KANSAS Tornadoes, earthquakes
Tornadoes, hail and high winds target the Plains
4/8/13 A multi-day severe thunderstorm outbreak across the nation as a major storm system emerges from the Rockies.
A few storms across Kansas brought hail up to the size of golfballs near Wichita. There was even a weak, rope-shaped tornado that damaged a barn and radio tower near Paradise.
Earthquake rattles south-central Kansas
Dec. 16, 2013 Quakes increasing in Oklahoma, just south of kansas.
The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) initially reported the earthquake that hit about 9 a.m. to be a magnitude 4.2, but later revised it to 3.8. The epicenter of the earthquake was about 11 miles northwest of Caldwell, a town of about 1,000 residents in Sumner County near the Kansas-Oklahoma state line. The earthquake had a depth of 3.1 miles, USGS said.
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Earthquake recorded in southern Kansas
17 Mar 2014 - The U.S. GS reports an earthquake shook southern Kansas at 3:46 a.m. Sunday and measured 4.0 on the Richter scale. Its epicenter was reported eight miles east-northeast of Anthony in Harper County.
4.1 Earthquake in KANSAS
September 30, 2014 Harper, WSW of Haysville, SW of Wichita, Kansas
Earthquakes felt this morning in Harper County
4.4 earthquake Harper, Kansas
October 2, 2014 KANSAS big shake! (for them)
WICHITA, Kansas – Many Kansans felt the tremors from a strong earthquake early Thursday afternoon.
A smaller, 3.4 magnitude earthquake was more than 20-minutes after the 4.4 magnitude quake struck Harper county.
The quake originated about 6 miles southeast of Harper.
Oklahoma's been having many quakes in recent months, now Kansas has begun.
October 1 4.1 Earthquake in KANSAS
September 30, 2014 Harper, WSW of Haysville, SW of Wichita, Kansas
Earthquakes felt this morning in Harper County
The past year I have noticed a few scattered quakes in Kansas, most in Oklahoma.
MAP 3.3 2014/10/01 01:11:06 37.224N 97.890W 5.0 4 km ( 3 mi) NW of Freeport, KS
map 2.5 2014/09/30 22:49:10 36.851N 97.863W 5.0 6 km ( 4 mi) SE of Wakita, OK
map 2.8 2014/09/30 20:30:50 36.836N 97.888W 5.0 6 km ( 4 mi) SSE of Wakita, OK
MAP 3.0 2014/09/30 19:33:28 37.385N 95.383W 5.0 10 km ( 6 mi) SSW of Galesburg, KS
MAP 3.0 2014/09/30 17:12:10 35.589N 97.400W 5.8 7 km ( 4 mi) NNE of Lake Aluma, OK
map 2.6 2014/09/30 14:34:22 36.177N 97.250W 4.1 19 km (12 mi) NE of Mulhall, OK
map 2.9 2014/09/30 13:49:52 37.245N 97.957W 8.0 7 km ( 5 mi) SW of Danville, KS
map 2.6 2014/09/30 11:29:02 36.217N 96.713W 5.1 12 km ( 7 mi) N of Yale, OK
MAP 3.1 2014/09/30 10:24:31 37.247N 97.941W 4.2 6 km ( 4 mi) SW of Danville, KS
MAP 3.8 2014/09/30 09:55:04 37.224N 97.964W 3.6 7 km ( 5 mi) SE of Harper, KS
map 2.6 2014/09/30 09:43:16 36.362N 97.230W 5.0 23 km (14 mi) SSW of Marland, OK
MAP 3.3 2014/09/30 07:30:26 37.242N 97.921W 7.7 6 km ( 3 mi) SSW of Danville, KS
MAP 3.5 2014/09/30 01:06:01 36.209N 97.546W 5.0 20 km (13 mi) NW of Mulhall, OK
MAP 3.3 2014/09/30 00:58:46 36.220N 97.557W 5.0 20 km (13 mi) SE of Fairmont, OK
4.8 quake Kansas
November 12, 2014 - Earthquake shakes parts of Kansas, Oklahoma.
The quake epicenter 8 miles south of Conway Springs, 30 miles southwest of Wichita.
The southern part of Kansas has been experiencing an upsurge in earthquakes this year.
Oregon, Oklahoma And Kansas Ground Zero For Numerous Quakes.
4.0 earthquake Pratt, Kansas
May 23, 2015 - A rare 4.7 magnitude earthquake has struck South Central Kansas at a fracking operation. This is one of the larger earthquakes in Kansas state history.
Does fracking cause earthquakes
Billionaire oil trader Boone Pickens doesn’t think fracking causes earthquakes.
A lot of shaking has been going on in Oklahoma. Oklahoma Geologists say waste water disposal wells from fracking are largely to blame. Pickens doesn’t buy it. The epicenters are on the monitoring devices they’re at 25 thousand feet down. Injection water in those wells are 4 or 5 thousand feet and your fracking at 10 thousand feet in the horizontal wells we drill.
3.8 quake Anthony, Kansas
May 30, 2015 - 43 miles N of Enid, Oklahoma
May 30, 2015 - Kansas had 2 back to back rare magnitude 3.9 + 3.1 earthquakes at a large fracking operation. They were forecast May 29, a day before.
4.3 earthquake KANSAS
June 5, 2015 - SW of Wichita, NE of Anthony, SE of Harper.
A rare, noteworthy 4.3 magnitude earthquake at a South Central Kansas fracking operation. This quake was forecast on May 29th to occur this week on the Kansas - Oklahoma border. - Michael Janitch
Kansas golf course sinkhole
June 23, 2015 - A giant sinkhole appeared on hole 13 of the Canyon Farms golf course in Lenexa, Kansas. Parts of the course are constructed over an old limestone mine. Heavy rain is thought to have increased the stress on the mine roof.
Oklahoma multiple earthquakes
Jan 7, 2016 - A 4.3 emagnitude arthquake was felt in the Wichita KANSAS area just before 10:30 pm January 6th, shortly followed by a 4.8 quake. At least 7 smaller aftershocks were also felt.
The 4.8 earthquake was NW of Fairview, west of Enid, Oklahoma.
Strongest earthquake in the region since upsurge in seismic activity began in 2010 when the area began experiencing a dramatic increase in seismic activity after decades of relative stability.
BREAKING: Back-to-back earthquakes rattle Oklahoma, Kansas, Texas
Two strong earthquakes rocked Oklahoma, Kansas and Texas on Wednesday night.
The quakes were recorded as magnitudes 4.3 and 4.8, respectively, the United States Geological Survey reported.
The larger temblor was centered 19 miles south-southeast of Alva, Oklahoma, west of Enid, at 10:28 p.m. CST, the USGS said. The first quake occurred 32 seconds before the larger quake near Fairview, Oklahoma.
Both were felt in Wichita, Kansas, where meteorologists from AccuWeather Enterprise Solutions were working.
"The tables shook pretty good as well as our computer screens. Really felt like the whole building was rumbling. We are on the seventh floor so it always seems like it's worse up here," Lead Meteorologist John Lavin said.
The quakes were one of six earthquakes to be reported within 90 minutes Wednesday night in Oklahoma, according to USGS data.
90-minute tornado a rarity, even where tornadoes are common
A tornado that raked the northern Kansas landscape for 90 minutes was impressive both for its classic "wedge" shape and its sheer endurance — staying on the ground about 10 times longer than the typical twister.
The Storm Prediction Center says most tornadoes last less than 10 minutes and stay on the ground for about 3½ miles. Wednesday's storm covered 26 miles from near Niles and southeast of Chapman, but was moving so slowly it lasted an hour and a half and was so isolated that other storms never interrupted its air flow.
The SPC says the legendary, long-lived tornadoes talked about from a century ago were most likely a series of storms along one general path. It said some storms Thursday afternoon could be long-lasting, too.
IT'S BEST WHEN THEY MOVE SLOWLY
The twister that hit Kansas tracked eastward at an average speed of 17.3 mph. The slow forward motion gave forecasters plenty of time to warn people living in the area to either get out of the storm's way or take shelter.
The National Weather Service at Topeka warned Chapman's 1,400 residents at 8:06 p.m. Wednesday that the storm was 4 miles west. The notice gave people 14 minutes to prepare for a storm with winds estimated at 180 mph. Despite the violent winds, the weather service said there were no reports of serious injuries or deaths.
WHY DID IT LAST SO LONG?
Tornadoes are usually part of weather systems that form multiple storms — one with hail here, high winds there. Cold air flowing out of those other storms often chokes off the balance a storm needs to keep a tornado going, said Erik Rasmussen, a research scientist at the University of Oklahoma and the project director for Vortex Southeast.
"The things that end up destroying a tornado didn't happen," Rasmussen said. "It was really just bad luck." The next-nearest storm capable of influencing the Chapman twister was south of Wichita, Kansas, 120 miles to the south.
WHY DO WE HAVE TORNADOES?
Tornadoes — and on a larger scale, hurricanes — are the most efficient way to move air from one part of the atmosphere to another. Typically in the U.S., tornadoes form when moist, warm air from the Gulf moves northward on air currents to meet drier, cooler air moving in from the Pacific or Canada.
Warm air rises and cool air falls. When air masses collide, physics dictates how to achieve a balance in the atmosphere. Sometimes that involves tornadoes, sometimes it doesn't. The triggering mechanism isn't fully known.
Most often, tornadoes die after 10 minutes or less, but if the intake and outflow are balanced they can continue for an hour or more, as on Wednesday.
"Energy isn't a big consideration," said Harold Brooks of the National Severe Storms Laboratory in Norman, Oklahoma. "It's maintaining the balance of warm, moist air coming into the storm matching with the outflow."
Rasmussen said tornadoes that endure for so long are extraordinary.
"I'm sure less than 1 percent of tornadoes last 90 minutes or more. There's probably only two or three a year," Rasmussen said. The U.S. sees an average of about 1,200 tornadoes a year.
For a common comparison, consider how a bathtub drains. More water in the tub means the funnel will last longer. Interrupt the flow and the funnel disappears.
NOT ALL BIG LONG-LASTING STORMS ARE KILLERS
Being on the ground a long time does not necessarily make a storm a killer, and being on the ground a short time doesn't make a storm insignificant. Wednesday's storm, and another earlier this week near Dodge City, Kansas, were in sparsely populated areas.
The Joplin, Missouri, storm that killed 158 people five years ago was on the ground for 6 miles; a storm that killed 24, including seven school children, at Moore, Oklahoma, in 2013 was on the ground for 14 miles.
A Super Tuesday storm in 2008 was on the ground in Arkansas for about two hours — a half-hour longer than Wednesday's twister — but moved faster and was deadlier across rugged terrain. It covered 122 miles and killed 13.
Serious damage after twister in Kansas, no reported injuries
EUREKA, Kan. — A tornado ripped through southeast Kansas late Thursday, causing widespread damage in a small town, but no injuries have been reported.
The National Weather Service confirmed that at about 10 p.m. Thursday, the tornado struck Eureka, a town of roughly 2,600 residents about 60 miles east of Wichita. The tornado damaged several homes, a mobile home park and the Eureka Nursing Center, which lost its south and west-facing walls, The Wichita Eagle reported (http://j.mp/29ndNL1 ).
Residents of the nursing home took shelter in the facility and were likely to be moved to a different facility on Friday.
"The tornado started at the northwest part of the county and went through Eureka," said Levi Vinson, the Greenwood County emergency management director.
Vinsonsaid everyone has been accounted for, but crews were still "checking on some people."
The National Weather Service alerted Eureka's residents to the incoming storm Thursday night at least 15 minutes before the tornado hit, he said.
"We were notified and we sounded the emergency alert outdoor warning sirens," Vinson said. "The leeway they provided us, I think, is what benefited us on the lack of injuries."
Kevin Darmofal, a meteorologist with the weather service in Wichita, said a damage survey team would likely be in Eureka early Friday.
Kelly Johnson, a nurse who works at the nursing center, drove from her home in Wichita to Eureka after hearing reports of the storm. She climbed over debris to enter one of the facility's hallways, where she visited some residents.
"I just checked on one of the residents who is 100 years old," Johnson said. "She was sleeping. People always said that Eureka is in a valley, so it wouldn't get hit by a tornado. When I heard, I had to come."