2017 - Turk cargo plane crashes into a residential neighborhood in Kyrgyzstan.
The aircraft was operating the flight route TK6491 from Hong Kong to Istanbul.
At least 32 residential buildings have been destroyed
Turk jet crash kills 37 in Kyrgyzstan
Jan 16, 2017 - A Turkish cargo plane attempting to land in thick fog crashed into a village near Kyrgyzstan’s main airport and killed at least 37 people. The 4 pilots were killed in the crash. The plane was attempting a landing at the Manas airport in the Kyrgyz capital Bishkek in thick fog. Pilot error is blamed.
The Turkey nightclub kilelr Jan 3 was from Kyrgyzstan.
I had an instant flashback to the crash of Poland plane some years ago, when Poland govt and military were killed.